Language selection


Weed Seed: Leucanthemum vulgare (Ox-eye daisy)




Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

Common Name

Ox-eye daisy


Secondary Noxious, Class 3 and Noxious, Class 5 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.


Canadian: Occurs in all Canadian provinces and territories (Brouillet et al. 2016Footnote 1).

Worldwide: Native to Europe and western temperate Asia (USDA-ARS 2016Footnote 2). Naturalized in east and southern Africa, eastern temperate and southern tropical Asia, Australia, New Zealand, North America and parts of South America (USDA-ARS 2016Footnote 2).

Duration of life cycle


Seed or fruit type


Identification features



Surface Texture


Other Features

Habitat and Crop Association

Cultivated land (rare), hay fields, pastures, gardens, lawns, rangeland, native grasslands, forest openings, abandoned croplands, roadways, railway embankments and disturbed areas (Clements et al. 2004Footnote 3, Darbyshire 2003Footnote 4).

General Information

Ox-eye daisy was introduced to North America as an ornamental and seed contaminant in the late 1700s. By 1800, it was well established in many areas of North America (Clements et al. 2004Footnote 3).

Reproduction occurs mainly through seeds but plants can also sprout from rhizomes (Clements et al. 2004Footnote 3). A single plant may produce several thousand seeds per season that can remain viable in the soil for 5 to 40 years (Clements et al. 2004Footnote 3).

Similar species

Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum)


Ox-eye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) achenes
Ox-eye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) achene
Ox-eye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) achene, side view
Ox-eye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) top of the achene
Ox-eye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) achene

Similar species

Similar species: Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum) achene
Similar species: Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum) achenes
Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: