Food additives or classes of food additives can only be used in certain foods. Health Canada's 15 lists of permitted food additives indicate which standardized and unstandardized foods can contain a given food additive.
There are specifications in the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) for certain food additives. If there are no food additive specifications under the FDR, food additives, including most food colours must comply with specifications set out in the Food Chemical Codex (FCC) or the specifications of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) [B.01.045, FDR].
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