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Former - Food additives
Food colours

Colours that are acceptable for use as food additives are listed in the list of permitted colouring agents.

Most food colours must meet the specifications set out in the Food Chemical Codex (FCC) or the specifications of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). The two food colours Ponceau SX and Citrus Red No. 2 must meet the specifications set out in Division 6 of the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR). In the case where no FDR, FCC or JECFA specifications exist for a specific food colour, it must contain no more than 3 parts per million of arsenic, and 10 parts per million of lead [B.01.045, FDR].

Colours are permitted to be declared in the list of ingredients of a prepackaged product by using the names in Health Canada's list of permitted colouring agents as common names, or by using the collective class name "colour" [B.01.010(1)(b), item 3, FDR].

Rules surrounding the use of colours include:

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