Grape phylloxera – Daktulosphaira vitifoliae or Viteus vitifoliae
Grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae or Viteus vitifoliae) is a small, aphid-like insect that infests grape plants. Grape phylloxera form galls (swellings on plant surfaces) on the leaves and/or roots of grapevines. The occurrence and location of these galls depends on the strain of phylloxera, the species and variety of grapevine (graft and rootstock), the soil, and other conditions.
Grape phylloxera is essentially found in every country that grows grapes. Native to eastern North America, grape phylloxera was brought around the world in the 1800s with new cultivars and has continued to spread ever since. In Canada, grape phylloxera occurs naturally in Ontario through Nova Scotia. It has also been detected at low levels in the Okanagan Valley over the last 60 years and was detected on Vancouver Island for the first time in 2020.
When grape phylloxera is detected, grape plants at an affected location (excluding fruit and seed), are placed under a Notice of Prohibition of Movement by the CFIA. Detections do not prevent the harvest or movement of grape fruit at the affected locations.
Report detections to the CFIA
Acts and regulations we enforce
What information is available
- D-94-34: Import Requirements for Grapevine Propagative Material
- D-94-35: List of Sources Approved to Export Fruit Tree and Grape Propagative Material to Canada
- D-97-06 – Plant protection export certification program for grapevine nursery stock, vitis spp.
Additional government and industry information
- Province of Ontario – Grape Phylloxera – Pest Management Program for Grape Series
- Province of British Columbia – Grape Production
- Quebec Reference Centre for Agriculture and Agri-food – Phylloxéra (French only)
- Washington State University – Grape Insects
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