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Weed Seed: Carduus nutans (Nodding thistle)



Common Name

Nodding thistle


Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.


Canadian: Occurs across Canada with the exception of NT, NU, PE, YT (Brouillet et al. 2016Footnote 1).

Worldwide: Native to northern Africa, temperate Asia, and Europe. Introduced in North America, Chile, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and beyond its native range in Europe (USDA-ARS 2016Footnote 2).

Duration of life cycle


Seed or fruit type


Identification features



Surface Texture


Other Features

Habitat and Crop Association

Old fields, pastures, rangelands, roadsides and disturbed areas (Desrochers et al. 1988Footnote 3, Darbyshire 2003Footnote 4).

General Information

Nodding thistle is believed to have arrived in eastern North America in ships' ballast, and introduced into Saskatchewan through rapeseed and dispersed along railway lines (Desrochers et al. 1988Footnote 3).

This species produces large numbers of seeds (11,000) per plant and may form dense stands in disturbed areas such as gravel pits, roadsides and overgrazed pasture (Desrochers et al. 1988Footnote 3).

Similar species

Spiny plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides)


Nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) achenes
Nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) achene
Nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) achene top peg
Nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) bottom of achene
Nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) achene
Nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) achenes

Similar species

Similar species: Spiny plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides) achenes
Similar species: Spiny plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides) achene
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