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Denomination: 'Poena'
Botanical Name: Glandularia ×hybrida
Applicant/Holder: Syngenta Crop Protection AG
Schwarzwaldallee 215
Breeder: Har Stemkens, Syngenta Seeds B.V., Enkhuizen, Netherlands
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-317-7511
Application Date: 2006-11-20
Application Number: 07-6045
Date Withdrawn: 2010-01-25

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Sunmaricorapi' (Temari Bright Pink) and 'USBENAL20' (Superbena Pink Shades)

Summary: The plants of 'Poena' are narrower than those of 'USBENAL20'. 'Poena' has narrower leaves than 'Sunmaricorapi'. 'Poena' has incurved corolla lobes while both reference varieties have straight corolla lobes. The margins of the corolla lobes of 'Poena' have medium undulation while those of both reference varieties have weak undulation. 'Poena' has even colour on the corolla while both reference varieties have shaded colour which gets lighter towards the apex of the lobes. The upper sides of the corolla of 'Poena' differ in colour from those of both reference varieties. 'Poena' has a whitish green corolla eye while 'USBENAL20' has a purple eye.


PLANT: semi-upright to creeping growth habit
STEM: dense pubescence, medium green colour, weak to strong anthocyanin colouration

LEAF BLADE: ovate, cuneate base, no divisions, crenate margin incisions, medium green on upper side, no anthocyanin colouration

INFLORESCENCE: broad ovate in profile
CALYX: no anthocyanin colouration
COROLLA: one coloured on upper side, even colour pattern, purple red (RHS N66A) on upper side when newly opened, purple red (RHS N66B) on upper side when fully opened, blue pink (RHS N66C) with light blue violet (RHS 69C) at base on lower side, moderately fading colour with age
COROLLA LOBES: free to touching, incurved longitudinal axis, medium undulation of margin
COROLLA TUBE: white tip of protruding hairs
COROLLA EYE: small, whitish green

Origin & Breeding History: 'Poena' originated from a pollination between the female parent F0132-1 and pollen from unidentified plants of Verbena x hybrida conducted in August 2003. The new variety was bred and developed by the breeder Har Stemkens in Enkhuizen, The Netherlands. 'Poena' was selected as a single seedling in May 2004 based on branching habit, flowering time, flower size, no seed set and heat tolerance. Asexual reproduction by cuttings was first conducted in August 2004 in Enkhuizen, The Netherlands.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Poena' were conducted in a polyhouse during the spring of 2009, in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included a total of 15 plants each of the candidate and reference varieties. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings transplanted into 11 cm pots on May 6, 2009. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety on June 2, 2009. All colour determinations were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Poena' with reference varieties 'Sunmaricorapi' and 'USBENAL20'

Plant width (cm)

  'Poena' 'Sunmaricorapi' 'USBENAL20'
mean 28.4 29.9 36.5
std. deviation 3.53 3.88 6.39

Leaf width (cm)

  'Poena' 'Sunmaricorapi' 'USBENAL20'
mean 18.7 23.7 18.7
std. deviation 2.58 3.89 2.11

Colour of upper side of corolla (RHS)

  'Poena' 'Sunmaricorapi' 'USBENAL20'
newly opened N66A N/A more pink than N74A with N74B at apex
fully opened N66B 58B with 58C at margin N74B with 73A at apex

Click on image for larger view
Verbena: 'Poena' (left) with reference varieties 'Sunmaricorapi' (center) and 'USBENAL20' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Verbena: 'Poena' (left) with reference varieties 'Sunmaricorapi' (center) and 'USBENAL20' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Verbena: 'Poena' (left) with reference varieties 'Sunmaricorapi' (center) and 'USBENAL20' (right)

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