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Denomination: 'Rafzuera'
Trade name: Xenia
Botanical Name: Ribes uva-crispa
Applicant/Holder: Promo-Fruit Ltd.
Landstrasse 42
Breeder: Peter Hauenstein, Rafz, Switzerland
Agent in Canada: McGinnis Berry Crops Limited
2871 Rockwell Ave
Victoria, British Columbia
V9A 2M8
Tel: 250-338-8200
Application Date: 2000-09-20
Application Number: 00-2389
Grant of Rights Date: 2008-09-09
Certificate Number: 3349
Date rights surrendered: 2011-09-19

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Hinnomaki Red' and 'Invicta'

Summary: The shoots of 'Rafzuera' have a more horizontal attitude than those of 'Hinnomaki Red'. 'Rafzuera' has fewer basal shoots and fewer prickles and bristles than both reference varieties. The leaves of 'Rafzuera' are narrower with a shorter mid-rib and a shorter petiole than both reference varieties. 'Rafzuera' has predominantly one flower per inflorescence while both reference varieties have two. The anthocyanin colouration of the sepals and ovary of 'Rafzuera' are weaker than those of 'Invicta' and stronger than those of 'Hinnomaki Red'. 'Rafzuera' has larger fruit than both reference varieties. The fruit of 'Rafzuera' is globose while it is ellipsoid for 'Invicta'. The hairiness on the fruit of 'Rafzuera' is absent or very sparse while it is medium to dense for 'Invicta'. 'Rafzuera' has longer elongation of the base of the fruit than 'Hinnomaki Red'.


PLANT: weak to medium vigour, sparse to medium density, globose shape, medium number of basal shoots

ONE YEAR OLD SHOOT: semi-upright to horizontal attitude, medium to strong curvature
SHOOT: very few to few prickles and/or bristles, very few to few single prickles, very few bristles with two prickles, very few bristles with three prickles
UPPERMOST THIRD OF SHOOT: very few to few single prickles, very few to few bristles
YOUNG SHOOT: very weak to weak anthocyanin colouration

YOUNG LEAF: early bud burst, medium green, very weak to weak anthocyanin colouration
MATURE LEAF: right angle to obtuse angled base, moderate to strong glossiness on upper side

FLOWERING: begins early to mid-season
FLOWER: predominantely one per inflorescence
SEPAL: very weak to weak anthocyanin colouration
OVARY: medium to strong anthocyanin colouration, sparse pubescence

FRUIT: ripens early to mid-season, globose shape, red, absent or very weak bloom, absent or very sparse hairiness, weak to medium strength veining, medium tough skin, medium elongation of base, medium to long peduncle

Origin & Breeding History: 'Rafzuera' (experimental designation 'ICS 90-2') originated from a cross pollination made in Rafz, Switzerland, between the variety 'Invicta' (female) and a private selection designated 'LS 9-31-54' (male) in 1990. The selection criteria for 'Rafzuera' were based on fruit size and colour, and earliness of ripening.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Rafzuera' were conducted during 2003 and 2004 in Courtenay, British Columbia. Each plot consisted of 2 rows, 48 metres long and 2.7 metres apart. There were 160 plants spaced 60 cm apart within rows.

Comparison tables for 'Rafzuera' with reference varieties 'Hinnomaki Red' and 'Invicta'

Leaf mid-rib length (cm)

  'Rafzuera' 'Hinnomaki Red' 'Invicta'
mean 4.6 5.4 4.9
std. deviation 0.45 0.56 0.36

Petiole length (cm)

  'Rafzuera' 'Hinnomaki Red' 'Invicta'
mean 2.7 3.5 3.4
std. deviation 0.40 0.79 0.45

Leaf width (cm)

  'Rafzuera' 'Hinnomaki Red' 'Invicta'
mean 5.4 6.2 6.0
std.deviation 0.40 0.67 0.39

Fruit length (cm)

  'Rafzuera' 'Hinnomaki Red' 'Invicta'
mean 2.48 1.86 2.24
std. deviation 0.164 0.136 0.252

Fruit width (cm)

  'Rafzuera' 'Hinnomaki Red' 'Invicta'
mean 2.29 1.67 1.94
std. deviation 0.134 0.102 0.150

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Gooseberry: 'Rafzuera'

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