|Botanical Name:||Glycine max|
Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.
8305 NW 62nd Avenue
P.O. Box 7060
United States of America
Nadia Krasheninnik, Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc., Moorhead, United States of America
|Agent in Canada:||
Pioneer Hi-Bred Production LP
379 Springbank Ave.
P.O. Box 23040
|Grant of Rights Date:||2013-12-23|
|Date rights surrendered:||2015-12-23|
Varieties used for comparison: '90M01', '90Y30' and '26-10RY'
Summary: '90Y21' flowers earlier than '90M01' and '26-10RY'. The hairs on the middle of the stem of '90Y21' are grey while they are tawny for '90Y30'. When 50% of the pods are ripe, '90Y21' has a shorter plant height than '26-10RY'. The seed shape of '90Y21' is elongate while it is spherical rounded for '90Y30' and spherical flattened for '90M01' and '26-10RY'. '90Y21' has a yellow hilum while the hilum is imperfect yellow for '90Y30' and grey for '26-10RY'. '90Y21' matures earlier than '26-10RY' but later than '90Y30'.
HYPOCOTYL: strong intensity of anthocyanin colouration
PLANT: oilseed type, indeterminate growth type, erect to semi-erect growth habit, grey pubescence
LEAF: medium green colour, pointed ovate lateral leaflet
SEED: elongate shape, dull lustre, yellow ground colour of testa, 19.7 grams per 100 seed at 13-15 % moisture
HILUM: yellow, normal abscission layer
AGRONOMICS: 2575 heat unit rating
QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS: 41.0 % protein, 21.6 % oil
Origin & Breeding History: '90Y21' (experimental designations XB02U10, PH10005) is the result of a cross made in 2003/2004 between 'YB01D05' and '90M01' in Chile. The modified single seed descent method and pedigree method were used to develop the variety. The F1-F2 generations were grown in Puerto Rico. The F3 generation was grown in Chile. The F3:4 generation onward was grown in Minnesota and advanced based on yield for single plants and progeny rows. Single plant purification occurred in 2007/2008 in Chile. Wide area testing continued from 2008-2010 in the USA and Canada. Selection criteria included yield, maturity, resistance to Roundup branded herbicides and to Phytophthora megasperma and Iron Chlorosis on calcareous soils.
Tests & Trials: Test and trials were conducted in Monkton, Ontario during the 2011 growing season. Plots consisted of 2 rows with a row length of 4 meters and a row spacing of 76 cm. There were 3 replicates. Results were supported by the official technical examination report 201000567, purchased from the Plant Variety Protection Office, Beltsville, Maryland, USA.
Comparison tables for '90Y21' with reference varieties '90M01', '90Y30' and '26-10RY'
Days to flowering
Plant height (when 50% of pods are ripe) (cm)
Days to maturity
Click on image for larger view
Soybean: '90Y21' (centre left) with reference varieties '90M01' (far left), '90Y30' (centre right) and '26-10RY' (far right)
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