2018-2019 Plant Protection Survey Report
The objectives of the Plant Protection program within the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) are to prevent the introduction and spread within Canada of plant pests of quarantine significance, to detect and control or eradicate designated plant pests in Canada, and to certify plants and plant products for domestic and export trade.
Plant protection surveys support the Plant Protection Program in a number of ways. They help to detect new populations of quarantine pests or potential quarantine pests being considered for regulation. Delimitation surveys are also conducted to determine the range of pest populations with limited distributions in Canada (ISPM no 08). Surveillance data allows Canada to maintain claims of Pest Free Area (ISPM no 04), Pest Free Place of Production & Pest Free Production Site (ISPM no 10) status, and supports our ability to meet a number of international phytosanitary standards under the International Plant Protection Convention. Surveys provide information in support of import, export and domestic regulatory programs. They are a key contribution to policy development and trade negotiations. In all cases, reliable and accurate pest distribution data provides the basis for sound regulatory decisions. The information may be used for a variety of purposes, including reasons for removing, altering, or even not establishing a quarantine regulation. Plant pest surveys are also an integral part of control and eradication programs (ISPM no 09).
In the 2018-2019 fiscal year (April 1, 2018 to March 31, 2019), the CFIA conducted surveys for the plant pests listed below.
|Forest Pests||Provinces Surveyed||Results Table Note 1|
|Asian longhorned beetle
|BC,SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL||No detections.|
|Emerald ash borer
|BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL||
NB: Detection in Edmundston
|Invasive alien forest insects||BC,ON, QC, NB, NS, NL||No regulated pests or pests of quarantine significance were detected outside of their known range.|
European gypsy moth
|BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL||
BC: Adult moths detected in Surrey, Cowichan Valley, Castlegar, Courtenay, Crescent Beach, Campbell River, Chilliwack.
|Brown spruce longhorn beetle (Tetropium fuscum)||QC, NB, PE, NL||NB: Detected at one site in Westmorland County.|
|Hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae)||ON, QC, NB, NS, PE||NS: No new detections.|
|Oak wilt (Ceratocystis fagacearum)||ON, QC||No detections.|
|Horticultural Pests||Provinces Surveyed||Results Table Note 1|
|BC, ON, QC, NS||BC: Ramorum blight was detected in Abbotsford.|
|Oriental fruit moth
BC: Japanese beetle was detected in Vancouver and a single beetle was found in Delta.
|BC, ON, QC, NL||QC: Blueberry maggot was detected in the regional county municipality of Maria-Chapdelaine|
|BC||No new detections.|
|Tobacco blue mold (Peronospora hyoscyami f.sp. tabacina)||BC||No detections.|
|Plum pox virus||ON||No detections.|
|Seed Potato Pests||Provinces Surveyed||Results Table Note 1|
|Potato cyst nematode
(Globodera rostochiensis, G. pallida)
|BC, AB, SK, MB, QC, NB, PE, NL||No detections.|
|Potato wart (Synchytrium endobioticum)||PE, NL||PE: Potato wart was detected at one site|
|IASDP Pests||Provinces Surveyed||Results Table Note 1|
|Invasive plant survey: Seed and grain handling facilities||BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE||
|ON||No new detections.|
|Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica or Lymantria dispar japonica)||BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL||No detections|
- Table note 1
No detections other than those specified in Results column.
The CFIA's Plant Health Surveillance Unit is also dedicated to preventative science and research that supports risk mitigation and early detection. Research projects in which the PHSU have been involved in 2018-2019 include:
- Collaborative plant health diagnostic pilot project with the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of Guelph
- Chemical ecology of Chinese Agrilus species
- Rearing moth eggs collected on international vessels
- Improving detection survey methodology of wood boring insects
- Determining the capacity for drone technology to assess the kudzu infestation and assist the eradication program
Finally, the unit is committed to building and maintaining partnerships and networks through innovative education, outreach and awareness strategies that strengthen networks and build surveillance capacity.
The CFIA has worked closely with its partners, including provinces and municipalities to expand the reach of surveillance efforts for gypsy moth and emerald ash borer.There were a total of 483 survey sites delivered by partner organizations. Partnerships with the Invasive Species Centre, Ontario, Parks Canada Agency and the Canadian Council on Invasive Species have continued and several Memorandums of Understanding for data sharing with provinces have been established. The unit regularly holds training and outreach events with the public and stakeholders, in addition to providing internal training for CFIA inspectors. Please contact the Plant Health Surveillance Unit if you or your organization would like to receive support for training or public outreach events.
For any question regarding CFIA's plant protection surveys, please contact the Plant Health Surveillance Unit
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