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Food safety testing bulletin

This Bulletin is a monthly publication of the latest reports on food safety testing.

One of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) top priorities is to protect consumers by safeguarding Canada's food supply. The Agency verifies that industry is meeting federal food safety requirements and conducts sampling and testing to detect food safety risks.

Monitoring the levels of chemical and microbiological hazards in the food supply helps CFIA identify food safety hazards and develop risk management strategies to minimize potential risks to Canadians.

When non-compliance is found, CFIA takes appropriate action. These actions may include notifying the manufacturer or importer, requesting a corrective action, additional inspections, conducting further directed sampling or product seizure and/or recall.

November 2020

Allergen reports

Find a food safety report

Published date Years studied Report title Report type
2020-11-18 2018-2019 Undeclared Milk in Milk Alternative Products 2018 to 2019
A targeted survey analyzed 252 samples of milk alternative products for undeclared milk. Milk protein (beta-lactoglobulin and casein) was found in 6 samples. The CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions which resulted in a total of 3 recalls.
Chemical residue
2020-11-18 2017-2018 Undeclared Allergens in Drink Mixes 2017 to 2018
In a targeted survey of 360 samples of drink mixes, 25 samples were found to contain undeclared allergens (milk protein (beta-lactoglobulin and casein), gluten, egg and soy). The CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions which resulted in a total of 6 recalls.
Chemical residue
2020-11-18 2017-2018 Undeclared Gluten in Infant Foods 2017 to 2018
A targeted survey analyzed 600 samples of infant foods for undeclared gluten. Undeclared gluten was found in 10 samples. The CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions, including a recall of 1 product.
Chemical residue
2020-11-18 2015-2016 Undeclared Allergens in Seed, Legume and Peanut-Based Butters 2015 to 2016
A targeted survey analyzed 248 samples of seed, legume and peanut-based butters for undeclared allergens. None of the samples were found to contain undeclared allergens.
Chemical residue
2020-11-18 2015-2016 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Processed Fish and Seafood 2015 to 2016
In a targeted survey of 600 samples of processed fish and seafood, 26 samples were found to contain undeclared allergens (milk protein (beta-lactoglobulin), gluten, egg and soy). The CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions which resulted in a total of 14 recalls.
Chemical residue
2020-10-07 2018-2019 Toxic Metals in Selected Foods 2018 to 2019
A targeted survey analyzed 985 samples of selected foods for the presence of toxic metals (arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury). Samples included bran products, infant formula, meal replacement products (ready-to-serve beverage and beverage mixes), protein powders and rice products. 70% of the samples contained 1 or more tested metals. It was determined that levels of arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury found in the positive samples were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-10-07 2016-2017 Pesticides and Metals in Grain Products and Ready-to-Eat Meals 2016 to 2017
A targeted survey analyzed 3998 samples of grain-based products and ready-to-eat (RTE) meals such as pizza, soup and complete toddler meals for the presence of pesticides and metals (lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury). Pesticides were detected in 30% of the samples and tested metals were detected in 89% of the samples. It was determined that levels of pesticides as well as levels of lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury found in the positive samples were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-10-07 2018-2019 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Tea and Flavoured Tea 2018 to 2019
A targeted survey analyzed 199 samples of tea and flavoured tea for undeclared allergens and gluten. Undeclared allergens and gluten were found in 12 samples. None of the positive samples represented a health risk for consumers. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-10-07 2015-2019 Undeclared Allergens in Bakery Products 2015 to 2019
In a targeted survey of 687 samples of bakery products, 28 samples were found to contain undeclared allergens (milk protein (beta-lactoglobulin and casein), egg, peanut and sesame). CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions , including a recall of 1 product.
Chemical residue
2020-09-09 2017 Children's Food Project Annual Report 2017
Each year, under the Children's Food Project (CFP), the CFIA tests levels of chemical residues and contaminants in foods frequently consumed by, and targeted to, infants and children. In the 2017 CFP, a total of 534 samples of infant foods were tested for pesticide residues and metals. Samples included infant cereal, fruit and vegetable purees, infant and toddler grain-based snacks and juices. The CFP results indicated that the regulatory compliance rate for all infant food tested for pesticides and metals was 99.8%. It was determined that levels of lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury found in the samples were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue, Annual
2020-09-09 2018-2019 Ethyl Carbamate in Alcoholic Beverages and Vinegars 2018 to 2019
Ethyl carbamate (EC) is a chemical that unintentionally forms during the fermentation process. A targeted survey analyzed 390 samples of alcoholic beverages and vinegars for EC and it was detected in 9.5% of the samples. The levels found in the survey were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-09-09 2018-2019 Pesticides and Metals in Selected Foods 2018 to 2019
A targeted survey analyzed 3348 samples of selected foods for the presence of pesticides and metals. Samples included grain, nut/seed and vegetable-based products. Pesticides were detected in 40% of the samples and metals were detected in 77% of the samples. It was determined that levels of pesticides as well as levels of lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury found in the positive samples were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-09-09 2015-2016 and 2017-2018 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Herb and Spice Products 2015 to 2016 and 2017 to 2018
Two separate targeted surveys analyzed 598 and 359 samples respectively of herb and spice products for undeclared allergens. Of the 598 herb samples, 34% were found to contain at least 1 undeclared allergen. Of the 359 spice product samples, 23% were found to contain at least 1 undeclared allergen. CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions which resulted in a total of 6 recalls.
Chemical residue
2020-08-12 2018-2019 Ochratoxin A in Wheat Products, Oat Products, Rice Products and Other Grain Products 2018 to 2019
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a toxin released by mould that can grow on agricultural products as a result of warm and wet climate conditions during storage. A targeted survey analyzed 495 samples of wheat products, oat products, rice products and other grain products for OTA. OTA was detected in 45% of the samples. The levels found in the survey were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-07-08 2018-2019 National Microbiological Monitoring Program and Food Safety Oversight Program Annual Report 2018 to 2019
Each year, under the National Microbiological Monitoring Program (NMMP) and Food Safety Oversight Program (FSO), the CFIA tests a broad range of domestic and imported food products in Canada for the presence of microbial hazards. This testing covers red meat and poultry products, shell eggs and egg products, dairy products, fish and seafood, fresh fruit and vegetables, processed fruit and vegetable products and manufactured food products. Test results from foods tested under the NMMP and FSO during the 2018and 19 fiscal year are summarized in the 2018 and 2019 NMMP and FSO Annual Report. The NMMP results indicated that 99.7% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 99.9% of domestic products and 99.2% of imported products being compliant. The FSO results indicated that 99.6% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 98.2% of domestic products, 99.9% of imported products and 100% of unknown origin products being compliant.
Microbiology, Annual
2020-07-08 2018-2019 Children's Food Project Annual Report 2018 to 2019
Each year, under the Children's Food Project (CFP), the CFIA tests levels of chemical residues and contaminants in foods frequently consumed by, and targeted to, infants and children. In the 2018 and2019 CFP, a total of 143 samples of infant foods were tested for pesticide residues, veterinary drug residues, metals and aflatoxin M1 (in dairy based samples). Samples included dairy and soy infant formula, pasta, baby and toddler meals containing meat, baby and toddler meals containing dairy and pureed infant food containing meat. The CFP results indicated that the regulatory compliance rate for all infant food tested for pesticides and veterinary drug residues was 100% and while there are no Canadian limits for aflatoxin M1, 100% of samples were below set international limits. It was also determined that levels of lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury found in the samples were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue, Annual
2020-07-08 2015-2017 Analysis of Glyphosate Residues in Foods from the Canadian Retail Markets 2015 to 2017
Since May 2015, the CFIA has been monitoring the compliance of pesticide residues (including glyphosate) to Canadian regulations. The monitoring is part of the CFIA's ongoing work to promote food safety, enhance inspection activities and update scientific testing methods. Glyphosate monitoring data from samples taken between May 1, 2015, and March 31, 2017, was included in a scientific paper published in a peer-reviewed journal. The paper provides an analysis of the trends in the prevalence and levels of glyphosate in a variety of foods, both domestic and imported. A total of 7955 samples of fresh fruits and vegetables, milled grain products, pulse products and finished foods were tested for glyphosate residues. Results showed that 99.4% of products sampled were compliant with Canadian regulations. It was determined that there was no health risk to consumers from exposure to the levels of glyphosate in the foods tested.
Chemical residue
2020-07-08 2018-2019 Bacterial Pathogens in Cold Brewed Coffee 2018 to 2019
A targeted survey analyzed 59 samples of cold brewed coffee for the following bacteria: Salmonella species (spp.), Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157, Aerobic Colony Count (ACC) and generic E. coli. No Salmonella spp., E. coli O157 and generic E. coli were found in any of the samples. ACC was found in 15 samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities. No product recalls were required.
Microbiology
2020-06-10 2016-2017 Undeclared Hazelnut and Almond in Milk Alternative Products 2016 to 2017
A targeted survey analyzed 400 samples of milk alternative products for undeclared hazelnut and almond. None of the samples tested were found to contain any undeclared hazelnut or almond.
Chemical residue
2020-06-10 2016-2017 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Ready-to-Eat/Heat and Serve Meals 2016 to 2017
In a targeted survey of 498 samples of ready-to-eat/heat and serve meals, 14 samples were found to contain undeclared allergens (peanut, gluten and egg). CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions which resulted in 2 recalls.
Chemical residue
2020-06-10 2014-2015 Undeclared Allergens in Flavour Packets 2014 to 2015
A targeted survey analyzed 993 samples of flavour packets for undeclared allergens and 19% of the samples were found to contain at least 1 undeclared allergen (gluten, soy, mustard, sesame, peanut, almond, hazelnut, egg or milk). CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions which resulted in 10 recalls.
Chemical residue
2020-05-13 2015-2019 Sulphites in Selected Foods 2015 to 2019
As part of the Food Safety Oversight Monitoring Program (FSO), 593 samples of fresh cut fruit, fruit salads, canned and pre-packaged fruit and 1,177 samples of imported fresh fruit were tested for sulphites. All 593 samples of fresh cut fruit, fruit salads, canned and pre-packaged fruit were found to be free of sulphites. Of the 1,177 samples of imported fresh fruit, 87 were found to contain sulphites. CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions which resulted in 2 recalls.
Chemical residue
2020-05-13 2016-2017 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Meal Replacements and Nutritional Supplements 2016 to 2017
In a targeted survey of 300 samples of meal replacements and nutritional supplements, 2 samples were found to contain undeclared allergens. CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions on all positive samples which resulted in 1 recall of a meal replacement (containing undeclared egg) that was determined to represent a health risk to consumers.
Chemical residue
2020-05-13 2016-2017 Undeclared Allergens in Refrigerated Dips and Spreads 2016 to 2017
A targeted survey analyzed 400 samples of refrigerated dips and spreads for undeclared allergens. Undeclared allergens were found in 14 samples. None of the positive samples represented a health risk to consumers. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-04-15 2016-2019 Bacterial Pathogens, Viruses and Parasites in Various Food Commodities 2016 to 2019
The CFIA has issued an interim report as a proactive means of sharing preliminary test results related to a suite of on-going targeted surveys. The surveys investigate the presence of bacterial pathogens, viruses and parasites in a variety of food commodities. A total of 18,040 samples were analysed and 99% of the samples were found to be satisfactory. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for all positive samples which resulted in facility inspections, additional sampling and/or product recalls. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples. Final reports will be provided in the future after the targeted surveys have been completed.
Microbiology
2020-04-15 2018-2019 Bacterial Pathogens in Flavoured Butter 2018 to 2019
A targeted survey analyzed 58 samples of flavoured butter for the bacterial pathogens Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), Salmonella species (spp.), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and generic Escherichia coli (E. coli). All samples tested were free of bacterial pathogens.
Microbiology
2020-04-15 2014-2018 Bacterial Pathogens in Raw Milk Cheese 2014 to 2018
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in raw milk cheese analyzed 2,009 samples for Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157. Of the 2,009 samples, 1,723 samples were tested for generic E. coli, Salmonella species (spp.), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes). No Salmonella spp., E. coli O157 or generic E. coli were found in any of the samples. S. aureus was found in 6 samples and L. monocytogenes was found in 2 samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities which resulted in recalls.
Microbiology
2020-04-15 2014-2015 Undeclared Gluten in Candy 2014 to 2015
A targeted survey analyzed 586 samples of candy for undeclared gluten. Undeclared gluten was found in 4 samples. Only 1 of the positive samples was determined to represent a health risk. The CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions which resulted in a recall.
Chemical residue
2020-03-09 2014-2015 Undeclared Sulphites in Dried Tea 2014 to 2015
A targeted survey analyzed 473 samples of dried tea for undeclared sulphites. Undeclared sulphites were found in 3 samples. None of the positive samples represented a health risk to consumers. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-03-09 2018-2019 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Selected Foods 2018 to 2019
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are products of the incomplete combustion of materials such as coal, oil, gas, wood and charbroiled meat. They can form in food during high-temperature processing and are also common airborne pollutants and can contaminate crops. A targeted survey of selected foods for PAHs was carried out on 287 samples which included domestic and imported baked goods, oils and roasted vegetable products. PAHs were detected in 46% of the samples. The levels found in the survey were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-03-09 2018-2019 Bisphenol A and BPA Alternatives in Selected Canned Foods and Infant Formula 2018 to 2019
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used to make epoxy resins used in food canning and hard plastic containers. Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) epoxy resins are used to coat the inside of cans to prevent direct contact between the food and the metal. A targeted survey of selected canned foods and infant formula for BPA, BADGE and BPA alternatives was carried out on 381 samples which included domestic and imported coconut milk, pie filling, tomato-based sauces and infant formula. BPA was detected in 43% of the samples and BADGE was detected in 12% of the samples. The levels found in the survey were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required. No BPA alternatives (Bisphenol F and Bisphenol S) were detected in the samples.
Chemical residue
2019-10-24 2018-2019 Furan, 2-methylfuran and 3-methylfuran in Selected Foods 2018 to 2019
Furans are chemicals that can unintentionally form in foods that undergo heat treatment. A targeted survey of selected foods for furans was carried out on 250 samples which included domestic and imported canned fish, canned meats, canned milks, dried beverage mixes, dried dairy products and soy sauce. Furans were detected in 70% of the samples. It was determined that levels found in this survey were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2020-01-13 2018-2019 Tropane Alkaloids in Canola-Based Condiments, Fats and Oils 2018 to 2019
Tropane alkaloids are natural toxins produced by numerous plant families. A targeted survey analyzed 300 samples of canola-based condiments, fats and oils for tropane alkaloids (atropine and scopolamine). Atropine was not detected in any of the samples. Six samples were found to contain low levels of scopolamine. It was determined that the levels of scopolamine observed in this survey do not pose a human health concern. The CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions such as further testing. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2019-12-18 2018-2019 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Halloween-Themed Candies and Chocolate Products 2018 to 2019
In a targeted survey of 356 samples of Halloween-themed candies and chocolate products, 10 samples were found to contain undeclared allergens. CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions on all positive samples which resulted in product recalls of 4 Halloween-themed candies containing milk (beta-lactoglobulin and casein) that were determined to represent a health risk to consumers.
Chemical residue
2018-12-05 2017-2018 Undeclared Allergens in Coffee Products 2017 to 2018
In a targeted survey of 360 samples of coffee products, 6 samples were found to contain undeclared allergens. Samples included ground, instant and single serve coffee. Allergens analyzed included milk (beta-lactoglobulin and casein), egg, almond, hazelnut, peanut, sesame and soy as well as gluten. None of the positive samples were determined to represent a health risk.
Chemical residue
2019-12-18 2016-2017 Undeclared Gluten and Sesame in Salty Snacks and Crackers 2016 to 2017
A targeted survey analyzed 500 samples of salty snacks and crackers for undeclared gluten and sesame. Undeclared gluten was found in 3 samples. None of the positive samples were determined to represent a health risk to consumers. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2019-11-25 2016-2017 Undeclared Gluten in Products Containing Gluten-Free Oats 2016 to 2017
A targeted survey analyzed 300 samples of products containing gluten-free oats for undeclared gluten and 8 of the samples tested were found to contain undeclared gluten. None of the positive samples were determined to represent a health risk to consumers. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2019-11-25 2015-2016 Aflatoxins in Selected Spices, Oilseeds, Rice and Rice Products 2015 to 2016
A targeted survey analyzed 981 samples of selected spices, oilseeds, rice and rice products for aflatoxins. Detectable levels of aflatoxins were found in 11% of samples tested. It was determined that levels found in this survey were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2019-10-24 2015-2016 Coumarin in Cinnamon, Cinnamon-Containing Foods and Licorice Flavoured Foods 2015 to 2016
Coumarin is a natural compound found in plants and has been used as a flavouring agent in the food and cosmetic industries for many years. CFIA carried out a targeted survey which tested 747 samples of cinnamon, cinnamon-containing foods and licorice flavoured foods for coumarin. Samples included baked goods, cinnamon, spice mixes and tea. Coumarin was detected in 90% of the samples tested. It was determined that the levels of coumarin observed in this survey would not pose a human health concern; therefore, no follow-up actions were required.
Chemical residue
2018-10-03 2015-2016 Deoxynivalenol in Selected Grains and Pulses 2015 to 2016
A targeted survey analyzed the levels of deoxynivalenol (DON) in 997 samples of selected grains and pulses. Detectable levels of DON were found in 46% of samples tested. It was determined that levels found in this survey were considered safe for consumption by Canadians. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2019-04-17 2015-2016 National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program and Chemistry Food Safety Oversight Program Annual Report 2015 to 2016
Each year, under the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program (NCRMP) and Chemistry Food Safety Oversight Program (FSO), the CFIA monitors various domestic and imported food products in Canada for the presence of chemical residues and contaminants. Tests for veterinary drugs, pesticides, metals, and contaminants were performed on samples of dairy products, eggs, honey, meat products, fresh fruit and vegetables, processed products and maple products. Results from foods tested under the NCRMP and FSO during the 2015-16 fiscal year are summarized in the 2015-2016 NCRMP and FSO Annual Report. These results indicated that 95.7% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian regulations and limits.
Chemical residue, Annual
2019-05-06 2015-2016 Pesticides and Metals in Beverages 2015 to 2016
A targeted survey tested 1,355 samples of beverages for pesticides and metals. Samples included domestic and imported coffee, juice, tea, water, other shelf-stable beverages, wine and beer. Pesticide residues were detected in 63% of the samples and 71% of the samples contained some level of metals. Beverages are products of agricultural commodities and may contain pesticide residues introduced from the environment or if the crops were treated with pesticides. Beverages can contain metals as a result of their natural presence in the environment. CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities which included additional testing of similar products in subsequent years and working with relevant companies to improve compliance. It was determined that levels found in this survey were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2019-08-07 2015-2016 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Frozen Desserts 2015 to 2016
A targeted survey analyzed 598 samples of frozen desserts for undeclared allergens and gluten. 10 of the samples tested were found to contain undeclared allergens and gluten. Only 2 of the positive samples were determined to represent a health risk. CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions which resulted in recalls.
Chemical residue
2019-05-06 2015-2016 Undeclared Egg, Gluten and Soy in Candy 2015 to 2016
A targeted survey analyzed 199 samples of candy for undeclared allergens. Samples included domestic and imported hard (mints, lollypops, etc.) and soft (jelly beans, gummies, etc.) candies. Allergens analyzed included egg, gluten and soy. None of the samples were found to contain any of the undeclared allergens.
Chemical residue
2018-01-25 2015-2016 Undeclared Milk and Gluten in Ready to Use Sauces 2015 to 2016
In a survey of 299 samples of ready to use sauces, no samples were found to contain gluten and only three tested positive for casein. Samples included pre-packaged sauces, marinades, and gravies without a milk or gluten claim on the label. The products were tested for beta-lactoglobulin and casein (the two proteins that indicate the presence of milk) and gluten. Two of the three positive samples were determined to represent a health risk. The CFIA took appropriate follow up actions which resulted in a recall.
Chemical residue
2019-07-17 2014-2015 Children's Food Project Annual Report 2014 to 2015
Each year, under the Children's Food Project (CFP), CFIA tests levels of chemical residues and contaminants in foods frequently consumed by, and targeted to, infants and children. In the 2014-2015 CFP, a total of 221 samples of infant foods were tested for pesticide residues, veterinary drug residues and aflatoxin M1 (in dairy based samples). Samples included infant cereals, infant formula, toddler snacks, yogurt, pureed fruits, pureed vegetables, juices, pureed fruit and vegetable combinations and pureed infant food containing meat. The CFP results indicated that the regulatory compliance rate for all infant food tested for pesticides and veterinary drug residues was 100% while it was 88% for dairy based samples tested for aflatoxins M1. CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up actions. It was determined that levels found in the CFP were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue, Annual
2019-07-17 2014-2015 Coumarin in Cinnamon-Containing Foods and Vanilla Extracts 2014 to 2015
A targeted survey tested 739 samples of cinnamon-containing foods and vanilla extracts for coumarin. Samples included cooking sauces, dried beverage mixes, cinnamon and vanilla oils and extracts, spice mixes and teas. Coumarin was detected in 63% of the samples tested. It was determined that the levels of coumarin observed in this survey would not pose a human health concern; therefore, no follow-up actions were required.
Chemical residue
2019-07-17 2014-2015 Food Colours in Beverages, Condiments, Soups, Pickled Vegetables, Dried Spices and Mixes, and Oils 2014 to 2015
A targeted survey analyzed 980 samples of beverages, condiments, soups, pickled vegetables, dried spices and mixes and oils for different food colour additives. Food colours were not detected in 85% of the samples tested. It was determined that the levels of food colours observed in this survey would not pose a human health concern. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2013-2015 Multi-Mycotoxin Analysis in Selected Foods 2013 to 2015
Mycotoxins are natural toxins released by moulds. Their human health effects vary depending on the type and level of mycotoxin in the food. A targeted survey analyzed 2,235 samples for the presence of mycotoxins. Samples included processed grain products, wheat products, corn products, and oat products. Mycotoxins where detected in 1,327 samples (59.4 per cent). All mycotoxin results in this survey were assessed by Health Canada and it was determined they do not pose a risk to human health. No product recalls were required given the lack of human health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2014-2015 National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program Annual Report 2014 to 2015
Each year, under the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program (NCRMP), the CFIA tests various domestic and imported food products in Canada for the presence of chemical residues and contaminants. Tests for veterinary drugs, pesticides, metals, and contaminants were performed on samples of dairy products, eggs, honey, meat products, fresh fruit and vegetables, processed products, and maple products. Test results from foods tested under the NCRMP during the 2014-15 fiscal year are summarized in the 2014-2015 NCRMP Annual Report. These results indicated that 96% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian regulations and limits.
Chemical residue, Annual
2020-01-13 2014-2015 Undeclared Milk, Gluten and Soy in Juice 2014 to 2015
A targeted survey analyzed 300 samples of juice for undeclared milk, gluten and soy. None of the samples tested were found to contain any undeclared milk, gluten or soy.
Chemical residue
2016-09-08 2013-2014 Aflatoxins in Corn Products, Nuts and Nut Butters, Dried Fruits, Cocoa Powder, Breads, Breakfast and Infant Cereals, and Spice Powders 2013 to 2014
Aflatoxins are naturally occurring compounds known to occur in grains, nuts, fruit and spices. In a targeted survey of 969 samples of corn, nuts and nut butter, cocoa powder, spice powder, bread, breakfast and infant cereal, and dried fruit products, most of the samples (94.7 per cent) did not contain a detectable level of aflatoxins. Health Canada determined that none of the samples posed a risk to human health and as a result, no follow up activities were required.
Chemical residue
2016-11-08 2013-2014 Bisphenol A in Canned Foods 2013 to 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used in the production of polycarbonate and epoxy resins. Food and beverage packaging, especially metal cans, may be internally coated with epoxy resins containing BPA to protect food from direct contact with packaging material. Results from a targeted survey of 391 samples of canned pastas, soups, vegetables, infant formulas, beverages, fruits, pie fillings, and curry products showed 35.5 per cent of samples did not contain detectable levels of BPA. This targeted survey had similar detection rates to previous CFIA surveys, international studies, and the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program data. Health Canada evaluated the data and determined that levels of BPA found in the remaining samples did not pose a risk to human health; therefore, no follow up actions were needed.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2013-2015 Aluminum in Baking Powders, Baking Mixes, Baked Goods, and Breads 2013 to 2015
A targeted survey analyzing 940 samples of baking powders, baking mixes, baked goods, and breads for aluminum found 99 per cent of samples contained the metal. These results were expected as aluminum occurs naturally in the environment and is expected to be present at low levels in foods. All aluminum levels were assessed by Health Canada and it was determined none of the levels detected in this survey posed a risk to human health. As a result, no product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2019-08-07 2015 Undeclared Peanut and Gluten in Cumin and Paprika 2015
In a targeted survey of 299 samples of cumin and paprika, 57 samples were found to contain undeclared gluten and/or peanut. CFIA took appropriate follow-up actions on all positive samples which resulted in a product recall of 1 gluten-containing product which exceeded allowable limits and was determined to represent a health risk to consumers.
Chemical residue
2019-07-31 2014-2015 Undeclared Peanuts in Hummus 2014 to 2015
A targeted survey analyzed 200 samples of hummus for undeclared peanuts. None of the samples tested were found to contain any undeclared peanuts.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2014-2015 Undeclared Tree Nuts in Nut Free Products 2014 to 2015
In a targeted survey of 1010 samples of prepackaged foods with a tree nut free claim on the label, only one was confirmed to contain almond protein. The CFIA took appropriate follow up actions which resulted in a recall of the product from the market.
Chemical residue
2016-08-04 2012-2014 Antimony in Selected Foods 2012 to 2014
In this targeted survey, 1,208 samples of food purchased at Canadian grocery stores were analyzed for antimony. Antimony is a metal that can be found naturally in the earth's crust and is used widely in a variety of manufacturing processes, including production of alloys, batteries, and plastics. Samples included domestic and imported beverages, nut and seed butters, condiments, frozen heat-and-serve meals, and processed fruits and vegetable products. None of the samples analyzed in this survey were found to contain a detectable level of antimony, therefore no follow up activities were necessary. The results of this survey and previously published CFIA results indicated that antimony is rarely found in food, and when found, the levels are very low.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2013-2014 Children's Food Project Report 2013 to 2014
As part of the Children's Food Project, 204 samples of pureed infant foods and juices were analyzed for pesticide residues, veterinary drug residues and metals. The overall compliance rate of the pureed infant food samples tested for pesticide and veterinary drug residues was 100%. It was determined that positive samples tested for metals were not expected to pose a concern to infant health.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2013-2014 Coumarin in Dried Beverage Mixes, Breads, Baking Mixes, Spice Mixes, Dried Tea, Baked Goods, and Breakfast Foods 2013 to 2014
Selected foods containing cinnamon were sampled in a targeted survey looking at the presence and levels of coumarin. Coumarin is a natural compound found in plants such as cinnamon that can pose a risk to human health if high levels are consumed. Samples included dried beverage mixes, breads, baking mixes, spice mixes, dried tea, baked goods, oatmeal, and breakfast cereals. A total of 749 samples were analyzed and levels of coumarin were detected in 95 per cent of the samples. Health Canada determined that the levels of coumarin observed are not expected to pose a concern to human health; therefore, no product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2016-08-05 2012-2014 Deoxynivalenol in Selected Foods 2012 to 2014
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a natural toxin that can contaminate grains and fruit. A targeted survey of 3,630 food samples showed twenty-three per cent of the samples tested did not contain detectable levels of this natural toxin. Samples in the survey included dried fruit and soy products, infant cereals and formula, and various grain products. Health Canada determined that the levels of DON detected on samples in this survey did not pose a health risk; therefore, no follow up activities were required.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2012-2014 Dioxins and Dioxin-Like Compounds in Selected Foods 2012 to 2014
Selected foods were sampled in a targeted survey looking at the presence and levels of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. These compounds are chemical contaminants found in the environment. Samples included vegetable oils and fats, dairy-containing foods, dairy butter/lard, cheese, meal replacements, protein supplements and infant formulas. A total of 1,096 samples were analyzed and levels of dioxins and/or dioxin-like compounds were detected in 98 per cent of the samples. Health Canada determined that the levels observed were not considered harmful to consumers and were safe for consumption; therefore, no product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2019-07-17 2013-2014 Food Colours in Selected Foods 2013 to 2014
A targeted survey tested 875 samples of selected foods for food colour additives. Food colours were not detected in 67% of the samples tested. It was determined that the levels of food colours observed in this survey would not pose a human health concern. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2017-07-19 2013-2014 National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program Annual Report 2013 to 2014
As part of the CFIA's annual monitoring of various food products for chemical residues, the overall compliance rate of the 2013-2014 National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program (NCRMP) report was 98.3 per cent. More than 114,000 tests for residues of veterinary drugs, pesticides, metals and other contaminants were performed on over 18,000 samples of dairy products, eggs, honey, meat products, fresh fruits and vegetables, processed products, and maple products. Overall compliance rates were high for all commodities tested and the results observed were consistent with those seen in previous years. All violations were followed-up with appropriate action.
Chemical residue, Annual
2016-05-02 2013-2014 Peanut in Snack Foods with a Peanut-Free Claim 2013 to 2014
In a targeted survey, a total of 989 samples were collected and analyzed for the presence of peanut. Samples targeted in this survey included prepackaged snack foods (chocolate, cookies, and snack bars) that had a peanut-free claim on the label. None of the 989 samples were positive for peanut. Follow-up actions were not deemed necessary given that none of the samples were positive for peanut.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2013-2014 Perchlorate in Selected Foods 2013 to 2014
A targeted survey analysed 477 samples of fresh vegetables, processed fruit and vegetable products, dairy products, infant formula, grain products, and assorted foods for perchlorate. Perchlorate is a chemical that occurs naturally in the environment and is also an environmental contaminant resulting from industrial processing. Overall, 71 per cent of fresh vegetables, 40 per cent of processed fruit and vegetable products, 80 per cent of dairy products, 54 per cent of infant formula, 30 per cent of grain products, and 61 per cent of assorted foods contained detectable levels of perchlorate. This data was shared with Health Canada to perform human health risk assessments. Health Canada concluded that the levels of perchlorate found in the samples did not pose a human health risk; therefore, no follow up activities were required.
Chemical residue
2016-06-29 2013-2014 Soy in Pre-Packaged Grain-Based Foods 2013 to 2014
In a targeted survey, a total of 388 samples were collected and analyzed for the presence of soy. Samples included a variety of prepackaged grain-based foods that did not declare soy either as an ingredient or in a precautionary statement. Products were either single ingredient (e.g., oat flour) or multiple ingredient finished foods (such as cookies). Of the 388 samples, 171 (44%) were positive for soy and nearly all of these positives were at a very low concentration. Appropriate follow-up actions were initiated that reflected the magnitude of the human health concern. Actions may include further analysis, notification to the producer or importer, follow-up inspection, additional directed sampling, a food safety investigation and recall of products.
Chemical residue
2016-10-06 2013-2014 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Chocolate 2013 to 2014
In a targeted survey, 583 samples of chocolate were collected and analyzed for 1 or more undeclared allergens (specifically soy, egg, milk (beta-lactoglobulin and casein), peanut, almond, hazelnut, and sesame) and/or gluten. Samples targeted in this survey were prepackaged chocolate (e.g., bars, chips, baking, chocolate containing additional ingredients, and cocoa powder) or chocolate-based products such as dessert toppings, nut butter blends, granola/cereal bars and crackers. Of the 583 samples tested, 34 (5.8%) were positive for 1 or more undeclared allergens and/or gluten. Excluding samples that tested positive for both milk proteins, 4 samples were found to be positive for more than 1 undeclared allergen. The CFIA initiated appropriate risk management actions. Actions may include notification to the producer or importer, follow-up inspection, additional directed sampling, a food safety investigation and recall of products.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2013-2014 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Cookies 2013 to 2014
In a targeted survey of 595 samples of prepackaged cookies, 22 were positive for one or more undeclared allergens or gluten. Allergens analyzed included: soy, egg, milk, peanut, almond, hazelnut, sesame, and gluten. All positive results were evaluated by the CFIA, taking into account the fact that not all detectable levels of undeclared allergens and gluten pose a risk to consumers. The CFIA took appropriate follow up actions based on health risk assessments by Health Canada. Follow up actions can include further inspection, additional directed sampling, a food safety investigation, and products recalls.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2013-2014 Undeclared Milk in Soy-Based Infant Formula 2013 to 2014
In a targeted survey of 199 samples of soy-based infant formula, two were positive for the milk protein casein. Samples included powder and liquid concentrate products that did not declare milk in the list of ingredients. Both positive results were evaluated by the CFIA, taking into account the fact that not all detectable levels of undeclared allergens and gluten pose a risk to consumers. The CFIA took appropriate follow up actions based on health risk assessments by Health Canada. Follow up actions can include further inspection, additional directed sampling, a food safety investigation, and products recalls.
Chemical residue
2016-09-08 2013-2014 Undeclared Soy and Gluten in Infant Cereal 2013 to 2014
In a targeted survey of 196 prepackaged infant cereals, none were found positive for soy or gluten. Samples included single and mixed grain, as well as flavoured infant cereals. Undeclared allergens in food may represent a serious or life-threatening health risk for allergic or sensitive individuals. Follow-up actions were not deemed necessary given that none of the samples were positive for soy or gluten.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2013 Acrylamide in Selected Foods 2011 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a total of 2284 food products were sampled and tested for acrylamide content. The food products were divided into 3 main categories: grain-based foods, fruit/vegetable-based foods and assorted foods (e.g. syrup/molasses, bottled water). Most of the samples tested (87%) contained detectable levels of acrylamide. It was determined that the levels of acrylamide observed in this survey would not be expected to pose a safety concern.
Chemical residue
2019-05-06 2012-2013 Aflatoxins in Selected Corn Products, Nuts, Nut Products, Raisins, Cocoa Powder, Chili Powder and Paprika 2012 to 2013
A targeted survey analyzed levels of aflatoxins in 904 samples of selected corn products, nuts, nut products, raisins, cocoa powder, chili powder and paprika. Detectable levels of aflatoxins were found in 17% of samples tested. It was determined that levels found in this survey were considered safe for consumption. No product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Mercury in Infant Formulas, Meal Replacements, and Nutritional Supplements 2012 to 2013
In this targeted survey, 291 samples of food were analyzed for arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury. Samples included meal replacement beverages, nutritional supplements, and infant formulas. Infant formulas had very low frequencies of detection and levels of all metals. Meal replacements and nutritional supplement beverages generally had higher frequencies and concentrations of detectable metals; however, the levels of arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury were consistent with past targeted surveys. Health Canada found the results of this survey posed no risks to human health; therefore, no follow up activities were required.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2013 Arsenic Speciation in Selected Foods 2011 to 2013
In a targeted survey, 2015 samples were analyzed for 2 inorganic arsenic species and up to 4 organic arsenic species. Product types included beverages (bottled waters and juices), fruit products (canned fruits, fruit purees, dried fruit and fruit snacks), grain products (wheat bran and breakfast cereals), rice/rice products (rice grains, flour, bran, noodles/pasta/papers, crackers/cakes, puddings and beverages) and seaweed products (dried seaweeds of various forms). The majority of samples tested (87%) contained a detectable level of 1 or more arsenic species. The levels of arsenic in the products tested in this survey were not considered to pose a concern to human health. No product recalls were warranted given the lack of a health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Bisphenol A in Canned Foods 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a total of 576 samples of canned products were collected and analyzed for bisphenol A (BPA). Samples included 217 pastas/soups, 144 vegetables/legumes, 73 fruit products, 72 juices/beverages, 46 coconut milks and 24 curry products. BPA was not detected in 74.8% of the survey samples, but was detected in all product categories sampled in this survey. It was determined that none of the samples analyzed for BPA in this survey posed a concern to human health and therefore no follow-up actions were needed.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2013 Cadmium in Selected Foods 2011 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a total of 1805 samples of selected foods were analyzed for cadmium. The products were categorized into groups: 813 grain-based foods, 613 vegetable/nut-based foods and 379 assorted foods. 57% of grain-based foods, 72% of vegetable/nut based-foods and 72% of assorted foods tested positive for cadmium. It was determined that the levels of cadmium detected in foods in this survey were not expected to pose a health risk. No product recalls were warranted given the lack of human health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Children's Food Project Report 2012 to 2013
As part of the Children's Food Project, 148 samples of milk-based, soy-based and specialized infant formula were analyzed for pesticide residues, veterinary drug residues, aflatoxin M1 and metals. The overall compliance rate of the infant formula samples tested for pesticide and veterinary drug residues was 96.62%. It was determined that positive samples tested for metals were not expected to pose a concern to infant health. Detectable levels of aflatoxin M1 were found in 12% of samples. All results were below the maximum allowable limit.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Coumarin in Cinnamon and Cinnamon-Containing Products 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a total of 93 samples were analyzed for coumarin in cinnamon and cinnamon-containing products. All products sampled contained cinnamon in their list of ingredients. The samples collected included ground cinnamon and spice mixes. Coumarin was detected in 100% of the survey samples. It was determined that the levels of coumarin would not pose an unacceptable concern to human health. No follow-up actions were deemed necessary.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Lead in Candy, Chocolate, Dried Herbs and Spices 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a total of 425 samples were analyzed for lead in candy, chocolate, dried herbs and spices. The samples collected included 20 cocoa powder samples, 123 chocolate samples, 148 candy samples and 134 dried herb/spice products. Of the 425 samples analyzed for lead, 45 (11%) did not contain detectable levels of lead. It was determined that none of the samples analyzed were expected to pose a concern to human health therefore no follow-up actions were needed.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2013 Mercury in Selected Foods 2011 to 2013
A targeted survey testing 958 selected food products found that low levels of mercury were present in 42 per cent of samples. Products sampled included juices, dried tea, high fructose corn syrup, and other sweeteners. Mercury is a metal that can enter the environment through both natural sources such as soil, and human activities such as mining. Health Canada found that the low levels of mercury found in this survey do not pose a risk to human health.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2012-2013 National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program Annual Report 2012 to 2013
As part of the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program, over 120 000 tests for residues of veterinary drugs, pesticides, metals and other contaminants were performed on over 19 000 monitoring samples of domestic and imported dairy products, eggs, honey, meat products, fresh fruit and vegetables, processed products and maple products. Foods of plant and animal origin were tested for pesticide residues and the overall compliance rate was 97.38%. Foods of animal origin (dairy products, eggs, honey, meat products) were tested for veterinary drug residues and the overall compliance rate was 97.45%. It was determined that positive samples tested for metals and other contaminants were not expected to pose a human health concern.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2011-2013 Perchlorate in Fresh Fruits and Vegetables, Fruit and Vegetable Juice, Dairy-Based Products and Infant Formulas 2011 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a total of 1426 samples, including 881 fresh fruits and vegetables, 225 fruit and vegetable juices, 233 dairy-based products and 87 infant formulas were analyzed for perchlorate. 637 of the 1426 samples (45%) did not contain a detectable level of perchlorate. It was determined that the levels of perchlorate found were not expected to pose an unacceptable health risk and therefore no follow-up actions were needed.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Soy in Pre-Packaged Grain-Based Products 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a variety of grain based foods were analyzed for the presence of undeclared soy. The foods ranged from single ingredient foods such as flour and whole grains to multiple ingredient foods such as baked goods that contained whole and ground grains. Of 368 samples tested, 124 (34%) contained undeclared soy. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2016-02-24 2012-2013 Sulphites in Imported Fresh Fruit 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a total of 219 samples of fresh lychee, longan, custard apple and rambutan were analyzed for the presence of sulphites. Sulphites were present in the rind of 148 samples (68%) and the flesh of 16 samples (7%). Positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up actions may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification to manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2016-05-02 2012-2013 Sulphites in Fruit and Vegetable Based Products 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a total of 492 fruit and vegetable based products, including jams, spreads, juices and fruit filled snack foods were analyzed for the presence of undeclared sulphites. Of the 9 samples that contained undeclared sulphites (1.8%), 5 were fruit spreads, 1 was a vegetable based product, 2 were separate samples of the same fruit filled cake and 1 was a fruit juice based salad dressing. All positive samples were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up actions may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification to manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Domestic and Imported Products 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey, 594 domestic and 586 imported prepackaged products were sampled and analyzed for undeclared soy, egg, milk (beta-lactoglobulin and casein), peanuts, almonds, hazelnuts, sesame and gluten. The majority of the samples were analyzed for more than 1 undeclared allergen and/or gluten. 3.9% of domestic samples and 8.5% imported samples collected were positive for undeclared allergens or gluten. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2016-01-22 2012-2013 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Soup 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey, a total of 499 soup products were sampled and analyzed for undeclared soy, egg, milk (beta-lactoglobulin and casein), peanuts, almonds, hazelnuts, sesame and gluten. The majority of the samples were analyzed for more than 1 undeclared allergen and/or gluten. There were 3411 analyses completed on the 499 samples. Some products contained more than 1 undeclared allergen or gluten source, a total of 22 products contained 26 positive results. Of the 26 positive results (26/3411, 0.8%) there were: 8 milk (7 products were positive; 3 for casein, 3 for beta-lactoglobulin and 1 product tested positive for both proteins), 4 egg, 6 gluten, 1 hazelnut and 7 soy. There were no undeclared almond, peanut or sesame found in any of the samples. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Undeclared Sulphites in Children's Food 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey of 527 baking mixes, baked goods, canned fruit, cereals, cookies, desserts, infant foods and juice, 11 samples were found to contain sulphites that were not declared on the label. Sulphites are used as additives in food products, both as preservatives and to maintain colour. These additives may also be present due to cross-contamination during manufacturing. All positive results were followed up by the CFIA.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Aflatoxins in Corn Products, Nuts and Nut Butters 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 703 samples were analyzed for aflatoxins in corn products, nuts and nut butters. The samples collected included 304 corn products (e.g. corn flour, corn tacos, corn/tortilla chips), 295 nuts and 104 nut butters. 89% of the samples did not contain detectable levels of aflatoxins. None of the samples were determined to pose an unacceptable concern to human health. No product recalls were warranted given the lack of a health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Antimony in Selected Foods 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 621 samples were analyzed for antimony in selected foods. The samples included 397 beverages, 75 seed and nut butters, 75 condiments and 74 heat-and-serve frozen and shelf-stable meals. 98% of the samples did not contain detectable levels of antimony. The antimony levels found in this survey were not considered to pose a concern to human health. Based on the low levels of antimony detected, no follow-up actions were required for any of the survey samples.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, Mercury, and Aluminum, in Infant Formulas, Meal Replacement Beverages, and Nutritional Supplement Beverages 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 305 samples were analyzed for arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury and aluminum in infant formulas, meal replacement beverages and nutritional supplement beverages. 91% of the infant formulas tested did not contain detectable levels of arsenic, cadmium, lead, or mercury. Meal replacement and nutritional supplement beverages generally had higher frequencies and concentrations of detectable metals. It was determined that the samples tested did not pose a concern to human health. No follow-up action were warranted given the lack of health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Bisphenol A in Canned Foods 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 403 samples were analyzed for bisphenol A in canned foods. The samples collected included 101 fruit products, 50 juices/beverages, 151 vegetables/legumes and 101 pastas/soups. Only canned products were sampled, as these products are likely to have epoxy coatings. Bisphenol A was not detected in 98.5% of the survey samples. None of the samples were determined to pose a concern to human health. Appropriate follow-up actions were initiated that reflected the magnitude of the human health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Children's Food Project Report 2011 to 2012
As part of the Children's Food Project, 710 samples of cookies/crackers/cakes, dried fruit, cereal, dairy, fruit and vegetable based products were analyzed for pesticide residues and metals. The overall compliance rate for pesticide residues was 99.7%. It was determined that positive samples tested for metals were not expected to pose a human health concern.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Coumarin in Cinnamon and Cinnamon-Containing Products 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 193 samples were analyzed for coumarin in cinnamon and cinnamon-containing products. All products sampled contained cinnamon in their list of ingredients. The samples collected included ground cinnamon, cinnamon sticks, spice mixes (such as pumpkin pie spice, curry mixes, Chinese five spice), breakfast cereals, baking mixes (muffin and cake mixes), baked goods (cookies, granola/breakfast bars), baby foods (such as infant cereals and purées) and dried tea. Coumarin was detected in 98% of the survey samples. None of the samples were determined to pose an unacceptable concern to human health, and no follow-up actions were deemed necessary.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Deoxynivalenol in Selected Foods 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 1391 samples were analyzed for the presence of deoxynivalenol (DON). These samples included infant foods (98 infant formulas, 59 infant cereals), milled grain products (126 other grain products (e.g., quinoa, buckwheat), 102 wheat products, 73 corn products and 32 oat products), processed grain-based products (193 breads/baked goods/crackers, 255 breakfast cereals, 150 beer) and other foods (198 soy products, 105 dried fruits). 37% of the samples tested for DON did not contain detectable levels. It was determined that samples tested in this survey were not expected to pose a safety concern. As such, no follow-up activities were required.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Dioxins and Dioxin-Like Compounds in Selected Foods 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 256 samples were analyzed for dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in selected foods. Samples included 92 vegetable oils and fats, 52 dairy-containing foods, 49 nut/seed butters, 40 nutritional supplements/meal replacements and 23 guar gums. All of the samples had detectable levels of 1 or more dioxins and/or dioxin-like compounds. None of the samples were expected to present a safety concern to human health. Appropriate follow-up actions were initiated that reflected the magnitude of the human health concern. No product recalls were warranted.
Chemical residue
2016-01-21 2011-2012 Food Colours in Selected Foods 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 1799 samples were collected and analyzed for up to 216 different food colours. Samples included 302 ready-to-serve beverages, 299 candy samples, 297 savoury sauces, 295 spices, 264 sweets, 145 fresh oranges, 52 marmalades, 49 coloured snacks/chips, 49 orange juices and 47 wasabi products. Detectable levels of food colour(s) were found in all product types sampled. All positive samples were minor and/or technical in nature and were referred to the appropriate program for potential follow-up. No product recalls were warranted.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Fumonisins in Corn-Based and Soy-Based Products 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 454 samples (274 corn-based and 180 soy-based) were collected and analyzed for fumonisins. All samples were analyzed for fumonisins forms B1 and B2. 36% of samples tested had detectable levels of fumonisins. It was determined that the positive results did not pose a concern to human health. Due to the lack of a human health concern, no product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Lead in Candy, Chocolate and Cocoa Powder 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 297 samples were analyzed for lead in candy, chocolate and cocoa powder. The samples collected included 24 cocoa powder (intended for baking, not milk/hot chocolate mixes), 124 chocolate (e.g. baking chocolate, chocolate bars, chocolate chips) and 149 candy (e.g. marshmallows, gummy and hard candies, lollipops) samples. Of the 297 samples analyzed for lead, 118 (40%) did not contain any detectable level of lead. The remaining 179 samples had detectable, low lead levels. The levels of lead found in the candy, chocolate and cocoa powder products tested in this survey were unlikely to pose an unacceptable health concern. Follow-up actions could include additional sampling, additional inspections or ultimately the recall of the product from the Canadian market place. No product recalls were warranted given the lack of a health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Lead in Dried Herbs and Spices 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 148 samples were analyzed for lead in dried herbs and spices. The samples collected included 90 spices and 58 dried herb samples. All the samples analyzed contained detectable levels of lead. It was determined that the levels of lead found in the dried herbs and spice products tested in this survey were unlikely to pose a health concern. No follow-up action was required.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Melamine in Selected Foods 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 590 samples were analyzed for melamine in selected foods. The samples collected included 175 meat alternatives (wheat and soy-based), 21 seafood alternatives (plant, soy, and wheat-based), 95 meal replacements (powders, ready-to-drink shakes), 102 protein powders (casein protein, egg white protein, soy protein and whey protein) and 197 snack products (biscuits, cookies, crackers and wafers). Melamine was not detected in any sample in this survey.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Microcystins and Nodularin in Bottled Water 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 301 samples were analyzed for microcystins and nodularin in bottled water. All samples tested did not contain detectable levels of microcystins or nodularin.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2012 National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program Annual Report 2010-2012
As part of the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program, over 190 000 tests for residues of veterinary drugs, agricultural chemicals, metals and contaminants were performed on over 30 000 monitoring samples of domestic and imported dairy, eggs, honey, meat and poultry products, fresh fruit and vegetables, processed products and maple products. Foods of animal origin (dairy, eggs, honey, meat and poultry) were tested for veterinary drug residues and overall compliance rates ranged from 98.15% to 100%. The compliance rates for pesticide residues in all food commodities tested ranged from 98.05% to 100%. In addition to pesticides, domestic and imported honey was also tested for residues of bee repellents and the overall compliance rate was 83.06% and 72.15%. It was determined that positive samples tested for metals and other contaminants were not expected to pose a human health concern.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Ochratoxin A in Selected Foods 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 1290 samples were analyzed for the presence of ochratoxin (OTA) in selected foods. These samples included infant foods (98 infant formulas and 59 infant cereals), milled grain products (126 other grain products e.g., quinoa, buckwheat, 102 wheat products, 73 corn products, and 31 oat products), processed cereal products (193 breads/baked goods/crackers, 155 breakfast cereals and 150 beer) and other foods (198 soy products and 105 dried fruits. 56% of the samples did not contain detectable levels of OTA. The samples with detectable levels of OTA were from all types of products included in this survey. It was determined that the levels of OTA found in the products tested in this survey were overall very low and therefore unlikely to pose an unacceptable health risk. Consequently, no follow-up activity was required.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Pesticides and Metals in Inter-Provincially Traded Fresh Fruits 2011 to 2012
A targeted survey testing 435 samples of fresh fruit found that 96.6 per cent were compliant with minimum residue limits for pesticides. 434 fresh fruit samples were analyzed for arsenic, cadmium, mercury and lead. In general, the results for all four metals were similar to those reported in the 2010-2012 National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program. There were a total of 15 violative samples in this survey. All violations were assessed and appropriate follow up actions taken.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Pesticides in Finished Grains and Grain Products 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 418 domestic and imported samples were analyzed for pesticides in finished grains and grain products. Samples included 83 corn, 86 oat, 84 rice, 135 wheat and 30 other grain products. These samples were analyzed for over 430 different pesticide residues consisting mainly of insecticides and fungicides. Pesticide residues were not detected in 382 of 418 (91.4%) samples. 36 samples had either 1 or 2 pesticide residues. It was determined that the levels found were not expected to pose an unacceptable human health concern. Appropriate follow-up actions were initiated that reflected the magnitude of the human health concern. No product recalls were warranted given the lack of a health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Undeclared Allergens and Gluten in Children's Food 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, a total of 304 foods were sampled and analyzed for undeclared soy, egg, milk (beta-lactoglobulin and casein), peanuts, almonds, hazelnuts, sesame and gluten. The majority of the samples were analyzed for more than 1 undeclared allergen and/or gluten. Undeclared allergens were found in 15 samples (1 almond, 1 sesame, 2 gluten and 11 soy). There was no undeclared egg, milk (beta-lactoglobulin and casein), peanuts or hazelnuts found in any of the samples. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Undeclared Allergens in Protein Substitutes 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 286 protein substitutes (liquid and powder) products were analyzed for the presence of undeclared allergens (soy, egg, milk (beta-lactoglobulin and casein), peanuts, almonds, hazelnuts and sesame) and/or gluten. The majority of the samples were analyzed for more than 1 undeclared allergen and/or gluten. 20 positive results were obtained. These results were found in 18 samples that were tested for multiple allergens. 3 undeclared allergens were detected; almond, gluten and milk. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up actions may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification to manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Undeclared Allergens in Snack Foods with an Allergen Free and/or Gluten Free Claim 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 487 samples of snack foods were analyzed for undeclared allergens. Each sample had 1 or more allergen free claims (e.g. peanut free) and or a gluten free claim on the label. Samples were analyzed for the presence of allergens and/or gluten that were the subject of a free claim on the label as well as for allergens and gluten that were not declared in the list of ingredients. 29 samples were found to contain undeclared allergen(s) or gluten. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Undeclared Egg in Pasta 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 295 pasta products were analyzed for the presence of egg. 7 samples were found to contain undeclared egg. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Undeclared Milk in Milk Alternative Products 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 278 milk alternative products were analyzed for the presence of milk protein (casein and beta-lactoglobulin). 2 samples were found to contain undeclared milk. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA.
Chemical residue
2014-11-12 2010-2011 Acrylamide in Selected Foods 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 897 samples of high carbohydrate foods were analyzed for acrylamide. 623 samples contained detectable levels of acrylamide. The levels of acrylamide detected in foods in this survey were determined to be unlikely to pose a human health concern. All acrylamide results were evaluated and appropriate follow-up action was pursued.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Aflatoxins in Dried Fruits, Nuts and Nut Products, and Corn Products 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 628 samples of dried fruits, nuts, nut products and corn products were analyzed for aflatoxins. 93% of the samples did not contain detectable levels of aflatoxins. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Antimony in Juice and Bottled Water 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 359 samples (185 juices and 174 bottled waters) were analyzed for antimony. 8 samples were found to contain antimony. It was determined that the levels found were not considered to pose a concern to human health. Appropriate follow-up actions were initiated that reflected the magnitude of the health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Arsenic Speciation in Rice and Rice Products, Breakfast and Infant Cereals, Fruit Products, Bottled Water and Seaweed Products 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 1071 samples of rice, rice products, breakfast and infant cereals, fruit products, bottled water and seaweed products were analyzed for arsenic speciation. 96% of the samples contained detectable levels of arsenic. None of the samples were determined to pose a concern to human health. Appropriate follow-up actions were initiated that reflected the magnitude of the human health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Bisphenol A in Infant Formula and Foods 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 234 samples of infant formula and foods were analyzed for bisphenol A (BPA). BPA was not detected in any of the sample. Given that none of the samples in this survey were positive for BPA, follow-up actions were not deemed necessary.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Bromate in Bottled Water 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 288 samples of bottled water were analyzed for bromate. 250 samples did not contain any detectable residues of bromate. It was determined that levels of bromate in bottled water were not expected to pose an unacceptable health risk.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Cadmium in Rice and Rice-Based Products 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 280 samples of rice and rice-based products were analyzed for cadmium. 154 sample did not contain detectable levels of cadmium. The levels of cadmium found in the various rice products tested were not expected to pose an unacceptable health risk. Appropriate follow-up actions were initiated that reflected the magnitude of the health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Children's Food Project Report 2010 to 2011
As part of the Children's Food Project, 879 samples of biscuits, cereal, dairy, fruit and vegetable based products were analyzed for pesticide residues and metals. The overall compliance rate for pesticide residues was 100%. It was determined that positive samples tested for metals were not expected to pose a human health concern.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Dioxins and Dioxin-Like Compounds in Vegetable Oils and Cheese 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 451 samples of vegetable oils and cheese were analyzed for dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. All samples had detectable levels of 1 or more dioxins or dioxin-like compounds. It was determined that the levels of dioxin and dioxin-like compounds were not expected to pose an unacceptable health risk. Follow-up activities were not deemed necessary.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Food Colours in Selected Foods 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 1546 samples of selected foods were analyzed for food colours. The compliance rate in this targeted survey was 96.2%. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA which resulted in 2 recalls.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Fumonisins in Corn Products 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 276 samples (corn-based breakfast cereals (56), corn/tortilla chips (45), cornmeal (34), popcorn (30), canned corn (27), corn starch (23), corn tacos (21), corn flour (21), corn tortillas (10), corn grits (7) and cornbread mix (2)) were analyzed for fumonisins. 157 samples had detectable levels of fumonisins. It was determined that the positive samples were considered unlikely to pose a concern to human health. Appropriate product follow-up actions were initiated that reflected the magnitude of the health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Gluten in Ground Spices 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 268 ground spices were analyzed for the presence of gluten. 63 samples were found to contained detectable levels of gluten. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA which resulted in a recall.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Melamine in Milk-Based and Soy-Based Products 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 590 samples of milk-based and soy-based products were analyzed for melamine. The samples collected included 302 milk-based and 288 soy-based products. 100% of the results obtained from the testing of milk-based and soy-based products in this targeted survey were found to be satisfactory.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Mercury in Dried Tea, Soft Drinks and Corn Syrup 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 386 samples or dried tea, soft drinks and corn syrup were analyzed for mercury. 53% of the samples tested did not contain any detectable residues of mercury. Levels of mercury detected in positive samples were not expected to pose an unacceptable health risk.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Microcystins in Bottled Water 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 300 samples of bottled water were analyzed for microcystins. All of the samples did not contain detectable levels of microcystins.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Milk and Egg in Beer 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 196 samples of beer were analyzed for milk (casein and beta-lactoglobulin) and egg. The samples consisted of different beer styles including, but not limited to, pale lagers, pilsners, dark lagers, porters and stouts. 1 sample analyzed had very low detectable levels of the milk protein (beta-lactoglobulin).
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Ochratoxin A and Deoxynivalenol in Selected Foods 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 943 samples were analyzed for the presence of ochratoxin (OTA) and deoxynivalenor (DON). These samples included 197 breakfast cereals, 139 wines, 130 beer, 98 infant formulae, 97 dried fruits, 96 wheat products (flour, bran, germ, cream of wheat), 93 infant cereals, 76 corn products (corn/tortilla chips, cornmeal, semolina) and 17 oat products (whole oats, oatmeal). 99.2% of the samples tested for OTA were below the Canadian maximum levels. 41% of the samples did not contain detectable levels of DON. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA and appropriate follow-up actions were initiated that reflected the magnitude of the health concern.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Perchlorate in Fresh Fruits and Vegetables, Dairy Products and Infant Formula 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 611 samples, including 433 fresh fruits and vegetables, 89 dairy products (milk, cheese and yogurt) and 89 infant formula, were analyzed for perchlorate. 65% of fresh fruit and vegetable, 87% of dairy product and 63% of infant formula samples were found to contain perchlorate. It was determined that the levels of perchlorate found in this survey were not expected to pose an unacceptable health concern.
Chemical residue
2014-11-13 2010-2011 Pesticides in Coffee, Fruit Juice and Tea 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 297 coffee, 510 juice and 267 tea samples were analyzed for pesticides. No pesticides were found in any of the coffee samples. 99.6% of the fruit juice samples and 75% of the tea samples did not contain any pesticides. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA and appropriate follow-up actions were taken. It was determined that the levels of pesticides in all positive samples were not expected to pose a human health concern to consumers.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Pesticides in Intra-Provincially Traded Fresh Vegetables 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 1024 samples of intra-provincially traded fresh vegetables (257 carrot, 130 corn, 213 leafy green, 259 potato and 165 tomato) were analyzed for pesticides. 98.6% of the samples did not contain any pesticides. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA and appropriate follow-up actions were taken. It was determined that the levels of pesticides in all positive samples were not expected to pose a human health concern to consumers.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Progesterone in Butter, Cheese and Cream 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 259 butter, 247 cheese and 231 cream samples were analyzed for progesterone. All of the samples had detectable levels of progesterone. It was determined that the levels of progesterone were not expected to pose a human health concern to consumers. Follow-up activities were not deemed necessary given that no elevated levels of concern were found.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Propylene Oxide in Foods 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 1064 samples of dried spices and herbs, dried fruit products, cocoa and chocolate products/powder and nuts were analyzed for propylene oxide (PPO). PPO was not detected in any sample tested.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Sulphites in Fresh Grapes 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 329 samples of fresh grapes were analyzed for the presence of sulphites. 1 sample was found to contain elevated levels of sulphites.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Sulphites in Fruit Spreads 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 48 fruit spreads, including butters, jams, jellies, marmalades and preserves were analyzed for the presence of undeclared sulphites. 3 samples were found to contain levels of sulphites. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Undeclared Allergens in Flavour Packets 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 100 flavour packets were analyzed for the presence of the following undeclared allergens: soy, egg, milk, peanuts, almonds, hazelnuts and sesame, as well as for undeclared gluten. 25 samples were found to contain 1 or more undeclared allergens. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2014-11-12 2010-2011 Undeclared Allergens in Sauces, Marinades and Dressings 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 250 sauces, marinades and dressings were analyzed for the presence of the following undeclared allergens: soy, egg, milk, peanuts, almonds, hazelnuts and sesame, as well as for undeclared gluten. 11 samples were found to contain 1 or more undeclared allergens. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up action may involve a food safety investigation, including a health risk assessment and a recall or one of the following: notification of manufacturer/importer and/or additional sampling.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Aflatoxin in Dried Figs and Dried Dates 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 100 samples (49 dried dates, 51 dried figs) were analyzed for the presence of aflatoxin. All samples of dried dates and 47 samples of dried figs did not contain detectable levels of aflatoxin residues. 4 dried fig samples were found to contained aflatoxin residues. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up actions may include notification of the producer or importer, follow-up inspections, additional directed sampling and/or product recalls.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Arsenic Speciation in Rice and Pear Products 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 213 samples (108 pear products and 105 rice products) were analyzed for the presence of arsenic speciation. All rice samples analyzed contained detectable levels of arsenic. With the exception of 3 products, all pear samples analyzed contained detectable levels of arsenic. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. It was determined that the levels of arsenic found in this survey would not pose an unacceptable human health risk.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Bisphenol-A in Infant Food and Formula 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 200 samples of infant food and formula were analyzed for the presence of bisphenol-A. 59% of the samples did not contain detectable levels of bisphenol-A. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. It was determined that the positive samples found in this survey would not pose an unacceptable human health risk.
Chemical residue
2014-11-12 2009-2010 Children's Food Project Report 2009 to 2010
As part of the Children's Food Project, 821 samples of candy, cereals, chocolate, dairy products, juice, meat products, nuts and seeds and processed fruit and vegetable products were analyzed for pesticide residues and metals. 98.6% of the pesticide residue results were in compliance with Canadian maximum residue limits (MRLs). It was determined that positive samples tested for metals were not expected to pose a human health concern.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Fining Agents in Wine 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 100 samples of wine were analyzed for the presence of fining agents. None of the samples were found to contain fining agents.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Food Colours Used in the Production of Manufactured Foods 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 100 samples of manufactured foods were analyzed for food colours. 59% of samples did not contain detectable levels of food colours. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Melamine Residues In Fluid Milk, Milk-Based Products and Soy-Based Products 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 600 samples of fluid milk, milk-based products and soy-based products were analyzed for the presence of melamine residues. 579 samples were found to be free of melamine residues. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. It was determined that the positive samples did not pose a risk to human health.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2009-2010 National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program Annual Report 2009 to 2010
As part of the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program, over 160 000 tests for residues of veterinary drugs, agricultural chemicals, environmental contaminants, mycotoxins and metals were performed on monitoring samples of domestic and imported dairy, eggs, honey, meat and poultry products, fresh fruit and vegetables, processed products and maple products. Foods of animal origin (dairy, eggs, honey, meat and poultry) were tested for veterinary drug residues, and overall compliance rates ranged from 98.03% to 99.93%. The compliance rates for pesticide residues in all food commodities tested ranged from 99.06% to 100%. Dairy products were tested for mycotoxins and the compliance rate was 100%.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Ochratoxin A and Deoxynivalenol in Selected Foods 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 450 samples of selected foods were analyzed for the presence of ochratoxin A and deoxynivalenol. 98% of the samples were found to be free of ochratoxin A. 58% of the samples were found to be free of deoxynivalenol. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. Follow-up actions may include notification of the producer or importer, follow-up inspections, additional directed sampling and/or product recalls.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Pesticide Residues and Metals in Dried Tea 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 100 samples of dried tea were analyzed for the presence of pesticide residues. 31% of the samples contained no detectable pesticide residues. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. It was determined that the positive samples did not pose a risk to human health.
Chemical residue
2014-11-12 2009-2010 Pesticide Residues in Fresh Fruit and Vegetables 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 3078 samples of fresh fruit and vegetables were analyzed for over 400 different pesticide residues. The overall compliance rate of this targeted survey was 99.6%. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Undeclared Allergens in Infant Formulas and Foods 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 100 samples of infant formulas and food were analyzed for the presence of undeclared allergens. 4 samples were found to contain undeclared allergens. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. It was determined that the positive samples did not pose a risk to human health.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2008-2009 Children's Food Project Report 2008 to 2009
As part of the Children's Food Project, 382 samples of infant cereals, formulas (soy and dairy-based), fruit and vegetable purees, meat and vegetable purees, cookies, prepared meals and flavoured water were analyzed for pesticide residues and metals. 99.7% of the pesticide residue results were in compliance with Canadian maximum residue limits (MRLs). It was determined that positive samples tested for metals were not expected to pose a human health concern.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2008-2009 Dioxins in Guar Gum from India 2008 to 2009
In a targeted survey, 20 samples of guar gum originating from India were analyzed for the presence of dioxins. All samples were found to contained measurable residues of dioxins. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. It was determined that the positive samples did not pose a risk to human health.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2008-2009 National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program Annual Report 2008 to 2009
As part of the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program, over 160 000 tests for residues of veterinary drugs, pesticides, environmental contaminants, mycotoxins and metals were performed on monitoring samples of domestic and imported dairy, eggs, honey, meat and poultry, fresh and processed fruit and vegetable commodities and maple syrup. Foods of animal origin (dairy, eggs, honey, meat and poultry) were tested for veterinary drug residues, and compliance rates ranged from 98.78% to 100%. The compliance rate for pesticide residues in all commodities tested ranged from 98.8% to 100%. Dairy products were tested for mycotoxins, and the compliance rate was over 99%.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2008-2009 Patulin in Apple Juice Products 2008 to 2009
In a targeted survey, 104 samples of apple juice products were analyzed for the presence of patulin. 88.5% of the samples contained some level of patulin. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. It was determined that the positive samples did not pose a risk to human health.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2008-2009 Pesticides Residues and Metals in Fruit Juice Concentrates 2008 to 2009
In a targeted survey, 186 samples of fruit juice concentrates were analyzed for the presence of pesticide residues. 146 samples did not contain detectable levels of pesticide residues. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. It was determined that the positive samples did not pose a risk to human health.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2008-2009 Pesticides Residues and Metals in Processed Tomato Products 2008 to 2009
In a targeted survey, 297 samples of processed tomato products were analyzed for the presence of pesticide residues. 250 samples did not contain detectable levels of pesticide residues. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA. It was determined that the positive samples did not pose a risk to human health.
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2008-2009 Pesticides Residues in Pickled Vegetables 2008 to 2009
In a targeted survey, 659 samples of pickled vegetables were analyzed for the presence of pesticide residues. 607 samples did not contain detectable levels of pesticide residues. All positive samples were found to be in compliance with existing Canadian maximum residue limits (MRLs).
Chemical residue
2018-09-04 2007-2008 Children's Food Project Report 2007 to 2008
As part of the Children's Food Project, 836 samples of grain products, dairy products, processed vegetable and fruit products, prepared lunches/ready-to-eat meals and honey were analyzed for pesticide residues and metals. Over 98.6% of samples tested for pesticide residues were in compliance with Canadian maximum residue limits (MRLs). It was determined that positive samples tested for metals were not expected to pose a human health concern.
Chemical residue, Annual
2018-09-04 2007-2008 Foods of Plant and Animal Origin Annual Report 2007 to 2008
This report describes the monitoring activities undertaken by the CFIA as part of the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program. Over 190 000 tests for residues of veterinary drugs, pesticides, environmental contaminants, mycotoxins and metals were performed on monitoring samples of domestic and imported dairy, eggs, honey, meat and poultry, fresh and processed fruit and vegetable commodities and maple syrup. Foods of animal origin (dairy, eggs, honey, meat and poultry) were tested for veterinary drug residues, and compliance rates ranged from 98.45% to 99.97%. The compliance rate for pesticide residues in all commodities tested ranged from 98.24% to 100%. Dairy products were tested for mycotoxins, and the compliance rate was 100%.
Chemical residue, Annual
2020-08-31 2018-2019 Bacterial Pathogens in Fermented Tea (Kombucha) 2018 to 2019
A targeted survey analyzed 60 samples of kombucha for bacterial pathogens. All samples were tested for Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157 (E. coli O157), Bacillus cereus (B. cereus), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and generic Escherichia coli (E. coli). All samples were found to be free of bacterial pathogens.
Microbiology
2020-08-31 2018-2019 Bacterial Pathogens in Mechanically Tenderized Beef Steaks 2018 to 2019
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in mechanically tenderized beef steaks analyzed 975 samples for E. coli O157:H7 and generic E. coli. Of the 975 samples, 386 samples were also tested for non-O157 Verotoxigenic E. coli (non-O157 VTEC). No E. coli O157:H7 and non-O157 VTEC were found in any of the samples. Generic E. coli was found in 3 samples. CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2020-08-31 2016-2019 Parasites in Imported Whole Fresh Sugar Snap and Snow Peas 2016 to 2019
A targeted survey on parasites in imported whole fresh sugar snap and snow peas analyzed 932 samples for Cyclospora cayetanensis (C. cayentanensis), Cryptosporidium species (spp.) and Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Of the 932 samples, 489 were also tested for Giardia spp. All samples were found to be free of parasites.
Microbiology
2020-01-22 2015-2019 Risk Based Verification Bulletin 2015 to 2019
Meat and poultry products that do not require any further preparation before consumption except thawing or warming, are considered to be ready-to-eat (RTE) foods. Due to the potential food safety risk associated with RTE foods, all federally registered establishments in Canada producing RTE meat or poultry products are subject to sampling and testing by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for pathogens Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157. Industry also implements a similar sampling and testing program with CFIA oversight.
Microbiology
2019-04-17 2013-2018 Bacterial Pathogens in a Variety of Refrigerated, Multi-Ingredient, Ready-to-Eat Processed Foods 2013 to 2018
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in a variety of refrigerated, multi-ingredient, ready-to-eat processed foods analyzed 4,851 samples for generic Escherichia coli (E. coli), Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) and Salmonella species (spp.). Additionally, of the 4,851 samples, 3,282 samples were analyzed for Bacillus cereus (B. cereus), Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). No C. perfringens, Salmonella spp. and generic E. coli were found in any of the samples. B. cereus was found in two samples, S. aureus was found in one sample and L. monocytogenes was found in five samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities such as facility inspections and additional sampling. Three of the L. monocytogenes positive samples resulted in recalls of the affected products. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2019-05-15 2016-2018 Bacterial Pathogens in Chocolate-Based Confectionaries 2016 to 2018
A targeted survey analyzed 3,173 samples of chocolate-based confectionaries for bacterial pathogens. All samples were tested for Salmonella spp., coliforms and generic Escherichia coli (E. coli). No Salmonella spp and generic E. coli were found in any of the samples. High levels of coliforms were found in 3 samples. CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities such as facility inspections and additional sampling. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2019-04-17 2014-2018 Bacterial Pathogens in Dried Herbs and Dried Teas 2014 to 2018
A targeted survey analyzed 2,680 samples of dried herbs and 1,178 samples of dried teas for bacterial pathogens. All samples were tested for generic Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella species (spp.), Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) and Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens). Additionally, 1,773 samples of dried herbs and all samples of dried teas were analyzed for Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). B. cereus was found in seven samples, S. aureus was found in one sample, Salmonella spp. was found in two samples and E. coli was found in two samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities such as facility inspections and additional sampling. The Salmonella positive samples resulted in product recalls as did one of the positive generic E. coli samples. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2019-05-15 2014-2018 Bacterial Pathogens in Dried Sprouted Seed Products 2014 to 2018
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in dried sprouted seed products analyzed 1,936 samples for Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7), non-O157 Verotoxigenic E. coli (non-O157 VTEC), Salmonella species (spp.), Bacillus cereus (B. cereus), Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and generic E. coli. Over 97% of dried sprouted seed products were assessed as satisfactory. For the remainder of the samples, CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities such as facility inspections and additional sampling. The Salmonella positive samples that were found resulted in recalls of the affected products. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2018-10-03 2017-2018 Bacterial Pathogens in Edible Insects 2017 to 2018
Edible insects were selected to be part of a preliminary survey to gain basic food safety information. Little scientific information is available regarding the control of microbiological pathogens during the rearing and processing of edible insects. A targeted survey analyzed 51 samples of edible insects for microorganisms such as Salmonella and generic Escherichia coli (E. coli). No Salmonella or generic E. coli were found in any of the samples.
Microbiology
2019-05-15 2015-2018 Bacterial Pathogens in Powdered Infant Formula 2015 to 2018
A targeted survey analyzed 3,962 samples of powdered infant formula for bacterial pathogens. All samples were tested for Enterobacteriaceae. Of the 3,962 samples, 2,965 were tested for generic Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Salmonella spp. and 997 samples were tested for Cronobacter spp. No Salmonella spp., Cronobacter spp. and generic E. coli were found in any of the samples. Enterobacteriaceae were found in 2 samples. CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities such as additional sampling. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2019-05-15 2016-2018 Bacterial Pathogens in Pre-Prepared, Refrigerated Baked Desserts 2016 to 2018
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in pre-prepared, refrigerated baked desserts analyzed 2,975 samples for generic Escherichia coli (E. coli), Bacillus cereus (B. cereus), Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) and Salmonella species (spp.). No C. perfringens and Salmonella spp. were found in any of the samples. Elevated levels of B. cereus were found in 3 samples. Elevated levels of S. aureus were found in 1 sample and L. monocytogenes was found in 1 sample. Generic E. coli was found in 12 samples. CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities such as facility inspections. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2019-06-12 2016-2018 Bacterial Pathogens in Seed Powder and Plant-Based Protein Powder 2016 to 2018
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in seed powder and plant-based protein powder analyzed 583 samples of seed powder and 245 samples of plant-based protein powder for generic Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella species (spp.), B. cereus, Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). No Salmonella spp. and S. aureus were found in any of the samples. B. cereus was found in 3 of the seed powder samples and 10 of the plant-based protein powder. C. perfringens was found in 2 of the plant-based protein powder samples and a high level of generic E. coli was found in 1 seed powder sample. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities such as facility inspections and additional sampling.
Microbiology
2019-02-13 2016-2018 Bacterial Pathogens, Viruses and Parasites in Various Food Commodities 2016 to 2018
The CFIA is conducting a number of ongoing targeted surveys to investigate the presence of bacterial pathogens, viruses and parasites in a variety of food commodities. Preliminary test results from these surveys are available in the interim report. As part of these surveys, a total of 6,632 samples were analysed and 98.8% of these samples were found to be satisfactory. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities resulting in facility inspections, additional sampling and/or product recalls. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples. Final reports will be provided in the future after the targeted surveys have been completed.
Microbiology
2019-07-17 2017-2018 National Microbiological Monitoring Program and Food Safety Oversight Program Annual Report 2017 to 2018
Each year, under the National Microbiological Monitoring Program (NMMP) and Food Safety Oversight Program (FSO), CFIA tests a broad range of domestic and imported food products in Canada for the presence of microbial hazards. This testing covers red meat and poultry products, shell eggs and egg products, dairy products, fish and seafood, fresh fruit and vegetables and processed fruit and vegetable products. Test results from foods tested under the NMMP and FSO during the 2017-18 fiscal year are summarized in the 2017-2018 NMMP and FSO Annual Report. The NMMP results indicated that 99.5% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 99.6% of domestic products and 99.1% of imported products being compliant. The FSO results indicated that 99.9% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 99% of domestic products, 99.8% of imported products and 100% of unknown origin products being compliant.
Microbiology, Annual
2018-03-21 2014 to 2017 Bacterial Pathogens in Cucumbers 2014 to 2017
A targeted survey analyzed 3,071 samples of cucumbers for bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7, and generic E. coli. No Salmonella, Shigella, or E. coli O157:H7 were found in any of the samples. High levels of generic E. coli were found in three samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities resulting in facility inspections, additional sampling and/or implementation of corrective actions by the processing facilities.
Microbiology
2018-10-03 2014 to 2017 Bacterial Pathogens in Fresh Leafy Vegetables 2014 to 2017
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in fresh leafy vegetables analyzed 5,508 samples for Salmonella, Shigella, non-O157 Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (non-O157 VTEC), Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli O157 (E. coli O157), and generic Escherichia coli (E. coli). No Salmonella, Shigella, and E. coli O157 were found in any of the samples. Non-O157 VTEC was found in 1 sample and elevated levels of generic E. coli were found in 25 samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities resulting in facility inspections and/or additional sampling.
Microbiology
2018-10-03 2016-2017 Bacterial Pathogens, Viruses and Parasites in Unpasteurized Juices and High Pressure Processed Juices 2016 to 2017
A targeted survey analyzed 1,828 samples of unpasteurized juices and high pressure processed juices for bacterial pathogens and indicators, viruses and parasites. An elevated level of generic Escherichia coli was found in one sample. All other samples were found to be free of bacterial pathogens, viruses, and parasites. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities.
Microbiology
2018-07-18 2013-2017 Bacterial Pathogens, Viruses and Parasites in Various Food Commodities 2013 to 2017
The CFIA has issued an interim report as a proactive means of sharing preliminary test results related to a suite of on-going targeted surveys. The surveys investigate the presence of bacterial pathogens, viruses and parasites in a variety of food commodities. A total of 19,404 samples were analysed in which 99.4% of the samples were found to be satisfactory. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities resulting in facility inspections, additional sampling and/or product recalls. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples. Final reports will be provided in the future after the targeted surveys have been completed.
Microbiology
2019-02-13 2016-2017 National Microbiological Monitoring Program and Food Safety Oversight Program Annual Report 2016 to 2017
Each year, under the National Microbiological Monitoring Program (NMMP) and Food Safety Oversight Program (FSO), the CFIA tests a broad range of domestic and imported food products in Canada for the presence of microbial hazards. This testing covers red meat and poultry products, shell eggs and egg products, dairy products, fish and seafood, fresh fruit and vegetables, and processed fruit and vegetable products. Test results from foods tested under the NMMP and FSO during the 2016-17 fiscal year are summarized in the 2016-2017 NMMP and FSO Annual Report. The NMMP results indicated that 99.5% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 99.8% of domestic products and 98.8% of imported products being compliant. The FSO results indicated that 99.8% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 99.9% of domestic products and 99.8% of imported products being compliant.
Microbiology, Annual
2018-05-23 2016-2017 Parasites in Fresh Whole Mushrooms 2016 to 2017
A targeted survey analysed 483 samples of fresh mushrooms for the presence of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from the following enteric parasites of concern: Cyclospora cayetanensis, Cryptosporidium species, Toxoplasma gondii, and Giardia species. All 483 samples were found to be free of parasite DNA.
Microbiology
2018-02-23 2016-2017 Viruses in Sun-Dried Tomatoes 2016 to 2017
A targeted survey analyzed 221 samples of air-packed sun-dried tomatoes for viruses. Of those samples, 99.1% were found to be free of viruses. Samples were analyzed for Hepatitis A (HAV) and Norovirus (NoV) (Genotype I and II (GI, GII)). NoV (GI) RNA was not detected in any of the samples tested. HAV RNA was detected in one imported sample and NoV (GII) RNA was also detected in one imported sample. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for all viral RNA positive samples. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2018-02-23 2015-2016 Annual Listeria Testing Bulletin 2015 to 2016
Meat and poultry products that do not require any further preparation before consumption, except washing, rinsing, thawing or warming, are considered to be ready-to-eat (RTE) foods. Due to the potential food safety risk associated with RTE foods, all federally registered establishments in Canada producing RTE meat or poultry products must undergo sampling and testing for Listeria monocytogenes by the CFIA. Industry is also required to conduct sampling and testing for Listeria monocytogenes in RTE food, with direct CFIA oversight. Between April 1, 2015 and March 31, 2016, CFIA sampled and tested 943 RTE samples for Listeria monocytogenes resulting in three positives for a prevalence rate of 0.32%. During the same time period, industry sampled and tested 1543 RTE samples for Listeria monocytogenes resulting in five positives for a prevalence rate of 0.32%. The prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes found via the CFIA and industry testing is comparable and is considered to be low. Appropriate follow-up actions took place for each food product that was found positive for Listeria monocytogenes.
Microbiology, Annual
2018-09-04 2014-2016 Bacterial Pathogens in Fresh-Cut Ready-to-Eat Fruits 2014 to 2016
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in fresh-cut ready-to-eat fruits analyzed 2,621 samples for Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7, and generic E. coli. No Salmonella, Shigella or E. coli O157:H7 were found in any of the samples. Listeria monocytogenes was found in fourteen samples and elevated levels of generic E. coli were found in one sample. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities. One Listeria monocytogenes positive sample resulted in a recall due to a possible link to a human illness case and also because it had been distributed to a high risk population group.
Microbiology
2018-01-17 2014-2016 Bacterial Pathogens in Fresh Leafy Herbs 2014 to 2016
A targeted survey analyzed 2,957 samples of fresh leafy herbs for bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7, and generic E. coli. No Shigella or E. coli O157:H7 were found in any of the samples. Salmonella was found in two samples and high levels of generic E. coli were found in 11 samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities resulting in facility inspections, additional sampling and/or implementation of corrective actions by the processing facilities. Both Salmonella positive samples resulted in recalls of the affected products. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the Salmonella positive samples.
Microbiology
2017-09-20 2014-2016 Bacterial Pathogens in Pre-Packaged, Fresh-Cut, Ready-to-Eat Vegetables 2014 to 2016
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in pre-packaged, fresh-cut, ready-to-eat vegetables analyzed 2,675 samples for Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7, and generic E. coli. Salmonella, Shigella, E. coli O157:H7, and generic E. coli were not found in any samples. Six samples were found to contain Listeria monocytogenes. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for the Listeria monocytogenes contaminated samples resulting in product recalls and/or the implementation of corrective actions by the processing facilities. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the Listeria monocytogenes positive samples.
Microbiology
2017-12-20 2014-2016 Bacterial Pathogens in Soy Products 2014 to 2016
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in soy products analyzed 3,157 samples for Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), and generic Escherichia coli (E. coli). No Salmonella or Listeria monocytogenes were found in any of the samples. Levels of S. aureus were found to be low in all samples. These are considered to have been produced under sanitary conditions and safe for consumption. High levels of generic E. coli were found in one sample. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities resulting in follow-up sampling and facility inspections.
Microbiology
2017-09-20 2012-2016 Bacterial Pathogens on Mangoes and Papayas 2012 to 2016
A targeted survey analyzed 4,710 samples of mangoes and papayas for bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella, Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7, Shigella, and generic E. coli. All mango samples (100%) and over 99% of the papaya samples were satisfactory. E. coli O157:H7 and Shigella were not found on any samples tested. Salmonella was found on the surface of two papaya samples and seven papaya samples had high levels of generic E. coli. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2018-11-07 2015-2016 National Microbiological Monitoring Program and Food Safety Oversight Program Annual Report 2015 to 2016
Each year, under the National Microbiological Monitoring Program (NMMP) and Food Safety Oversight Program (FSO), the CFIA tests a broad range of domestic and imported food products in Canada for the presence of microbial hazards. This testing covers red meat and poultry products, shell eggs and egg products, dairy products, fish and seafood, fresh fruit and vegetables, and processed fruit and vegetable products. Test results from foods tested under the NMMP and FSO during the 2015-16 fiscal year are summarized in the 2015-2016 NMMP and FSO Annual Report. The NMMP results indicated that 99.7% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 99.8% of domestic products and 99.5% of imported products being compliant. The FSO results indicated that 99.7% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 99.4% of domestic products and 99.9% of imported products being compliant.
Microbiology, Annual
2017-09-20 2014-2016 Parasites in Fresh Leafy Vegetables 2014 to 2016
A targeted survey of 2,233 samples of leafy vegetables for parasites found 98.8% to be satisfactory. Samples were analyzed for Cyclospora cayetanensis, Cryptosporidium spp., Toxoplasma gondii, and Giardia spp. Two samples contained parasite DNA of Cryptosporidium spp. and three samples contained Toxoplasma gondii DNA. Cyclospora cayetanensis DNA was detected in six samples and Giardia spp. DNA was detected in fifteen samples. Due to methodology limitations and the perishable nature of the products, the time elapsed between sample pick up and the completion of analysis, implicated products were no longer available on the market when the parasite DNA was detected. As such, no direct product action was possible. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2017-10-18 2014-2016 Viruses in Fresh Berries and Frozen Fruits 2014 to 2016
A targeted survey analyzed 1,991 samples of fresh berries and frozen fruits for viruses. 99.6% of the samples were found to be free of viruses. Samples were analyzed for hepatitis A (HAV), norovirus (NoV) (Genotype I and II (GI, GII)) and human rotavirus (HRV) RNA. HAV and NoV (GI) RNA were not detected in any of the samples tested. NoV (GII) RNA was detected in 7 samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for all viral RNA positive samples. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2017-12-20 2012-2015 Bacterial Pathogens on In-Shell Nuts and in Shelled Nuts and Nut Butters 2012 to 2015
A targeted survey analyzed 2,400 in-shell nut samples, 2,612 shelled nut samples, and 1,142 nut butter samples for bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella, Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) (nut butters only), and generic E. coli. No E. coli O157:H7, L. monocytogenes or generic E. coli were found in any of the samples. Salmonella was found in five in-shell nut samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities. All five Salmonella positive samples resulted in recalls of the affected products. No illnesses were reported in association with any of the Salmonella positive samples.
Microbiology
2018-07-18 2014-2015 National Microbiological Monitoring Program Annual Report 2014 to 2015
Each year, under the National Microbiological Monitoring Program (NMMP), the CFIA tests a broad range of domestic and imported food products in Canada for the presence of microbial hazards. This testing covers red meat and poultry products, shell eggs and egg products, dairy products, fresh fruit and vegetables, and processed fruit and vegetable products. Test results from foods tested under the NMMP during the 2014-15 fiscal year are summarized in the 2014-2015 NMMP Annual Report. These results indicated that 99.5% of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 99.8% of domestic products and 98.6% of imported products being compliant.
Microbiology, Annual
2019-08-13 2012-2014 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Fresh-Cut Fruits 2012 to 2014
In a targeted survey, 2068 fresh-cut fruit samples were collected and tested for bacterial pathogens. The survey results indicated that 99.37% of the samples were assessed as satisfactory. Salmonella, Shigella and E. coli O157:H7/NM were not detected in any of the samples. L. monocytogenes was found in 10 samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for the L. monocytogenes positive products, including directed sampling and inspection of the processing facilities. No recalls were deemed necessary for the affected products.
Microbiology
2019-08-13 2012-2014 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Fresh Leafy Herbs 2012 to 2014
In a targeted survey, 2472 fresh leafy herb samples were analyzed for bacterial pathogens. 99.5% of the samples were assessed as satisfactory. Salmonella was found in 1 sample and high levels of generic E. coli were found in 7 samples. Subsequent food safety investigations, including an establishment inspection and product testing resulted in no product recalls as the products were not considered to represent a health risk to consumers.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2012-2014 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Green Onions 2012 to 2014
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in green onions analyzed 2,903 samples for Salmonella, Shigella, E. coli O157:H7/NM, and Listeria monocytogenes. The survey also analyzed samples for generic E. coli as an indicator of fecal contamination. Most samples (99.7 per cent) were found to be satisfactory. One sample was positive for Salmonella and seven for high levels of generic E. coli. Follow up food safety investigations resulted in one product recall. In addition, elevated but acceptable levels of generic E. coli were found in two products. These levels did not warrant follow up activities.
Microbiology
2019-08-13 2012-2014 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Leafy Vegetables 2012 to 2014
In a targeted survey, 2977 fresh leafy vegetable samples were tested for bacterial pathogens. 99.5% of the samples were assessed as satisfactory. L. monocytogenes was found in 1 sample. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for the contaminated product, including a product recall. High levels of generic E. coli was found in 4 samples. Further evaluations of these samples resulted in no immediate follow-up activities.
Microbiology
2019-08-13 2012-2014 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Pre-Packaged Fresh-Cut Ready-to-Eat Vegetables 2012 to 2014
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli in vegetables analyzed 2,679 samples for Campylobacter, E. coli O157:H7/NM, Listeria, Salmonella, Shigella and generic E. coli as an indicator of fecal contamination. Over 99 per cent of samples were satisfactory. Campylobacter, E. coli O157:H7/NM, Salmonella and Shigella were not detected in any samples. Generic E. coli levels were also acceptable for all samples. Only Listeria was detected in seven samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for the contaminated product, including five product recalls. No reported illnesses were found to be associated with the contaminated products in this survey.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2012-2014 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Spices 2012 to 2014
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in various spices analyzed 1,624 samples for Salmonella, Clostridium perfringens and Bacillus cereus. The survey also analyzed samples for generic E. coli as an indicator of fecal contamination. Most samples (99.4 per cent) were found to be satisfactory. Two samples (organic garlic and ground ginger) were assessed as unsatisfactory for the presence of Salmonella. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities, and both affected products were recalled. In addition, eight samples had elevated levels of Bacillus cereus, resulting in one product recall. No reported illnesses were found to be associated with these contaminated products. The bacterial pathogen Clostridium perfringens and generic E. coli were not found at levels of concern in any of the samples tested.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2012-2014 Bacterial Pathogens in Sprouts 2012 to 2014
A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens in bean sprouts and seed sprouts analyzed 3,221 samples for Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, and generic E. coli. Some of these samples were also tested for non-O157 Verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC). E. coli O157:H7 was not found in any samples. Six samples were found to contain non-O157 VTEC. Salmonella was found in three samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for the Salmonella contaminated samples resulting in product recalls and/or the implementation of corrective actions by the processing facilities. No reported illnesses were in association with any of the Salmonella positive samples.
Microbiology
2017-04-11 2015-2016 Glyphosate Testing 2015 to 2016
The CFIA tested 3,188 imported and domestic food products for glyphosate residues. Glyphosate is an herbicide that is used to kill weeds and it can also be used to dry grains and grain legumes before harvesting. The overall compliance rate with Canadian Maximum Residue Limits was 98.7 per cent. Survey results also showed that 70.3 per cent of samples did not contain any detectable residues. None of the samples of fruits and vegetables or children's food products were found to contain residue levels which exceeded limits. Health Canada determined that the levels of glyphosate observed are not expected to pose a concern to human health; therefore, no product recalls were required.
Chemical residue
2019-08-13 2013-2014 Cyclospora cayetanensis and Cryptosporidium spp. in Fresh Leafy Herbs and Green Onions 2013 to 2014
In a targeted survey, 1116 samples were analyzed for the presence of Cyclospora and Cryptosporidium. None of the samples were positive for either Cyclospora or Cryptosporidium.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2013-2014 National Microbiological Monitoring Program Annual Report 2013 to 2014
Each year, under the National Microbiological Monitoring Program (NMMP), the CFIA tests a broad range of domestic and imported food products in Canada for the presence of microbial hazards. This testing covers red meat and poultry products, shell eggs and egg products, dairy products, fresh fruit and vegetables, and processed fruit and vegetable products. Test results from foods tested under the NMMP during the 2013-14 fiscal year are summarized in the 2013-2014 NMMP Annual Report. These results indicated that 99.3 per cent of all food products tested during this fiscal year were compliant with Canadian standards, with 99.6 per cent of domestic products and 98.4 per cent of imported products being compliant.
Microbiology, Annual
2019-08-13 2012-2014 Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes and Generic E. coli in Tahini 2012 to 2014
A targeted survey analyzed 1,166 samples of tahini for Salmonella, Listeria, and generic E. coli, as an indicator of fecal contamination. Tahini is a sesame seed-based processed food. Contaminated sesame seeds and/or cross-contamination due to poor hygiene practices during processing are believed to be the main sources of contamination. Listeria was not detected in any of the samples, and levels of generic E. coli were found to be acceptable in all the samples and Salmonella was found in four samples. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for the contaminated samples, including four product recalls.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Tomatoes 2012 to 2013
This A targeted survey on bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli in tomatoes analyzed 1,262 samples for Salmonella and Shigella, as well as generic E. coli as an indicator of fecal contamination. Salmonella and Shigella were not detected in any of the samples, and levels of generic E. coli were found to be acceptable in all the samples. All samples (100 per cent) were assessed as satisfactory; therefore, no follow up activities were required.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2013 Cyclospora cayetanensis and Cryptosporidium spp. in Fresh Produce 2011 to 2013
In a targeted survey, 1590 samples were analyzed for the presence of Cyclospora and 1788 samples were analyzed for Cryptosporidium. None of the samples were positive for Cyclospora. 8 samples were found positive for Cryptosporidium. All positive results were followed-up by the CFIA.
Microbiology
2016-08-16 2012-2013 National Microbiological Baseline Study in Broiler Chicken 2012 to 2013
As part of the Pathogen Reduction Initiative (PRI) a national microbiological baseline study was conducted to test for Salmonella and Campylobacter in broiler chicken flocks, carcasses and parts at the abattoir and at retail. The prevalence of Salmonella in broiler chicken lots slaughtered in federally-registered establishments was 25.6 percent. The prevalence of Campylobacter in broiler chicken lots was 24.1 percent. The baseline data established through this study allows governments and industry to improve efforts to reduce risk in Canada's poultry products and further strengthen the food safety system. Findings will be used by a joint Federal/Provincial/Territorial Government and Industry Working Group for the development of national risk management strategies for the control of Salmonella and Campylobacter in poultry.
Pathogen Reduction Initiative (PRI)
2018-09-04 2012-2013 National Microbiological Monitoring Program Annual Report 2012 to 2013
As part of the National Microbiological Monitoring Program, 13 237 tests were performed on 4980 domestic and imported products. Specifically, 8328 tests were performed on 3469 domestic products and 4909 tests were performed on 1511 imported products to verify they were compliant with Canadian standards. Results indicate that domestic products were 99.5% compliant whereas imported products were 99% compliant. Overall, a 99.4% compliance rate for combined domestic and imported products was observed. The results demonstrated that the majority of food products available in the Canadian marketplace were compliant with national standards.
Microbiology, Annual
2018-09-04 2012-2013 Salmonella, Shigella and Generic E. coli in Cantaloupes 2012 to 2013
In a targeted survey, 867 cantaloupe samples were analyzed for the presence of Salmonella, Shigella and generic E. coli. Salmonella and Shigella were not detected in any of the samples and levels of generic E. coli were found to be acceptable in all samples. 100% of the samples were assessed as satisfactory.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2013 Viral Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Fresh Produce 2011 to 2013
In a targeted survey, 3339 samples of fresh produce were analyzed for the presence of viral pathogens and generic E. coli. Norovirus was found in 34 samples and human rotavirus was found in 1 sample. It was determined that no norovirus or human rotavirus outbreaks associated with the positive samples were reported in Canada during this survey.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Bacteria of Concern in Fresh Berries 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 200 imported and 304 domestic samples of fresh berries were analyzed for bacterial pathogens. No pathogens were detected in any of the samples.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Bacteria of Concern in Green Onions 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 1154 samples of green onions were analyzed for bacterial pathogens. Bacterial pathogens were not detected in any of the samples.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Fresh Leafy Herbs 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 1540 fresh leafy herb samples were analyzed for bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli. 99.3% of the samples were assessed as satisfactory. 1 sample was contaminated with Salmonella. Subsequent food safety investigations resulted in no product recalls. 7 samples were found to have elevated levels of generic E. coli. These samples were assessed as investigative and further evaluation resulted in no immediate follow-up activities.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Leafy Vegetables 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 1537 imported and domestic samples, including 320 whole leafy vegetable samples and 653 fresh-cut leafy vegetable samples were analyzed for bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli. No E. coli O157, Salmonella, Shigella and Campylobacter were found any of the samples. 2 samples tested positive for L. monocytogenes. The CFIA conducted appropriate follow-up activities for all the positive samples and no related products were recalled.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Low-Moisture Foods 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 1958 low-moisture foods, including spices, dried fruits, dry mixes, dried dairy products and cocoa powder were analyzed for bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli. Salmonella was detected in 1 sample. E. coli O157, Shigella, Clostridium perfringens and Bacillus cereus were not found in any of the samples. Generic E. coli levels were found to be acceptable in all samples tested. The Salmonella positive sample triggered appropriate follow-up procedures including the recall of the affected product.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Tomatoes in the Canadian Market 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 1742 samples were analyzed for bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli. Bacterial pathogens were not detected in any of the samples and levels of generic E. coli were also found to be acceptable.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Bacterial Pathogens in Sprout Seeds and in Sprouts 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 419 samples of sprout seeds and 264 samples of sprouted seeds (i.e. sprouts) were analyzed for bacterial pathogens. E. coli O157 was not detected in any of the sprout seed samples while Salmonella was detected in 1 sample. The Salmonella positive result triggered appropriate follow-up procedures including the recall of the affected product.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Investigating the Microbiological Quality and Safety of Bottled Drinking Water 2011 to 2012
A targeted survey tested 843 samples of bottled water for bacterial, viral, and parasitic microorganisms such as Cryptosporidium. One sample was found to exceed Health Canada's standard for total coliforms, a group of harmless bacteria used as an indicator of microbiological quality. Human Rotavirus and Norovirus were detected in one and two samples, respectively. No outbreaks associated with these products were reported during this survey.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 National Microbiological Monitoring Program Annual Report 2011 to 2012
As part of the National Microbiological Monitoring Program, 14 307 tests were performed on 5234 domestic and imported products. Specifically, 9049 tests were performed on 3678 domestic products and 5258 tests were performed on 1556 imported products to verify they were compliant with Canadian standards. Results indicated that domestic products were 99% compliant and imported products were 98% compliant. Overall, a 98.7% compliance rate for combined domestic and imported products was observed. The results demonstrated that the products available in the Canadian marketplace are for the majority compliant with national standards.
Microbiology, Annual
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Salmonella and Generic E. coli in Tahini and Sesame Seeds 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 606 samples of tahini and 595 samples of sesame seeds were analyzed for Salmonella and generic E. coli. Levels of generic E. coli were found to be acceptable in all the samples. 3 tahini samples were found to be contaminated with Salmonella and resulted in 3 product recalls.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2011-2012 Salmonella and Shigella in Cantaloupes 2011 to 2012
In a targeted survey, 127 domestically produced whole cantaloupe samples and 365 imported fresh-cut cantaloupe samples were analyzed for Salmonella and Shigella. Shigella was not detected in any of the samples. Salmonella was detected in 1 sample. The Salmonella contaminated sample was a domestically produced whole cantaloupe. The CFIA initiated a food safety investigation and appropriate follow-up activities, which triggered a product recall.
Microbiology
2015-07-31 2010-2011 Bacteria of Concern in Fresh Berries 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 580 imported and 290 domestic samples of fresh berries were analyzed for bacterial pathogens. No bacterial pathogens were detected in any of the samples tested and levels of generic E. coli were also found to be acceptable.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Bacteria of Concern in Green Onions 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 591 samples of green onions were analyzed for bacterial pathogens. Salmonella was detected in 0.2% of the samples. 1 product recall resulted from the findings of the food safety investigation.
Microbiology
2016-01-22 2010-2011 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Fresh Leafy Herbs 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 1646 samples of fresh leafy herbs were analyzed for bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli. 2 samples were found to be contaminated with Salmonella and 4 samples had unsatisfactory levels of generic E. coli. Investigations of these findings resulted in 2 product recalls.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Leafy Vegetables 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 2596 leafy vegetable samples were analyzed for bacterial pathogens. Bacterial pathogens were not detected in any of the samples. 2 samples were found to be unsatisfactory due to high levels of generic E. coli. These 2 sample results triggered appropriate follow-up activities by the CFIA. No recalls were required.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Low-Moisture Foods 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 822 low moisture foods were analyzed for bacterial pathogens. No bacterial pathogens were detected in any of the samples and levels of generic E. coli were always found to satisfactory.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Cyclospora cayentanensis in Imported Fresh Herbs and Berries 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 513 samples of imported fresh herbs and 553 samples of imported fresh berries were analyzed for Cyclospora cayentanensis. Samples included basil, chives, cilantro, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary and thyme, as well as, blackberries, blueberries, cranberries, raspberries and strawberries. 1 sample was found to be postive for Cyclospora cayentanensis. There were no reported illnesses associated with the consumption of the positive sample.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Salmonella and Generic E. coli in Tahini 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 543 tahini samples were analyzed for Salmonella and generic E. coli. Levels of generic E. coli were found to be satisfactory in all samples. 2 samples were found to be contaminated with Salmonella and resulted in 2 product recalls.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Salmonella in Cantaloupes 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 499 whole cantaloupe samples were analyzed for Salmonella. Salmonella was detected 1 sample which resulted in a product recall. There were no reported illnesses associated with the consumption of the positive sample.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2010-2011 Viral Pathogens in Leafy Vegetables and Green Onions 2010 to 2011
In a targeted survey, 1112 samples of pre-packaged leafy vegetables and 549 samples of green onions were analyzed for viral pathogens. Norovirus was detected in 28 samples. No norovirus outbreaks associated with the consumption of the positive samples were reported during this survey.
Microbiology
2014-11-12 2009-2010 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Fresh Leafy Herbs 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 1224 samples of leafy herbs were analyzed for bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli. 1 sample was found to be contaminated with Salmonella and 10 samples were found to have elevated levels of generic E. coli. All positive samples were subject to food safety investigations and appropriate follow-up activities were conducted by the CFIA. 1 product recall resulted from the positive Salmonella sample.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Tomatoes in the Canadian Market 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 1414 samples of fresh tomatoes were analyzed for bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli. No bacterial pathogens or generic E. coli were found in any of the samples.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Bacterial Pathogens and Generic E. coli in Fresh Leafy Green Vegetables 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 4250 samples of fresh leafy green vegetables were analyzed for bacterial pathogens and generic E. coli. 2 samples were found to be contaminated with Salmonella, 7 samples were found to be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes and 1 sample was found to have elevated levels of generic E. coli. All positive samples were subject to food safety investigations and appropriate follow-up activities were conducted by the CFIA. 2 product recalls resulted from the positive samples. There were no reported illnesses associated with consumption of any of the positive samples.
Microbiology
2018-09-04 2009-2010 Bacterial Pathogens in Cantaloupes in the Canadian Market 2009 to 2010
In a targeted survey, 1207 samples of cantaloupes were analyzed for bacterial pathogens. No bacterial pathogens were detected in any of the samples.
Microbiology
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