Causes of food poisoning
Food contaminated by bacteria, viruses and parasites (foodborne pathogens) can make you sick. Some people can have foodborne illness, also known as "food poisoning", and not even know they have it. Many people experience nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. You should see a doctor as soon as possible if you think you have a foodborne illness.
The Government of Canada estimates that there are about 4 million cases of foodborne illness in Canada every year. Many foodborne illnesses can be prevented by following these safe food-handling practices: clean, separate, cook and chill.
You can report any concerns about restaurant food to your local inspection authority.
Common causes of food poisoning
- Campylobacter jejuni
- Clostridium botulinum
- Clostridium perfringens
- E. coli O157:H7
- Hepatitis A and E
- Listeria monocytogenes
- Marine Toxins in Bivalve Shellfish
- Scombroid Poisoning
If you believe a product presents a health and safety risk, you can report a potential food safety incident to the CFIA.
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