Hazards for moving firewood
This page is part of the Guidance Document Repository (GDR).
Looking for related documents?
Search for related documents in the Guidance Document Repository
Don't move firewood
Help protect our forests. Buy local. Burn local.
The movement of firewood poses a substantial risk to Canada's economy and environment.
Transporting firewood may seem harmless but can lead to the spread of pests such as insects, plants and diseases. A mass infestation of an invasive species can limit your ability to enjoy the environment around you and negatively affect the property value of your home.
Refrain from moving any firewood to prevent the spread of pests. Moving untreated firewood, to or from a campground or cottage, can spread invasive species and diseases.
Attention: Be aware of movement restrictions
Moving firewood from places where regulated pests have been found can be a violation of the Plant Protection Act, with penalties of up to $50,000 and/or prosecution. Be aware of movement restrictions that may be in place before you move wood or wood products.
For more information about these restrictions, contact your local Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) office.
|When moving wood is not allowed||When moving wood is allowed|
To protect our forest resources, moving firewood outside of a regulated area is prohibited. As the invasive alien species present in Canada have different distributions, it is important to be familiar with the pests present in your area. Visit the pest links listed below (by province) to learn more about their regulated areas.
- Currently free from pests of concern related to firewood
Newfoundland and Labrador
- Currently free from regulated pests associated with firewood
Going to a national park? Help protect it
National parks are among Canada's, and the world's, natural gems. They are a source of pride for Canadians and an integral part of our identity, which is why it is so important to keep these ecosystems healthy and whole.
If you're travelling to a national park, you can take one easy step to prevent the introduction of invasive species and ensure the long-term health of our parks' ecosystems: don't bring firewood with you. To be safe, all firewood must be bought on the Parks Canada property.
Invasive species and why are they a threat
Invasive species are insects, plants and diseases that become established in areas to which they are not native and whose impact is likely to be harmful to the environment, economy or human health.
As world-wide trade and travel increase, the risk of spreading invasive species rises, potentially resulting in complete infestation in some plant species. They are often quick to adapt and spread, and usually don't have any natural predators in the new environment.
If these pests do spread, the trees in our forests can be killed, affecting our air and water quality, as well as our economy. Plant pests can also deprive animals of their habitat and damage private property.
The emerald ash borer, for example, has killed millions of ash trees in Canada since it first arrived from Asia. On its own, it doesn't move very far. Hiding in firewood, though, it can travel vast distances when that wood is moved by people.
Canadians can do their part by staying informed of how pests spread, reporting suspected sightings, spreading the word and keeping firewood local.
The CFIA is dedicated to preventing the spread of plant pests. The CFIA has import requirements in place, regulates the movement of plant species in Canada, monitors invasive species that are not yet established in Canada, and determines if invasive species are established.
Learn more about invasive species and how to identify them.
What you can do to prevent the spread of invasive species
Buy and burn your firewood locally. Transporting wood long distances can lead to a free ride for invasive species of all sorts across Canada.
Know where the wood is coming from. If you buy wood from a local supplier, don't be afraid to ask where it came from. Buy wood that was cut less than 80 kilometres away from where it is being sold.
Don't "judge a book by its cover". Just because you can't see signs of pest infestation doesn't mean the pests aren't there. It can be extremely difficult to notice insects, insect eggs and fungi spores on wood.
Spread the word, not the bug. Tell your family, friends and colleagues. If you are having people over for a fire or going on a group trip, make sure those who are joining you are aware of this threat.
You cannot import firewood from any country, with the exception of certain parts of the United States. For the areas in which it can be imported, strict requirements must be met.
Firewood that does not meet Canada's import requirements will be refused entry, returned to its place of origin or disposed of at the importer's expense. You could also face penalties or prosecution if you do not declare restricted or prohibited items such as firewood. When returning to Canada, declare all foods, animals, plants and related products at customs.
- Date modified: