|Botanical Name:||Rubus idaeus|
345 Westridge Drive
United States of America
Carlos D. Fear, Driscoll's, Inc., Watsonville, United States of America
Fred M. Cook, Driscoll's, Inc., Watsonville, United States of America
Richard E. Harrison, Aptos, United States of America
Gavin R. Sills, Driscoll's, Inc., Watsonville, United States of America
|Agent in Canada:||
Lavery, De Billy, S.E.N.C.R.L. - LLP
1, Place Ville Marie, Bureau 4000
Tel: 514 397-5138
|Protective direction granted:||2006-11-27|
|Grant of Rights Date:||2012-08-30|
|Exemption from compulsory licensing:||Yes|
|Expiry date for exemption from compulsory licensing:||2014-08-30|
|Grant of Rights Termination Date:||2030-08-30|
Varieties used for comparison: 'Dulcita' and 'Heritage'
Summary: 'Cardinal' has medium to many current season's canes whereas 'Dulcita' has few to medium. The intensity of anthocyanin colouration on the canes of 'Cardinal' is weak to medium whereas it is medium to strong on both 'Dulcita' and 'Heritage'. The canes of 'Cardinal' are shorter than those of 'Heritage'. The density of spines on 'Cardinal' is sparse to medium whereas it is very sparse on 'Dulcita'. The spines of 'Cardinal' are purplish brown to brownish purple whereas they are brownish green on 'Heritage'. 'Cardinal' has predominantly three leaflets per leaf whereas 'Dulcita' has equally three and five. 'Cardinal' begins ripening mid-season with a short to medium length fruiting period whereas 'Heritage' begins ripening late with a medium to long fruiting period.
PLANT: semi-upright growth habit, medium to many current season's canes, fruit bearing only on current year's cane in autumn, canes emerge mid-season, short to medium length fruiting period
VERY YOUNG SHOOT: medium intensity of anthocyanin colouration of apex during rapid growth
CURRENT SEASON'S CANE: weak waxiness, weak to medium intensity of anthocyanin colouration, short internode, medium length vegetative bud
DORMANT CANE: purplish brown
SPINES: present, sparse to medium density, very small size of base, short length, purplish brown to brownish purple
LEAF: medium green, predominantly three leaflets per leaf, convex profile in cross-section, strong rugosity, free to touching lateral leaflets
PEDICEL: few spines
BEGINNING OF FLOWERING: mid-season
PEDUNCLE: very weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration
FLOWER: small to medium size
BEGINNING OF FRUIT RIPENING: mid-season
FRUIT: medium length and width, small length/width ratio, circular to broad conical shape in lateral view, small sized single drupe, dark red, weak glossiness, medium to firm, medium adherence to plug
Origin & Breeding History: 'Cardinal' arose from the cross 'M48.9' by 'Gloria' made in 1994 at Cassin Ranch, Watsonville, Santa Cruz County, California, USA. Fruit and seed were collected to produce seedlings for field planting in 1995 in Carpenteria, California. Selection criteria included fruit firmness, consistent fruit structure and yield.
Tests & Trials: The trials for 'Cardinal' were conducted in Oxford Station, Ontario during the 2011 growing season. There were 20 plants of each variety, planted in the spring of 2009. Plants were spaced approximately 60 cm apart in the row and spaced approximately 0.65 metres apart between rows. Measured characteristics were based on a minimum of 10 measurements.
Comparison table for 'Cardinal' with reference varieties 'Dulcita' and 'Heritage'
Current season's cane length (cm)
Click on image for larger view
Raspberry: 'Cardinal' (top left) with reference varieties 'Dulcita' (top right) and 'Heritage' (bottom)
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