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AAC Confederation

Potato

Denomination: 'AAC Confederation'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'AR2012-12'
Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum
Applicant/Holder: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Fredericton
Fredericton Research and Development Centre
850 Lincoln Road, P.O. Box 20280
Fredericton, New Brunswick
E3B 4Z7
Canada
Breeder: Benoit Bizimungu, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Fredericton, New Brunswick
T. Richard Tarn, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Fredericton, New Brunswick
Agent in Canada: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
107 Science Place
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
S7N 0X2
Canada
Tel: (306) 385-9316
Application Date: 2017-04-26
Application Number: 17-9194
Grant of Rights Date: 2019-05-28
Certificate Number: 5985
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2039-05-28

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Yukon Gold' and 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée'

Summary: The lightsprout of 'AAC Confederation' is broad cylindrical whereas the lightsprout of 'Yukon Gold' is ovoid and that of 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée' is spherical. The intensity of anthocyanin colouration at the base of the lightsprout for 'AAC Confederation' is strong whereas it is of medium intensity for 'Yukon Gold'. At the base of the lightsprout, the proportion of blue is medium on 'AAC Confederation' whereas the proportion of blue is absent or low on the lightsprout for 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée'. The foliage structure of the plants of 'AAC Confederation' is a leaf type (foliage closed, stems not, or hardly visible) whereas 'Yukon Gold' is a stem type (foliage open, stems clearly visible). The plant of 'AAC Confederation' has an semi-upright growth habit while the plant of 'Yukon Gold' has an upright growth habit. The extent of anthocyanin colouration on the stem of 'AAC Confederation' is low whereas it is absent to very low for 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée'. The anthocyanin colouration on the stem of 'AAC Confederation' is located along the entire stem whereas it is halfway up the stem for 'Yukon Gold' and at the base for 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée'. The leaf outline of 'AAC Confederation' is of medium size whereas the leaf outline of 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée' is large. The plants of 'AAC Confederation' are shorter than the plants of 'Yukon Gold'. There is no anthocyanin colouration or proportion of blue in the anthocyanin colouration on the inner side of the corolla for 'AAC Confederation' whereas the intensity of anthocyanin colouration and proportion of blue are medium for 'Yukon Gold'. The tuber of 'AAC Confederation' has a short oval shape whereas it is oval for 'Yukon Gold' and round for 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée'. The base of the eye of the tubers of 'AAC Confederation' is yellow whereas it is red for 'Yukon Gold'.

Description:

LIGHTSPROUT: medium size, broad cylindrical, medium number of root tips, medium length lateral shoots
LIGHTSPROUT BASE: strong intensity of anthocyanin colouration, medium proportion of blue in anthocyanin colouration, medium density of pubescence
LIGHTSPROUT TIP: medium size in relation to base, closed habit, weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration, medium density pubescence

PLANT: foliage structure is leaf type where foliage is closed and stems are not or hardly visible, semi-upright growth habit, matures mid-season

STEM: low extent of anthocyanin colouration along entire stem

LEAF: outline is medium size, closed, medium to strong presence of secondary leaflets, dark green upper side, absent or very low extent and absent to very weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration of upper side of mid-rib, absent or very low frequency of coalescence of terminal and lateral leaflets
SECOND PAIR OF LATERAL LEAFLETS: medium size, leaflet is narrower than long
LEAFLET: absent or very weak waviness of margin, medium depth of veins, dull upper side, pubescence present on blade at apical rosette

PEDUNCLE: absent or very low extent of anthocyanin colouration
INFLORESCENCE: medium frequency per plant, medium in size
FLOWER BUD: absent or very low extent of anthocyanin colouration
COROLLA: medium size, no anthocyanin colouration on inner side, no proportion of blue in anthocyanin colouration on inner side

TUBER: short oval shape, light yellow flesh
TUBER EYE: shallow depth, yellow at base
TUBER SKIN: yellow

Origin & Breeding History: 'AAC Confederation' (experimental designations 'F07060' and '15357-25') originated from a controlled cross made in 2002, in Fredericton, New Brunswick, between the selection designated 'F87084', as the female parent, and the variety 'Rochdale Gold-Dorée', as the male parent. In 2006, true potato seed from this cross was sown in a greenhouse, and the resulting seedling tubers were planted in 2007 for evaluation and selection, at the Benton Research Substation of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, in Fredericton. 'AAC Confederation' was selected in 2007 from a single hill trial at the Benton Research Substation for its vine maturity, tuber appearance, shape and size.

Tests & Trials: The comparative trial for 'AAC Confederation' was conducted during the 2017 growing season at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's Fredericton Research and Development Centre, in Fredericton, New Brunswick. The trial consisted of 2 replicates of 30 plants per replicate for each variety, grown in two 7.5 metre length rows spaced 90 centimetres apart. The plants were spaced 25 centimetres apart within the row. The measurements were taken from 10 plants, or parts of plants, of each variety. Mean differences were significant at the 5% probability level based on LSD values.


Comparison table for 'AAC Confederation' with reference varieties 'Yukon Gold' and 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée'

Plant height (cm)

  'AAC Confederation' 'Yukon Gold' 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée'
mean (LSD=4.0) 51.0 64.0 47.0
std. deviation 4.0 4.0 5.0

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AAC Confederation
Potato: 'AAC Confederation' (left) with reference varieties 'Yukon Gold' (centre) and 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée' (right)

Click on image for larger view
AAC Confederation
Potato: 'AAC Confederation' (left) with reference varieties 'Yukon Gold' (centre) and 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée' (right)

Click on image for larger view
AAC Confederation
Potato: 'AAC Confederation' (top) with reference varieties 'Yukon Gold' (bottom) and 'AAC Canada Gold-Dorée' (centre)

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