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Import Measures for Live Birds to Prevent the Introduction of Avian Influenza in Domestic Birds

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APHD-DSAE-IE-2006-2-5
September 11, 2006

Due to the widespread occurrences of the highly pathogenic H5N1 Asian subtype of avian influenza in both the domestic and in the wild bird compartment of many countries, the CFIA has implemented additional import requirements for all countries currently eligible to export birds to Canada. These conditions provide further assurances that every effort has been made to prevent the introduction of infection into the domestic bird population.

For importation from a country, zone or compartment free from highly pathogenic notifiable avian influenza (HPNAI)

For all birds

The bird being imported must not have been vaccinated against avian influenza (H5, H7).

For live poultry

and either

or

Note

Samples can be pooled to a maximum of 5 swabs per vial. For very small species of birds where cloacal swabbing may be harmful to the bird, a swab from a fresh sample of feces from the bird would be acceptable.

For commercial live birds other than poultry

Note

Samples can be pooled to a maximum of 5 swabs per vial. For very small species of birds where cloacal swabbing may be harmful to the bird, a swab from a fresh sample of feces from the bird would be acceptable.

For Day-old chicks

For hatching eggs

Note

Samples can be pooled to a maximum of 5 swabs per vial. For very small species of birds where cloacal swabbing may be harmful to the bird, a swab from a fresh sample of feces from the bird would be acceptable.

Post import quarantine

For all commercial live birds

A representative sample of the shipment (60 birds or the entire shipment if the total number of imported birds is less than 60) will be tested for NAI using PCR swabbing and virus isolation 21 days after entering the approved quarantine location. Negative results must be available prior to the release of the birds.

Note

Samples can be pooled to a maximum of 5 swabs per vial. For very small species of birds where cloacal swabbing may be harmful to the bird, a swab from a fresh sample of feces from the bird would be acceptable.

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