Quantitative Declarations Outside the Nutrition Facts Table
On December 14, 2016, amendments to nutrition labelling, list of ingredients and food colour requirements of the Food and Drug Regulations came into force. Regulated parties have a five (5) year transition period to meet the new labelling requirements.
Consult the Former – Quantitative Declarations Outside the Nutrition Facts Table for information on the former requirements.
The energy value and the amount of many nutrients are required (or permitted) to be declared inside the Nutrition Facts table. However, quantitative declarations of energy value and the amount of nutrients per serving of stated size are also permitted outside the Nutrition Facts table, on labels or in advertisements [B.01.301, FDR].
Foods usually exempt from carrying a Nutrition Facts table will lose their exemption upon including a quantitative declaration on the label. Foods always exempt from carrying a Nutrition Facts table will never lose their exemption when a quantitative statement is made.
Table of Contents
- Permitted Nutrients
- Information Triggered by Quantitative Statements
- Manner of Declaring
The nutrients permitted to be declared outside the Nutrition Facts table (NFt) include:
- nutrients required or permitted inside the NFtFootnote 1,
- nutrients not required or permitted inside the NFt (e.g., named amino acids), and
- constituents of nutrients (e.g., DHA and EPA - omega-3 polyunsaturates, fructose and glucose - sugars, inulin - an oligosaccharide).
Information Triggered by Quantitative Statements
Some quantitative statements may trigger additional declarations:
- A statement that a food contains "0.2 g DHA per 250 mL serving" triggers a declaration of the amount of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acids in the Nutrition Facts table (NFt) (as DHA is an individually named omega-3 fatty acid) [B.01.402(3), FDR];
- If a quantitative statement is made about a group of fatty acids (e.g., omega-3 polyunsaturates) or individual fatty acids (e.g., DHA or linoleic acid), the quantitative statement may appear as a separate statement such as "0.1 g of omega-3 polyunsaturates per x serving", but the full disclosure of the monounsaturated, omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid content must appear in the NFt. This also applies to the omega-6 polyunsaturates content;
- A representation respecting an amino acid triggers the declaration of nine specific essential amino acids found in the food in grams per serving of stated size (see Triggers: When Additional Information is Mandatory). This information must be displayed outside the NFt [B.01.305(2)(b), FDR]. Refer to Protein Claims for information on conditions that must be met to make a representation respecting amino acids.
Manner of Declaring
All quantitative declarations outside the Nutrition Facts table must be declared on the basis of a serving of stated size in the units specified in the table below [B.01.301(1), FDR].
|Energy||Calories (Cal)||4 Calories per 1 cup (250 mL) serving|
|Vitamins referred to in subsection D.01.002(1) |
(i.e., Vitamins A, D, E, K and C, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic acid, Biotin and Choline)
|milligrams (mg), |
or µg dietary folate equivalents (DFE)
(as applicable and as set out in subsection D.01.003(1))
25 µg of dietary folate equivalents per serving of 1 cup (250 mL)
34 µg of Vitamin A per 2 tbsp (30 mL) serving
|Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Iron, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Zinc, Copper, Manganese and Chloride||milligrams (mg)||316 mg of calcium per bar (40 g)|
|Iodide, Selenium, Chromium and Molybdenum||micrograms (µg)|
|Mineral Ion Content of Prepackaged Water or Ice||parts per million (ppm)||fluoride ion 2 ppm per bottle (500 mL)
[see also B.12.002, FDR]
|All Other Nutrients|| |
Note: For constituents of nutrients that are not permitted to be declared in the NFt and could be found in small amounts in the food (e.g., DHA), a declaration of the milligram amount may be shown as additional information in brackets directly after the gram amount.
0.4 g isoleucine per ½ cup (125 mL) serving
2 g of tryptophan per bar (80 g)
0.1 g fat per 200 mL serving
0.2 g of DHA per 1 cup (250 mL) serving
(e.g., lycopene, methylglyoxal)
Note: Section B.01.301 of the FDR does not apply to non-nutrients. The regulations do not prescribe mandatory units to be used for these declarations. However, in order to avoid a misleading declaration, the following units are recommended:
grams (g) or
|0.01 g of lycopene per 2 tbsp (30 mL) serving|
% Daily Value
The Food and Drug Regulations permit a declaration of the % Daily Value of a nutrient, per serving of stated size, outside the NFt, when a % Daily Value is required or permitted in the Nutrition Facts table [B.01.301(2)]. This applies to:
- any core nutrients (i.e., those listed in column 1 of the table to B.01.401, FDR), and
- any permitted additional nutrients (i.e., those listed in column 1 of the table to B.01.402, FDR).
Other words that alter the meaning must not be used to qualify quantitative declarations outside the NFt. Word sets may not be used around these statements in a manner which makes them sound like claims. Examples of unacceptable word sets in front of a quantitative statement include: "only", "just", "as little as", "less than", "more than", etc.
When a nutrient content claim as set out in the table following B.01.513 of the FDR is made, it must be in both English and French, unless a bilingual labelling exemption applies to the product [B.01.301(3), FDR].
Quantitative statements are not required to appear adjacent to the list of ingredients [B.01.008(1)(a), FDR]. If more than one quantitative statement appears on a label, they do not need to be grouped together, nor is there an order of precedence as to which nutrient would be shown first.
Using quantitative statements to compare the level of a nutrient in two foods is not acceptable as this is an implied comparative nutrient content claim. For example, a table stating the amount of protein and fat in one granola bar compared to a competitor's bar would not be acceptable.
- Date modified: