Test markets issued under the now repealed Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations

The Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (FFVR) contained provisions to allow for the granting of exemptions in order to test market products with respect to elements such as grading, packaging and labelling. With the coming into force of the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations (SFCR) and the repeal of the FFVR, many of the test markets in the table below were incorporated into the SFCR. For example, grade requirements, which were moved into an incorporated by reference document, have been updated based on successful test markets for specific products.

The test markets in the table below fall into one of the following categories:

  • Test markets reflected in or incorporated into the SFCR; these products no longer require a test market in order to be marketed.
  • Test markets not incorporated into the SFCR; these test markets are no longer valid and the product cannot be marketed in Canada. In rare cases, a test market may be reissued.
  • Test markets issued less than 24 months ago and therefore are still within the validity period. These will continue to be valid for the period for which they were issued.
Status of test markets issued under the now repealed Fresh Fruits and Vegetable Regulations (FFVR)
Product Starting date Nature of test market issued under the FFVR prior to the coming into force of the SFCR Current status SFCR reference
Apples 29 November 1996 Test market will allow tags on apple bags printed with the mandatory information required under the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) such as grade, diameter size range, variety, country of origin, registration number. Mandatory information required by other legislation, such as the Food and Drug Regulations or Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations, must be declared on the bag as prescribed by that legislation

This test market has not been incorporated into the SFCR and is no longer valid.

Establishment registration numbers no longer exist under the SFCR, and diameter size range is only required if apple bags are not transparent.

To offer some flexibility, grade, variety, country of origin and diameter size range (if applicable) may be on a sticker and/or in the check-off form on a bag of apples.

Apples 06 June 1997 Test market will exempt watercore requirements for Fuji variety of apples and harmonize Canadian and U.S. Standards for watercore. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 7(2)(i), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Apples 06 October 1997 Test market will amend paragraph 5(2)(a) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow maximum container capacity for apples to be 200 kg net weight. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 193(1)(a), SFCR
Apples 02 December 2002 Test market will allow the marketing of "Lady" apples or other such apple varieties used for ornamental purposes, with a diameter of two inches and less. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 5, CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Apples 07 June 2004 Test market will amend subsection 5(2) of Schedule I, Part I of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to permit the marketing of Canada Extra Fancy and Canada Fancy apples of different varieties in containers not exceeding 20 kg. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 8(2), 10, CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Apricots 07 June 2004 Test market will amend paragraph 5(2)(a) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow for maximum container capacity for apricots to be 200 kg net weight. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 193(1)(a), SFCR
Beets 01 June 2010 Test market will amend Item 1 of Table I of Schedule II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to introduce a three (3) pound (1.36 kg) standard container size for beets. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. Schedule 3, table 2, item 7, SFCR
Beets 24 October 2016

Test market will amend paragraph 11(b) of Schedule I, Part II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow beets of various colours to be packaged together.

The paragraph will read: (changes in bold)

11. In addition to the standards for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 14 and 15, beets of all grades shall

(b) have similar varietal characteristics, or be in accordance with the variety or colour marked on the container or on the label;

This test market was not incorporated into the SFCR since, at the time of publication of the SFCR in Canada Gazette II on June 13, 2018, this test market was still within the validity period. This test market was reissued on June 03, 2019 and is valid until June 03, 2024.
Blueberries 24 July 2000 Test market will amend paragraph 2.1(2)(c.1) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) exempting blueberries for processing from the FFVR, unless a grade is declared This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 306(2)(c), 307(a), SFCR
Cantaloups 20 July 2009 Test market will amend paragraph 2.1(2)(c.1) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) exempting cantaloups from the FFVR, unless a grade is declared. This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 306(2)(c), 307(a), SFCR
Carrots 01 March 2008

Test market will amend paragraph 31(b) of Schedule I, Part II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) allowing for carrots of different varieties or colors to be marketed within a package. Paragraph 31(b) will read: (changes in bold)

31. In addition to the standards for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 34 and 35, carrots of all grades shall

(b) have similar varietal characteristics, or be in accordance with the variety or color marked on the container or on the label

This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 120(b), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Crabapples 20 July 2009 Test market will amend paragraph 2.1(2)(c.1) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) exempting crabapples from the FFVR, unless a grade is declared. This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 306(2)(c), 307(a), SFCR
Cranberries 31 October 2008 Test market will amend paragraph 2.1(2)(c.1) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) exempting cranberries from the FFVR, unless a grade is declared This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 306(2)(c), 307(a), SFCR
Field Rhubarb 20 July 2009 Test market will amend paragraph 2.1(2)(c.1) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) exempting field rhubarb from the FFVR, unless a grade is declared. This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 306(2)(c), 307(a), SFCR
Grapes Vitis vinifera type table grapes 18 September 1995 Test market will amend the Grades and Standards for Grapes and introduce requirements for grapes of varieties grown from Vitis vinifera for table grapes. This test market was reissued on June 05, 2019 and is valid until June 05, 2024.
Greenhouse Cucumbers 01 May 1996 Test market will introduce a Canada Utility Grade for greenhouse cucumbers to the Grades and Standards for Greenhouse Cucumbers in Schedule I, Part II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed). This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 149, 153, 154(2), CGC Table Note 1Volume 2
Greenhouse Cucumbers 01 December 2006 Test market will amend subparagraphs 62(1)(e)(ii) and 63(1)(d)(ii) of Schedule I, Part II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow for the minimum length of Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2 cucumbers to be 76 mm (3 inches), when the cucumbers are other than long seedless cucumbers or if under 76 mm (3 inches), conform to the size range marked on the container. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 151(1)(e)(ii), CGC Table Note 1Volume 2
Nectarines 07 July 2010 Test market will amend sections 57, 59, 60 and 61 of Schedule I, Part I of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to include nectarines and their sizing requirements in the peach grades and standards. This test market will be restricted to domestically grown nectarines shipped interprovincially and will consequently exempt imported nectarines from subsections 3(1.1) and 3(1.2) of Part I and subsections 5(2) and paragraph 10(1)(a) of Part II of the FFVR (now repealed). This test market was reissued on July 22, 2019 and is valid until July 22, 2024.
Onions 30 May 1997

Test market will amend subparagraph 74(c)(iv) of Schedule I, Part II of the of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) and introduce a larger upper size range for "Small" size onions (1 ¼ inches to 2 inches). Container must be marked with or bear a label attached to the container with the word "Small" in close proximity to the grade name.

This test market may be used to market cippoline variety onions (flat button shaped).

This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 161(3), 164(c)(iv), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Onions 27 May 1997 Test market will allow for Canada No. 1 onions of the following sizes, ½ inch to 1 inch, ½ inch to 1 ½ inches, 1 ¼ inches to 2 inches, and 1 ¾ inches to 3 inches, to be packaged in 10 oz containers when the size is declared on the package. This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information.

164(c), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2

Schedule 3, table 2, item 8, SFCR

Onions 11 March 2011 Test market will amend Schedule I, Part II, paragraph 73(b), "Grades and Standards for Onions", of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to permit the marketing of mixed varieties of onions packaged in 1.36 kg (3 lb) or less containers. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information.

CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2

163(2), SFCR

Onions 20 April 2015 Test market will amend paragraph 8(c) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow onions to be packaged in reusable plastic shipping containers (RPCs) that are clean and in sanitary condition. This test market is reflected in the SFCR as there is no requirement for onion containers to be new in SFCR. 186, SFCR
Peaches 11 September 1998 Test market will amend the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to remove the requirement to label containers with the minimum peach diameter and permits pre-stamped baskets with Canada No. 1 designation. This test market is reflected in the SFCR as there is no requirement for labelling with the minimum peach diameter in SFCR.
Peaches 07 June 2004 Test market will amend paragraph 5(2)(a) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow maximum container capacity for peaches to be 200 kg net weight. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 193(1)(a), SFCR
Pears 24 January 1994 Test market will introduce a new hail standard in the Canada Fancy grade. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 70(1)(d), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Pears 11 September 1998 Test market provides an exemption to the requirement to label the pear variety on containers and permits pre-stamped baskets with Canada No. 1 designation. This test market is reflected in the SFCR as there is no requirement for labelling of pear variety in SFCR.
Pears 07 June 2004 Test market will amend paragraph 5(2)(a) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow maximum container capacity for pears to be 200 kg net weight. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 193(1)(a), SFCR
Potatoes 06 December 1993 Test market will amend the letter size requirement for the declaration of "Yellow flesh potatoes" to be the same as per subsection 12(2) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed). The new letter size will allow the labelling of "Yellow Fleshed" to vary in relation to the size of the principal display surface, rather than have it a minimum of ½ inch in height. This test market is reflected in the SFCR as there is no requirement for declaration of yellow fleshed potatoes in the SFCR.
Potatoes 13 March 1995

Test market will introduce a 15 lb (6.8 kg) standard container into Column II of Item 5, Table I of Schedule II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed).

This standard container size is for Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2 potatoes (excluding Canada No. 1 Small Round and Canada No. 1 Small Long, which were subsequently introduced).

This test market was reissued on April 29, 2019 for Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2 potatoes (excluding Canada No. 1 Small Round and Canada No. 1 Small Long) and is valid until April 29, 2021.
Potatoes 03 April 1995 Test market will introduce a new size: Canada No. 1 Small (1 ½ inches to 2 ¼ inches), round type varieties packaged in containers of 3 lb, 5 lb, 50 lb, 75 lb and 100 lb in the case of prepackaged produce, 110 lb in the case of wholesale containers. This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 179(2)(i)(i)(A), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Potatoes 15 May 1996 Test market will introduce a new size: Canada No. 1 Creamer, ¾ inch to 1 ⅝ inches. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 179(2)(i)(iii)(A), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Potatoes 30 May 1997 Test market will introduce a new Size: Canada No. 1 Small (1 ½ inches to 2 inches), long type varieties packaged in containers of 3 lb , 5 lb , 50 lb, 75 lb and 100 lb in the case of prepackaged produce, 110 lb in the case of wholesale containers.
(Note: The test market issued on 11 October 2011 allows an additional option for the marketing of non-russet varieties of small long-type potatoes with a size range of 1 ½ inches to 2 ¼ inches, labelled with the words "Non-Russet" in close proximity to the size designation or to the words "Small Long").
This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 179(2)(i)(ii)(A), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Potatoes 26 June 2000 Test market will permit the packing of a mixed variety (e.g., yellow, red, blue or purple) of Canada No. 1 Creamer potatoes in containers 3 lb or less. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 178(2), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Potatoes 21 August 2001 Test market will amend subparagraph 89(2)(g)(i) of Schedule I, Part II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to amend the date for Canada No. 1, new round potatoes from September 16 to October 1. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 179(2)(j)(i), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Potatoes 29 September 2003 Test market will amend subsection 6.1(2) and Column II of Item 5, Table I of Schedule II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow the test marketing of potatoes in containers with a net weight of 1.36 kg (3 lb) and less. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. Schedule 3, table 2, item 6, SFCR
Potatoes 22 September 2008

Test market will allow for the marketing of Canada No. 1 Creamer (¾ inch to 1 ⅝ inches) potatoes of mixed variety/type in standard containers of 1.36 kg (3 lbs) or less or 2.27 kg (5 lb) within Canada.

It will also allow for Canada No. 1 Small (1 ½ inches to 2 ¼ inches) potatoes of mixed variety/type in standard containers of 1.36 kg (3 lb) or less or 2.27 kg (5 lb) within Canada.

This test market provides a labelling exemption to allow for the declaration "may contain yellow fleshed potatoes" on the above potato sizes of mixed variety/ type potatoes in standard containers of 5 lb or 3 lb and less.

(This test market is superseded by the July 20, 2009 test market which allows for the voluntary declaration of "may contain yellow fleshed potatoes", as opposed to a mandatory declaration).

This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information.

Note that there is no requirement for the declaration of yellow fleshed potatoes in the SFCR.

178(2), CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Potatoes 01 December 2008 Test market will amend the potato grade standard contained in the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed). Those changes pertain to the tolerances established for knobs removed, sprouts, greening, sunburn, grass root and wireworm holes and hollow heart. Size tolerances would be harmonized with those of the United States and the general tolerances would be based on internal and external defects. In addition, the maximum weight for "Chef" and "Large" size potatoes would reflect those established for diameter. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information.

176-181, CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2

30, 31, Grade Standard Requirements for Fresh Fruits or Vegetables Imported from the United States

Potatoes 20 July 2009

Test market will amend subsection 10(6.1) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow the voluntary declaration of yellow fleshed potatoes, as opposed to a mandatory declaration. Subsection 10(6.1) will read: (changes in bold)

10(6.1) Every label applied to a container of potatoes of a yellow fleshed variety may show, on the principal display surface of the container and in bold face type in letters of a size prescribed in section 12, the words

(a) "yellow fleshed", where the common name of the produce is shown elsewhere on the container; or

(b) "yellow fleshed potatoes", where the common name of the produce is not shown elsewhere on the container.

This test market supersedes the requirement of the September 22, 2008 test market to declare "may contain yellow fleshed potatoes" in Canada No. 1 Creamer and Canada No. 1 Small potatoes of mixed variety/type in standard containers of 5 lb, or 3 lb and less.

This test market is reflected in the SFCR as there is no requirement for a declaration of yellow fleshed potatoes in the SFCR.
Potatoes 11 October 2011 Test market will amend clause 89(2)(f)(ii)(A) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to permit the marketing of non-russet varieties of small long-type potatoes with size range of 1 ½ inches to 2 ¼ inches, provided these are labelled with the words "Non-Russet" in close proximity to the size designation or to the words "Small Long". (This test market is in addition to the requirement of the 30 May 1997 test market and permits an additional option for the marketing of small long potatoes of non-russet varieties). This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 179(2)(i)(ii)(A), CGC Table Note 1Volume 2
Potatoes 01 June 2014 Test market will amend Table III of Schedule II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to introduce a container of a 3-litre volume capacity for potatoes only. This TMA was reissued on August 28, 2019 and is valid until February 28, 2021.
Potatoes 20 April 2015 Test market will amend paragraph 8(c) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow potatoes to be packaged in reusable plastic shipping containers (RPCs) that are clean and in sanitary condition. This test market is reflected in the SFCR as there is no requirement for potato containers to be new in SFCR. 186, SFCR
Potatoes 31 July 2018 Test market will amend item 5 of Schedule II, Table 1 of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow 1.81 kg (4 lb) bags of Creamer Potatoes to be marketed nationally in Canada. This test market is valid until July 31, 2020.
Potatoes 12 December 2018 Test market will amend clause 89(2)(f)(i), Schedule I, Part II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow Canada No. 1 round potatoes that have a diameter of at least 51 mm (2 inches) and a minimum of 60% having a diameter of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) or greater for the various packaging formats. This test market is valid until December 12, 2019.
Color Enhancement 29 November 1996 Test market will permit the usage of color enhancement and bands on prepackaged produce. Addressed through policy. Coloured packaging may be permitted when it does not enhance the appearance of the food in a manner that is false or misleading, and allows the consumer to see the product clearly (for example, coloured plastic bag with a clear window or a mesh bag).
Condition defects applied against the grade at destination for commodities specified in paragraph 3(2)(a) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) 25 July 2003 Test market will exempt the following commodities: apples, beets, cabbage, carrots, onions, parsnips, pears, potatoes and rutabagas (irrespective of the general tolerances at a time other than at the time of shipping or repacking contained in their respective grades and standards of Schedule I, Part I and II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations) from section 3(2)(a) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed). In other words, condition defects will no longer apply against the grade at destination for any commodity. This means no detention action is necessary at destination for excessive condition defects for any commodity. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 19(3), 74, 104, 117, 124, 168, 175, 181(3), 186, CGC Table Note 1 Volume 2
Establishment Registration Number 03 August 2009 Test market will amend subsection 12(2), introduce subsection 12(7) and amend section 63, including paragraphs (a) and (b) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow for the option of affixing the establishment registration number to every pallet of produce in a lot, as an alternative to the mandatory use of the establishment registration number on every container of prepackaged produce conveyed interprovincially from a registered establishment. This test market is reflected in the SFCR as there is no requirement for an establishment registration number in the SFCR.
Fresh fruit and vegetables marketed in combination with other fresh fruit and vegetables 01 June 2009 Test market will amend paragraphs 2.1(2)(g) and (h) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow the marketing of fresh fruit and vegetables in combination with other fresh fruit and vegetables. This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 110, 111, SFCR
Graded vegetables with standard container sizes packaged in containers of 1.36 kg (3 lb) or less 29 October 2010 Test market will amend Part II, subsection 6.1(2) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to allow all graded vegetables with standard container sizes to be packaged in any suitable container in which the net quantity of the produce is 1.36 kg (3 lb) or less. This test market supersedes the test market issued September 29, 2003, allowing potatoes to be marketed in any suitable container of 1.36 kg (3 lb) or less and the test market issued June 1, 2010, allowing beets to be marketed in containers of 1.36 kg (3 lb) or less. Additionally, Schedule II of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) will be amended to exclude all container sizes of less than 1.36 kg (3 lb) to correspond with the above test market. This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. Schedule 3, table 2, items 5-10, SFCR
Labelling 29 November 1996

Test market will amend subparagraph 4(b)(i) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations (now repealed) to read:

4. Subject to sections 6 and 6.1, this Part does not apply in respect of produce that is

(b) displayed in bulk in a retail store

(i) unlabelled, except for bar codes, number codes, environmental statements and product treatment symbols, sold in one unit, and packaged in an otherwise clear, transparent, protective wrapping.

This test market is reflected in the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 213(c), SFCR
Labelling – Type size of letters and numerals on labels applied to reusable plastic containers (RPC) 27 April 2012

Test market will allow the declaration of net quantity, grade name, registration number and country origin to be shown in letters and numerals of not less than 1/16 of an inch (1.6 mm) on RPC shipping containers.

Based on the Test Market, subsections 12(2) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Regulations (now repealed) will be amended.

This test market has been incorporated into the SFCR. Refer to the pertinent SFCR provision(s) for more information. 208, 271, 320(2), 321(b)(i), SFCR

Table Note

Table Note 1

CGC refers to the Canadian Grade Compendium.

Return to table note 1  referrer

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