European Union - Canada Organic Equivalency Arrangement (EUCOEA) overview
Although the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations (SFCR) came into force on January 15, 2019, certain requirements are being phased in over the following 12 to 30 months. For more information, refer to the SFCR timelines.
Requirements for Canadian organic agricultural products for export to EU covered under the EUCOEA
As per the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/459 dated March 18, 2016 the following products certified according to the Canada Organic Regime by one of the CFIA accredited Certification bodies are accepted as organic in the EU:
- unprocessed plant products
- live animals or unprocessed animal products
- processed agricultural products for use as food
- processed agricultural products for use as feed
- vegetative propagating material and seeds for cultivation
Unprocessed plant products, live animals or unprocessed animal products and vegetative propagating material and seeds for cultivation have to be grown in Canada.
Processed agricultural products for use as food and processed agricultural products for use as feed have to be processed in Canada with organically grown ingredients grown in Canada or imported into Canada in accordance with the Organic Products Regulations, 2009.
The recognition of the equivalence of Canada's systems of production and control measures also applies to organic wine certified in accordance with the Canadian Organic Products Regulations, 2009.
Canadian organic products exported to EU under the EUCOEA must be accompanied by a "Certificate of Inspection for Import of products from Organic production into the European Community - PDF (2,125 kb)." (the "Certificate of Inspection") as per Article 13 and Annex V of Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1235/2008.
The certification body operating in Canada has to prepare, sign and stamp this "Certificate of Inspection". In Box # 2 the certification body operating in Canada must mark the box associated with "Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007, Article 33(2)".
Organic products exported from Canada to the EU under this Arrangement may bear the EU logo, under the conditions spelled out in article 24 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 - PDF (191 kb). The logo can be downloaded from the European Commission's website
All organic products imported into the EU must meet EU labelling requirements.
Requirements for EU organic products exported to Canada
Agricultural products, including wine, which are produced and processed in the European Union and which are:
- certified in conformity with Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2008 by an EU control authority or control body approved in accordance with Article 27 of Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007; and
- accompanied by the certificate which is issued by an EU control authority or control body
are deemed equivalent to those products that have been produced and processed in accordance with the Canadian Organic Products Regulations, 2009 (OPR 2009).
These products may be sold, labelled and represented in Canada as organic, including displaying the Canadian organic logo as well as the EU organic logo as set out in the Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2008.
Organic agricultural products produced and processed in EU and certified to the European Organic System are accepted as organic in Canada without additional certification.
Ingredients of processed products must be produced in the EU or imported into the EU in accordance with Article 33 of Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 - PDF (191 kb)
Organic products exported to Canada must be accompanied by an organic certificate issued by an EU Control body listed in the List of Control Authorities in Charge of Controls in the Organic Sector provided for in Article 35(b) of Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007
Organic products certified in accordance with the European Organic System and exported to Canada may bear the Canada Organic Logo. A copy of the logo must be requested from the Control bodies responsible for the certification.
Organic products imported into Canada must meet Canadian labelling requirements.
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