Fact sheet: Exporting food
Safe Food for Canadians Regulations
Although the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations (SFCR) came into force on January 15, 2019, certain requirements are being phased in over the following 12 to 30 months. For more information, refer to the SFCR timelines.
Under the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations (SFCR) new food safety requirements apply to businesses that prepare food to be exported outside of Canada.
Is your business ready?
As an exporter, the food you export needs to meet Canadian requirements, as well as those of the importing country, before you can export your food. When there are no requirements in the foreign country, you still need to comply with applicable Canadian law.
In most cases, exporters need to ensure that:
- the food they export has been manufactured, processed, treated, preserved, graded, packaged, or labelled by a business holding a licence for any of these activities
- if the food is a meat product, the food animal from which the meat product is derived would have to be slaughtered by a business holding a licence
As import requirements for certificates vary from one importing country to another, please verify the need for a certificate before you ship. Exporters need a licence in order to request an export certificate or Certificate of Free Sale.
Find out if and when you need a licence by using the licensing interactive tool. It only takes 5 minutes.
2. Preventive controls
As an exporter, you are required to keep food safe by:
Knowing your food
- be certain that your food meets applicable requirements, including those for safety, grading, standards, labelling, and net quantity
- verify that the food product you will be shipping matches information provided on the export certificate and other shipping documents
- have contact information for the persons who prepared the food, and the persons who are importing your food products
Knowing your foreign market
- be aware of the importing country's requirements
- ensure that you are eligible for specific markets and have obtained required inspection or certification services from the CFIA while your food is still in Canada
In addition, you may be required to keep food safe by:
Writing a preventive control plan – Write down and review regularly that:
- all certificates and shipping documents are on file
- food safety controls are in place
- procedures are established for handling complaints and recalls
- you have verified that your plan is working as planned
A PCP demonstrates that, as an exporter, you understand the risks associated with the food you export. It sets out the applicable preventive controls to the food you export and describes the measures you are taking to control those risks.
The SFCR requires that food to be exported be prepared by a licence holder. If you need to obtain an export certificate from the CFIA, you require a licence as well as a written PCP.
Find out if and when you need a preventive control plan (PCP) by using the preventive control plan interactive tool. It only takes 5 minutes.
Under the SFCR, you need to keep clear and readable records that trace where you sourced your food and to whom you provided it. This can significantly reduce the time it takes to notify foreign counterparts in the event that a product needs to be recalled.
Find out what traceability requirements apply to you and when by using the traceability interactive tool. It only takes 5 minutes.
Why it matters
The SFCR requires that foods exported from Canada are prepared under internationally recognized food safety controls. This enhances market access for Canadian exports.
Learn more at www.inspection.gc.ca/safefood and access tools including:
- Video: Get Ready for the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations
- Video: SFCR – Exporting Food
- Understanding the SFCR: A handbook for food businesses
- A guide for preparing a preventive control plan – For domestic food businesses
- Infographic: 3 Key Principles for Exporters
- Exporting food: A step-by-step guide
- Exporting to the US: Foreign Supplier Verification Program
- Getting started: Toolkit for businesses
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