345 Westridge Drive
United States of America
Carlos D. Fear, Driscoll's, Inc., Watsonville, United States of America
Fred M. Cook, Driscoll's, Inc., Watsonville, United States of America
Richard E. Harrison, Aptos, United States of America
Gavin R. Sills, Driscoll's, Inc., Watsonville, United States of America
|Agent in Canada:||
Lavery, De Billy, S.E.N.C.R.L. - LLP
1, Place Ville Marie, Bureau 4000
Tel: 514 397-5138
|Protective direction granted:||2006-11-27|
|Grant of Rights Date:||2016-01-06|
|Grant of Rights Termination Date:||2036-01-06|
Varieties used for comparison: 'Olallie' and 'Triple Crown'
Summary: The diameter of the central third of the dormant cane of 'Carmel' is larger than that of 'Olallie' and smaller than that of 'Triple Crown'. In cross section, the dormant cane of 'Carmel' is rounded to angular whereas it is rounded on 'Olallie'. There are few spines on the dormant canes of 'Carmel' whereas there are many on the dormant canes of 'Olallie' and none on 'Triple Crown'. The terminal leaflet of 'Carmel' is longer than that of 'Olallie' and narrower than that of 'Triple Crown'. 'Carmel' has a larger flower diameter than both reference varieties. The flower petals of 'Carmel' are white whereas they are pinkish on 'Triple Crown'. The fruiting laterals of 'Carmel' have few prickles whereas those of 'Olallie' have many. 'Carmel' begins flowering and fruiting late on the previous season's canes whereas 'Olallie' begins early to mid-season.
PLANT: upright growth habit, medium number of new canes, non-suckering
DORMANT CANE: very weak to weak anthocyanin colouration, few branches, distribution of branches predominantly on the upper third of cane, rounded to angular in cross section
SPINES: few in number, medium size, outwards attitude of apex in relation to cane
LEAF: predominantly five leaflets per leaf, palmate type, medium to dark intensity of green colour of upper side, medium glossiness of upper side, medium size stipules
TERMINAL LEAFLET: lobing absent, v-shaped in cross section, absent or very weak undulation of margin, medium blistering between veins, shallow bi-serrate incisions of margin
BEGINNING OF FLOWERING ON PREVIOUS YEAR'S CANE: late
FLOWER: white, medium to dense glandular hairs on pedicel
BEGINNING OF FRUIT RIPENING: late
FRUITING LATERAL: few prickles
FRUIT: bears on previous year's cane, medium length/width ratio, oblong shape in longitudinal section, black
DRUPELETS: medium sized
Origin & Breeding History: 'Carmel' arose from the cross 'BY45.1' (female parent) by 'BY63.2' (male parent) conducted in 1996 in Watsonville, California, USA. Fruit and seed were collected to produce seedlings for field planting in Watsonville, California in 1997. Selection criteria included good flavour, fruit firmness and season of ripening.
Tests & Trials: The comparative trial for 'Carmel' was conducted in Chilliwack, British Columbia during the 2014 growing season. The plots were planted in the spring of 2013 in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). Each variety consisted of 3 replicates/variety with 3 plants per replicate for a total of 9 plants of each variety. Plants were spaced approximately 1.2 metres between plants in the row and spaced approximately 2.5 metres apart between rows. Measured characteristics were based on 10 measurements.
Comparison tables for 'Carmel' with reference varieties 'Olallie' and 'Triple Crown'
Dormant cane diameter (in central third) (mm)
Terminal leaflet length (cm)
Terminal leaflet width (cm)
Flower diameter (cm)
Click on image for larger view
Blackberry: 'Carmel' (left) with reference varieties 'Olallie' (centre) and 'Triple Crown' (right)
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