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Denomination: 'Sandeal'
Botanical Name: Sanvitalia
Applicant/Holder: Syngenta Seeds B.V.
P.O. Box 2
1600 AA
Breeder: Theodorus C. M. van Kleinwee, Syngenta Seeds B.V., Enkhuizen, Netherlands
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-317-7511
Application Date: 2006-11-09
Application Number: 06-5663
Date Withdrawn: 2008-07-30

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Santanis' (Cuzco Compact Yellow)

Summary: 'Sandeal' has less primary branching but more secondary branching than 'Santanis'. 'Sandeal' has medium anthocyanin colouration on the stem while 'Santanis' has weak anthocyanin colouration on the stem. 'Sandeal' has a longer leaf blade than 'Santanis'. The ray florets of 'Sandeal' have more recurvature of the tip than the reference variety.


PLANT: vegetatively propagated annual, semi-upright to spreading, medium degree of branching, strong degree of secondary branching

STEM: light green and red-brown, medium anthocyanin colouration, medium pubescence, thin, smooth surface

LEAF: opposite arrangement, simple type
LEAF BLADE: narrow elliptic to oblong shape, obtuse apex, obtuse base, entire margin, medium pubescence on upper side, absent or very sparse pubescence on lower side, medium to dark green upper side, light green lower side, no variegation, petioles present

SEPAL: broad ovate/rhombic shape
RAY FLORET: average count 14.8, narrow elliptic and/or oblong shape, acute and rounded apex, weak recurvature of tip, entire margin, yellow orange (RHS 14A) upper side, yellow (RHS 5A) on lower side with light green (RHS 144B) longitudinal strips

Origin & Breeding History: 'Sandeal' originated from a controlled cross made in 2001, in Enkhuizen, The Netherlands. The female parent in the cross is identified as A178A-1 and the male parent an unidentified plant. The new variety 'Sandeal' was selected from the resultant progeny as a single plant in April 2002. Clones were tested in 2003 for greenhouse and field performance, plant habit, branching, flower colour and size and continuity. Asexual reproduction by cuttings was first conducted in April 2002.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials were conducted in a polyhouse during the summer of 2007 in St. Thomas, Ontario. Trials included 15 plants of each variety. Rooted cuttings were transplanted into 11 cm pots on April 23, 2007. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety on June 18, 2007. All colour measurements were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison table for 'Sandeal' with reference variety 'Santanis'

Leaf blade length (cm)

  'Sandeal' 'Santanis'
mean 3.3 2.8
std. deviation 0.25 0.28

Click on image for larger view
Sanvitalia: 'Sandeal' (left) with reference variety 'Santanis' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Sanvitalia: 'Sandeal' (left) with reference variety 'Santanis' (right)

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