Canada's role in international plant protection
International Plant Protection Convention
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is Canada's representative to the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). Canada is a Contracting Party to the IPPC, an international treaty that establishes a common approach to preventing the introduction and spread of plant pests, and promotes appropriate measures for their control.
The work of the IPPC Secretariat is governed by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), which adopts International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs). The IPPC Secretariat coordinates the activities of the Convention and is hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
North American Plant Protection Organization
Canada is a member of North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO), a trilateral Regional Plant Protection Organization established under the IPPC. NAPPO's mission is to provide a forum for public and private sectors in Canada, the United States and Mexico to collaborate in developing science-based standards to protect agricultural, forest and other plant resources against regulated plant pests, while facilitating trade. This mission includes developing Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (RSPM).
Each year, the IPPC and NAPPO conducts consultations with contracting parties on draft ISPMs and RSPMs. Canada has the opportunity to review and comment on draft ISPMs and Diagnostic and Treatment Protocols. The CFIA is responsible for submitting comments on behalf of Canada to the IPPC. IPPC member consultation for draft ISPMs is open for 90 days. It started on July 1, 2019 and ended on September 30, 2019.
Additional IPPC and NAPPO information
- International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (adopted standards)
- International Plant Protection Convention (text of the convention)
- IPPC contracting parties and links to their NPPO official contact points
- NAPPO's Phytosanitary Alert System
- NAPPO's Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures
- Regional Plant Protection Organizations
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