Former - Elements within the Nutrition Facts Table
Sugars include all mono- and disaccharides, including sucrose, fructose, glucose, glucose-fructose, maltose, etc. Sugars must be declared in the Nutrition Facts table as "sugars" and are only permitted to be expressed by their total value [item 11 in table following B.01.401, FDR].
Sugar alcohols include isomalt, lactitol, maltitol, maltitol syrup, mannitol, sorbitol, sorbitol syrup, xylitol and erythritol. Declarations of sugar alcohol content should not include the amount of water present in maltitol syrup and sorbitol syrup.
Declaration of Sugar Alcohols
Sugar alcohols can only be listed individually by name if there is only one present. Otherwise, they must be declared in the NFT as "sugar alcohols" or "polyols" [item 12 in table following B.01.402, FDR].
Declaration of Sugar Alcohols from Hydrogenated Starch Hydrolysates (HSH)
Hydrogenated starch hydrolysates (HSH) are a blend of sugar alcohols and higher polysaccharides. Section B.01.402 (6) of the FDR requires the amount of any added sugar alcohols to be declared in the Nutrition Facts table. Since HSH is a mixture, the amount of sugar alcohols declared would reflect the contribution from sugar alcohols in the blend.
The declaration for starch does not include dietary fibre. Starch may be analyzed directly, or calculated by difference. If analyzed directly, the carbohydrate components may not necessarily add up to 100%.
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