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Sapphire

Raspberry

Denomination: 'Sapphire'
Botanical Name: Rubus idaeus
Applicant/Holder: Berryworld Plus Limited
Turnford Place
Great Cambridge Road Turnford
Broxbourne, Hertfordshire
EN10 GNH
United Kingdom
Breeder: Eva McCarthy, Edward Vinson Limited, Faversham, Kent, Egypt
Agent in Canada: Smart & Biggar LLP
P.O. Box 2999, Station D
55 Metcalfe Street, Suite 900
Ottawa, Ontario
K1P 5Y6
Canada
Tel: 613-232-2486
Application Date: 2016-01-05
Application Number: 16-8782
Grant of Rights Date: 2018-11-16
Certificate Number: 5840
Exemption from compulsory licensing: Yes
Expiry date for exemption from compulsory licensing: 2020-11-16
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2038-11-16

Note: The applicant has requested an exemption from compulsory licensing to allow time to multiply and distribute propagating material of the variety. If the exemption is granted, it may be allowed for two years from the date rights are granted for the variety.


Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Tulameen'

Summary: The plant growth habit of 'Sapphire' is semi-upright whereas the plant growth habit of 'Tulameen' is upright. The plants of 'Sapphire' have few current season canes whereas the plants of 'Tulameen' have many current season canes. The dormant cane of 'Sapphire' is shorter than the dormant cane of 'Tulameen'. The colour of the dormant cane of 'Sapphire' is greyish brown whereas the dormant cane of 'Tulameen' is brown. The upper side of the leaf of 'Sapphire' is medium green whereas the leaf of 'Tulameen' is light green. The predominant number of leaflets per leaf is five for 'Sapphire' whereas the predominant number of leaflets per leaf is three for 'Tulameen'. The leaf of 'Sapphire' has weak rugosity whereas the leaf of 'Tulameen' has a medium degree of rugosity. The number of spines on the pedicel of 'Sapphire' is medium whereas the number of spines on the pedicel of 'Tulameen' is absent or very few. The intensity of anthocyanin colouration of the peduncle is absent for 'Sapphire' whereas the intensity is weak for 'Tulameen'. The flower of 'Sapphire' is medium sized whereas the flower of 'Tulameen' is small. The fruit of 'Sapphire' is long and broad whereas the fruit of 'Tulameen' is of medium length and medium width. The fruit of 'Sapphire' is firm whereas the fruit of 'Tulameen' is of medium firmness. On the previous season's cane, flowering and fruit ripening begin mid-season for 'Sapphire' whereas flowering and fruit ripening begin early for 'Tulameen'. On the current season's cane, fruit ripening begins early for 'Sapphire' whereas fruit ripening begins mid-season for 'Tulameen'.

Description:

PLANT: semi-upright growth habit, few current season shoots, mainly bears fruit on previous season's cane in summer only, vegetative bud burst occurs mid-season
VERY YOUNG SHOOT: no anthocyanin colouration of apex during rapid growth
CURRENT SEASON'S CANE: emerges early to mid-season, absent or very weak degree of glaucosity, absent or very weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration, short internode
PREVIOUS SEASON'S CANE: medium length, greyish brown
SPINES: sparse, small base, short, brownish purple

PEDICEL: medium number of spines
LEAF: medium green upper side, predominantly five leaflets, weak rugosity, relative position of lateral leaflets is touching
LEAFLET: concave profile in cross-section

FLOWERING: begins mid-season on previous season's cane
PEDUNCLE: no anthocyanin colouration
FLOWER: medium size

FRUITING LATERAL: horizontal to drooping attitude
FRUIT: begins ripening mid-season on previous season's cane, long, broad, length to width ratio is medium, trapezoidal shape in lateral view, medium red, medium degree of glossiness, firm, moderate adherence to plug
DRUPE: medium size

Origin & Breeding History: 'Sapphire' originated from a controlled cross pollination conducted in 2002 at Five Aces Breeding, in the USA, between the variety 'Octavia', as the female parent, and a selection designated 'XFU-12VF', as the male parent. From the resulting progeny, 'Sapphire' was selected in 2009 from a seedling field in Faversham, Kent, United Kingdom, for its high yield, ease of harvest, medium fruiting laterals, and the appearance, firmness, cohesiveness, flavour, and large size of the fruit. 'Sapphire' is propagated vegetatively by root cuttings and tissue culture.

Tests & Trials: The comparative trial for 'Sapphire' was conducted outdoors at Novafruit in Saint-Paul d'Abbotsford, Québec, in 2017. In total, there were 30 pants of the candidate variety and 41 plants of the reference variety. The trial consisted of three replicates per variety. The plants were placed in rows that were 20 m long with 2 m between rows, which resulted in 3.55 plants per m. The measurements were taken from 20 plants or 20 parts of plants of each variety.


Comparison table for 'Sapphire' with reference variety 'Tulameen'

Dormant cane length (cm)

  'Sapphire' 'Tulameen'
mean 91.2 112.0
std. deviation 21.3 16.7

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Sapphire
Raspberry: 'Sapphire' (right) with reference variety 'Tulameen' (left)

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Sapphire
Raspberry: 'Sapphire' (right) with reference variety 'Tulameen' (left)

Click on image for larger view
Sapphire
Raspberry: 'Sapphire' (left) with reference variety 'Tulameen' (right)

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