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Import Conditions for Horses from the European Union Member States for Permanent Stay in Canada: Breeding Horses, Racing Horses, Horses for Riding and Pleasure, Horses for Non-Competitive Entertainment, and Andalusian Horses

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TAHD-DSAT-IE-2011-5-3
April 23, 2015

Amendments

Note

Canada does not recognize Germany to be free from Glanders anymore. Please refer to the specific section for this disease, below.

The import conditions outlined in this documentFootnote 1, Footnote 2 also apply to the following domestic equids:

Documentation instructions

Conditions of import

Residency

The residency of the horse(s) being presented for importation must be certified as follows:

Disease-free status

The disease-free status of any country or zone (as previously approved by the CFIA) must be confirmed:

African horse sickness

The horse(s) must be certified against African horse sickness (AHS) as follows:

and

Dourine

The horse(s) must be certified against Dourine as follows:

and

Glanders

The horse(s) must be certified against Glanders as follows:

For all Member States (except Germany):

and

For Germany, the following must be certified:

During post entry quarantine in Canada, the horses must be retested for Glanders using a complement fixation test negative at 1/5 or, where applicable, an alternate test acceptable to CFIA.

Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis

The horse(s) must be certified against Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) as follows:

and

Equine piroplasmosis

The horse(s) must be certified for Equine piroplasmosis (EP) as follows:

and

Equine infectious anemia

The horse(s) must be certified against Equine infectious anemia (EIA) as follows:

and

Contagious equine metritis

Refer to the appendix.

Identification requirement

The horse(s) must be identified by:

The importer is responsible for providing the CFIA with a reader capable of reading the microchip, unless the microchip is an ISO chip.

and

Pre-export isolation

Pre-export isolation is required as follows:

The required pre-export isolation is not a quarantine. Minimum requirements for pre-export isolation are as follows:

Additional certification

Post-entry import conditions

Appendix - Contagious equine metritis conditions

Stallions over 2 years of age

The horse(s) must be certified as free from contagious equine metritis (CEM) as follows:

and

Note

The stallions must not have been bred by natural breeding nor collected for the purpose of artificial insemination during the 30 days preceding export, and no manipulation and/or treatment of the reproductive tract (except swab collection) was performed during that time.

If the animal is undergoing any form of antibiotic treatment, swabbing for culture must not commence until a minimum of seven days post treatment.

For a stallion that had a positive result in a previous test for CEM

and

and

During post-entry quarantine in Canada

Upon receipt of negative results on the swabs collected above, each stallion must be mated by natural service to two test mares that have been previously tested by culture and CF test as follows:

It is important to note that the 2 test mares must be placed into the CFIA pre-approved quarantine facility and tested for CEM, with negative results, Before the importation of the stallion(s). The importer/owner must make the necessary arrangements ahead of time.

The two test mares must be placed in quarantine with each imported stallion and mated.

Starting a minimum of three days after mating, the two test mares must be tested by culture and CF test as follows:

Any mares for use as teaser mares must undergo the same testing as the test mares with negative results. They must be placed in the quarantine unit when they are established as negative for CEM.

Following the mating with the test mares, the stallion must be treated for five consecutive days as follows:

Mares over 2 years of age

The horse(s) must be certified as free from CEM as follows:

and

Note

The mares must not have been bred by natural breeding nor artificial insemination during the the 30 days preceding export and no manipulation and/or treatment of the reproductive tract (except swab collection) was performed during that time.

If the animal is undergoing any form of antibiotic treatment, swabbing for culture must not commence until a minimum of seven days post treatment.

and

either

or

Note

The above-mentioned serology must be performed in addition to the swabbing.

For a mare that had a positive result in a previous test for CEM

and

During post-entry quarantine in Canada

Three sets of specimens (swabs) must be collected as follows:

1st set – Swabbing the mucosal surfaces taking a different swab for each:

  1. clitoral fossa;
  2. clitoral lateral sinus;
  3. clitoral medial sinus

2nd set – Swabbing the mucosal surfaces taking a different swab for each:

  1. clitoral fossa;
  2. clitoral lateral sinus;
  3. clitoral medial sinus

3nd set – Swabbing the mucosal surfaces taking a different swab for each:

  1. clitoral fossa;
  2. clitoral lateral sinus;
  3. clitoral medial sinus; and
  4. a 4th swab of the cervix or endometrium.

For pregnant mares, only a), b) and c) apply.

Site d) or the 3rd set: An endometrial swab is only required if the mare is in estrus In such case, an endometrial swab is ideal, however, swabbing of the distal end of the cervix only is acceptable if the swabbing of the endometrium presents difficulties.

The three sets of swabs must be performed on three separate days with a minimum of three days and a maximum of eight days between the three sets of swabs. Only mild soap and warm water must be used, as necessary, to remove excess organic debris of the external genitalia, during the preparation of swab collection for CEM testing in post-import quarantine. The specimens must be refrigerated (not frozen) during transport and cultured for CEM within 48 hours of collection. Negative culture results must be obtained on all specimens. The specimens must be cultured for at least ten days, and negative results must be obtained.

Following collection of all specimens, any organic debris must be manually removed from the clitoral sinuses of each mare. The sinuses must then be flushed with a ceruminolytic agent to ensure that the sinuses have been cleaned and that no debris was left in the sinuses.

For five consecutive days, the external genitalia and vaginal vestibule, including the clitoral fossa and sinuses, are thoroughly cleaned and washed (with warm water and a mild detergent) to eliminate all organic and extraneous debris. Following the above procedure, on each of the five days, the clitoral fossa and sinuses must be filled, and the external genitalia and vaginal vestibule must be coated with an antibiotic ointment that is effective against the CEM organism (0.2% nitrofurazone).

Foals under 2 years of age

Horses under two years of age must be certified as follows:

and

Geldings

No CEM import requirements.

Andalusian horses from Spain (stallions over 2 years of age)

The horse(s) must be certified as free from contagious equine metritis (CEM) as follows:

and

Note

The stallions must have never been bred by natural breeding nor collected for the purpose of artificial insemination.

No manipulation and/or treatment of the reproductive tract (except swab collection) was performed during the 30 days preceding export to Canada.

Note

If the animal is undergoing any form of antibiotic treatment, swabbing for culture must not commence until a minimum of seven days post treatment.

and

No post-entry CEM testing is required.

Andalusian horses from Spain  (mares over 2 years of age)

The horse(s) must be certified as free from CEM as follows:

and

Note

The mares must have never been bred by natural breeding or artificial insemination.

No manipulation and/or treatment of the reproductive tract (except swab collection) was performed during the 30 days preceding export to Canada.

Note

If the animal is undergoing any form of antibiotic treatment, swabbing for culture must not commence until a minimum of seven days post treatment.

and

No post-entry CEM testing is required.

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