Information within the Nutrition Facts Table
Daily Intake

Reasonable Daily Intake for Various Foods (Schedule K)

The Reasonable Daily Intake is used to evaluate, for regulatory purposes, the nutritional contribution of specific foods to the diet. Reasonable Daily Intakes are used as the basis for determining the amounts of vitamin and mineral nutrients that may be present in the food when they are added. A food's protein rating is determined from the quality of the protein (i.e., the protein efficiency ratio) and the quantity of protein provided by a Reasonable Daily Intake.

The Reasonable Daily Intake for most foods is considered to be one average serving of the food. However, in the case of foods such as milk, bread or butter, where several servings may be consumed daily, a reasonable intake has been estimated considering the food habits of Canadians.

A "Reasonable Daily Intake" of a food named in column I of Schedule K, is the amount of that food set out in column II.

Table: Reasonable Daily Intake for Various Foods (Schedule K of the FDR)
Item column I
Name and Description
column II
Reasonable Daily Intake
1. Alimentary Pastes, dry oz. 85 g
2. Bacon (side), simulated meat product that resembles side bacon, (cooked) oz. 28 g
3. Beverage Bases and Mixes, Flavoured, for Addition to Milk (ready-to-serve) 16 floz. 454 ml
4. Bread, 5 slices 5.3 oz. 150 g
5. Butter oz. 57 g
6. Buttermilk 30 floz. 852 ml
7. Cereals, Breakfast or Infant oz. 28 g
8. Cereals, puffed 0.5 oz. 14 g
9. Cheese (other than Cottage Cheese) oz. 57 g
10. Cheese, Cottage 3.5 oz. 100 g
11. Condensed Milk 15 floz. 426 ml
12. Cream, whipping oz. 57 g
13. Egg, yolk-replaced egg 3.5 oz. 100 g
14. Evaporated Milk, Evaporated Skim Milk, Evaporated Partly Skimmed Milk 30 floz.
(reconstituted to original volume)
852 ml
(reconstituted to original volume)
15. Fish, Shell Fish 3.5 oz. 100 g
16. Fruits, dried oz. 57 g
17. Fruits, (other than banana, lemon, lime, watermelon) 3.5 oz. 100 g
18. Fruits, Banana 5.3 oz. 150 g
19. Fruits, Lemon 1.8 oz. 50 g
20. Fruits, Lime 1.8 oz. 50 g
21. Fruits, Watermelon oz. 200 g
22. Fruit Drinks, Fruit Nectars (ready-to-serve) floz. 114 ml
23. Fruit Drink Bases, Mixes and Concentrates (ready-to-serve) floz. 114 ml
24. Fruit Juices (other than lemon juice and lime juice) floz. 114 ml
25. Fruit Juices, Lemon floz. 28 ml
26. Fruit Juices, Lime floz. 28 ml
27. Ice Cream, Ice Milk 3.5 oz. 100 g
28. Infant Formulas, Prepared (ready-to-serve) As directed by label As directed by label
29. Instant Breakfast, Ready Breakfast (ready-to-serve) As directed by label As directed by label
30. Margarine oz. 57 g
31. Meat Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
32. Meat Product Extenders 3.5 oz. 100 g
33. Extended Meat Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
34. Milk, whole 30 floz. 852 ml
35. Milk Powder (reconstituted and ready-to-serve) 30 floz. 852 ml
36. (naming the flavour) Milk 30 floz. 852 ml
37. Molasses 1.5 oz. 43 g
38. Nuts oz. 28 g
39. Peanut Butter oz. 28 g
40. Poultry Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
41. Extended Poultry Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
42. Poultry Product Extenders 3.5 oz. 100 g
43. Simulated Meat Products excluding a simulated meat product that resembles side bacon 3.5 oz. 100 g
44. Simulated Poultry Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
45. Skim Milk, Partly Skimmed Milk 30 floz. 852 ml
46. (naming the flavour) Skim Milk, (naming the flavour) Partly Skimmed Milk 30 floz. 852 ml
47. Skim Milk Powder, Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (reconstituted and ready-to-serve) 30 floz. 852 ml
48. Skim Milk with Added Milk Solids, Partly Skimmed Milk with Added Milk Solids 30 floz. 852 ml
49. (naming the flavour) Skim Milk with Added Milk Solids, (naming the flavour) Partly Skimmed Milk with Added Milk Solids 30 floz. 852 ml
50. Soup (ready-to-serve) floz. 200 ml
51. Sterilized Milk 30 floz. 852 ml
52. Vegetable Juices floz. 114 ml
53. Vegetable Drinks floz. 114 ml
54. Vegetable Drink Concentrates, Mixes and Bases (ready-to-serve) floz. 114 ml
55. Vegetable (other than baked beans and cooked potatoes) 3.5 oz. 100 g
56. Vegetables, baked beans 8.5 oz. 250 g
57. Vegetables, cooked potatoes oz. 200 g
58. Yeast 0.5 oz. 14 g
59. Yogurt, plain oz. 150 g

Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake

Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intakes (WRNI) became part of the Food and Drug Regulations in 1996. They are considered to represent the nutritional needs of the total population because they are weighted according to the age and sex distribution of the Canadian population.
The Weighted Recommended Nutrient intake is used to determine whether a food provides a sufficient amount of a nutrient to qualify for a health claim, for example, a health claim pertaining to:

  • sodium, potassium and hypertension [item 1 (b) in column 2 of the table following B.01.603, FDR], and
  • saturated fat, trans fat, and heart disease [item 3 (b) in column 2 of the table following B.01.603, FDR]
Table: Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake for Vitamins [Table II to Part D, Division 1, FDR]
Item column I
Vitamin
Column II
Units
Column III
Amount
1. Biotin µg 90
2. Folacin µg 195
3. Niacin NE 16
4. Pantothenic Acid mg 5.0
5. Riboflavin mg 1.2
6. Thiamine mg 1.0
7. Vitamin A RE 870
8. Vitamin B6 mg 1.0
9. Vitamin B12 µg 1.0
10. Vitamin C mg 34
11. Vitamin D µg 3.0
12. Vitamin E mg 7.0
Table: Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake for Mineral Nutrients [Table II to Part D, Division 2, FDR]
Item Column I
Mineral Nutrient
Column II
Units
Column III
Amount
1. Calcium mg 780
2. Iodide µg 155
3. Iron mg 10
4. Phosphorus mg 885
5. Magnesium mg 210
6. Zinc mg 10

µg = micrograms
NE = niacin equivalents
mg = milligrams
RE = retinol equivalents

Daily Value and % Daily Value

The Daily Value (DV) is the reference point upon which the % Daily Value is based. The Daily Values are also used to set criteria for the nutrient content claims for vitamins and mineral nutrients. The Daily Value is the quantity applicable to a nutrient according to the Table of Daily Values [B.01.001(1), B.01.001.1(2), FDR]. The Table of Daily Values is a two-part table that sets out the recommended amounts of nutrients for specific age groups.

Part 1 of the table sets out the Daily Values for macronutrients and sodium for the following age groups:

  • Food intended solely for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age (column 2); and
  • Food intended for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age, or for children four years of age or older, and for adults (column 3).

Part 2 of the table sets out the Daily Values for vitamin and mineral nutrients for the following age groups:

  • Food intended solely for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age (column 2);
  • Food intended for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age, or children one year of age or older but less than four years of age (column 3); and
  • Any other case (column 4).

This Table of Daily Values document is incorporated by reference (IbR) in the Food and Drug Regulations.

The % Daily Value is a relative amount of the nutrient in a serving compared to an amount recommended to be consumed in the daily diet. For example, 10 % DV Calcium means: 1 serving of this food provides 10 % of the Calcium a person should consume in one day.

The % Daily Value of the nutrient in one serving, rounded as indicated in the Core Nutrition Information Table and Additional Nutrition Information Table, is declared in the Nutrition Facts table. It is calculated as:

% Daily Value = Amount of nutrient per serving ÷ Daily Value of nutrient X 100

For nutrients present in a food in quantities greater than 100 percent of the Daily Value, the true percentage must be declared (e.g., 110 % DV), taking into account the rounding rules.

The following example indicates how to calculate the % Daily Value of fat, the sum of saturated and trans fats, and minerals, using the Nutrition Labelling Table of Daily Values: Part 1 – Daily values for macronutrients and sodium and Part 2 – Daily values for vitamin and mineral nutrients.

1 cup (250 ml) of tomato soup (ready to serve) contains:

  • 3.83 g fat
  • 0.970 g saturated fat
  • 0.060 g trans fat
  • 15.49 g sugars
  • 649 mg sodium
  • 326 mg potassium
  • 33 micrograms (µg) Vitamin A RAE
  • 16 micrograms (µg) DFE folate

To express these quantities as a percentage of the Daily Value, divide the amount of each nutrient by the Daily Value, as applicable for that nutrient, and multiply by 100. Note that the figures are rounded as specified in the Core Nutrition Information Table and Additional Nutrition Information Table. The percent Daily Values below are calculated using the amounts after rounding. (Note: since this example is a food intended for children one year of age or older and adults, the Daily Values in column 3 (Food intended for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age or for children four years of age or older and adults) in Part 1 – Daily values for macronutrients and sodium and column 4 (Any other case) in Part 2 – Daily values for vitamin and mineral nutrients are used.

  • For Total Fat:
    Daily Value: 75 g
    3.83 g is rounded to 4.0 g
    4 / 75 x 100 = 5.33 % is rounded to 5 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 3 in the Core Nutrition Information Table.
  • For Saturated Fat:
    0.970 g is rounded to 1.0 g as per rounding rules in Item 4 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Trans Fat:
    0.060 g is rounded to 0.1 g as per rounding rules in Item 5 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Saturated Fat + Trans Fat:
    Daily Value: 20 g
    1.1 g (consisting of 1.0 g saturated fat and 0.1 g trans fat)
    1.1 / 20 x 100 = 5.5 % is rounded to 6 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 6 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Sugars:
    Daily Value: 100 g
    15.49 g is rounded to 15 g
    15 /100 x 100 = 15 % is rounded to 15 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 11 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Sodium:
    Daily Value: 2300 mg
    649 mg is rounded to 650 mg
    650 / 2300 x 100 = 28.26 % is rounded to 28 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 8 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Potassium:
    Daily Value: 4700 mg
    326 mg is rounded 350 g
    350/4700 x 100 = 7.447 % is rounded to 7 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 13 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Vitamin A RAE:
    Daily Value: 900 µg
    33 µg is rounded to 30 µg
    30/900 µg x 100 = 3.33 % is rounded to 3 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 14 in the Additional Nutrition Information Table
  • For Folate:
    Daily Value: 400 µg DFE
    16 µg is rounded to 15 µg DFE
    15 / 400 x 100 = 3.75 % DV is rounded to 4 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 23 in the Additional Nutrition Information Table

It is the manufacturer's responsibility to ensure that the declared nutrient value accurately reflects the nutrient content of the product. For vitamins and minerals (e.g., sodium, potassium, vitamin A and folate), the % DV is based on the rounded amount, by weight, of each nutrient [B.01.401 (1.2), B.01.402 (2.2), FDR]. For the macronutrients (e.g., Total Fat, Saturated Fat + Trans Fat, Sugars), the manufacturer may calculate the % DV based on rounded or unrounded amounts, by weight, of each nutrient. When deciding whether to use the unrounded or rounded amounts, by weight, for the purposes of calculating the % DV of the macronutrients, the manufacturer should consider the % DV that will fall within the acceptable tolerances (as stated in the Nutrition Labelling Compliance Test), provide the greatest consistency on the food label, and prevent any unnecessary consumer confusion.

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