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Denomination: 'Balazdare'
Trade name: Aztec Dark Red
Botanical Name: Glandularia ×hybrida
Applicant/Holder: Ball Horticultural Company
622 Town Road
West Chicago, Illinois
United States of America
Breeder: Ball Horticultural Company, West Chicago, United States of America
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-317-7511
Application Date: 2007-04-12
Application Number: 07-5882
Grant of Rights Date: 2009-10-06
Certificate Number: 3658
Date rights surrendered: 2012-09-27

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Balazreve' (Aztec Dark Red) and 'Redana' (Tukana Deep Red)

Summary: 'Balazdare' has a more upright growth habit than 'Redana'. The plant width of 'Balazdare' is narrower than 'Redana'. 'Balazdare' has a slightly longer corolla tube than 'Balazreve'. The corolla diameter of 'Balazdare' is smaller than 'Balazreve'. 'Balazdare' has a stronger undulation of the corolla margin than 'Redana'. The diameter of the corolla eye in 'Balazdare' is smaller than in 'Balazreve'. 'Balazdare' has a pink corolla eye while it is green yellow in 'Balazreve'.


PLANT: upright growth habit, medium to tall height, narrow width
STEM: light green, medium anthocyanin colouration on middle third

LEAF BLADE: medium length, narrow, lanceolate to ovate shape, truncate to cuneate base, not divided, dentate margin, medium green on upper side, no anthocyanin colouration on upper side
PETIOLE: short

INFLORESCENCE: medium to large diameter, cylindrical to broad ovate in profile
CALYX: anthocyanin colouration on teeth only
COROLLA: medium to large diameter, one colour, shaded colour pattern, lighter colour towards apex of corolla lobes, red (RHS 45B) with dark purple red (RHS 46A) at base on upper side, weakly fading change in colour with age, dark pink red (RHS 53C-D) on lower side
COROLLA LOBES: free, mostly straight along longitudinal axis, medium to strong undulation of margin
COROLLA TUBE: long, tip of protruding hairs is pink
COROLLA EYE: very small diameter, pink

Origin & Breeding History: 'Balazdare' originated from a cross pollination between the female parent 'BFP 2465A' and the male parent 'Balazreve' conducted on August 15, 2004 at Arroyo Grande, California, USA. The initial selection was made on January 10, 2005 based on the selection criteria of flower colour, growth habit and early flowering characteristics.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials were conducted in a poly house in the spring of 2008 in St. Thomas, Ontario. There were 15 plants of each variety individually grown in 12 cm plastic pots. All colour measurements were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Balazdare' with reference varieties 'Balazreve' and 'Redana'

Plant width (cm)

  'Balazdare' 'Balazreve' 'Redana'
mean 44.2 39.8 64.4
std. deviation 2.47 3.39 6.27

Corolla diameter (mm)

  'Balazdare' 'Balazreve' 'Redana'
mean 23.1 26.3 20.8
std. deviation 1.36 1.22 1.72

Click on image for larger view
Verbena: 'Balazdare' (left) with reference varieties 'Balazreve' (centre) and 'Redana' (right)

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