Plant Breeders' Rights Office
DUS site examinations
Please note that travel restrictions will remain in effect for the PBR Office until the end of 2020. Consequently, if you proceeded with planting/growing PBR trials this year, we will be unable to travel to your location and conduct the site examination this growing season. The PBR Office wishes to remind clients that under the Plant Breeders' Rights Act, all applications are subject to "provisional protection". Therefore, any delay in the PBR trial examination will have no negative impact on the status of the application, including exercising exclusive rights over the variety in the marketplace. Additionally, the PBR Office encourages clients to consider the purchase of foreign "Distinctness, Uniformity, and Stability" (DUS) Test Reports from other members of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV), where available and applicable, as an alternative to conducting PBR trials in Canada for the 2020 growing season. Please contact the PBR Office if you have any questions.
Adjusting service fees for inflation
Please note that in order to be compliant with the Service Fees Act passed by the Government of Canada in 2017, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency will adjust its fees based on the Consumer Price Index every March 31st going forward. Please consult the Plant Breeders' Rights Fee Payment form or contact the PBR Office for the most up-to-date rates.
Plant Breeders' Rights are a form of intellectual property rights by which plant breeders can protect their new varieties in the same way an inventor protects a new invention with a patent.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency administers the Plant Breeders' Rights Act (1990) and Regulations which provide legal protection to plant breeders for new plant varieties for up to 25 years for a variety of tree and vine (including their rootstocks), and 20 years for all other varieties of plants.
Apply for Plant Breeders' Rights online
You can now apply online for Plant Breeders' Rights in Canada using the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) PRISMA application tool.
What information is available
Information for applicants
- Applying for Plant Breeders' Rights – 3 part process
- Variety naming guidelines
- Varieties: Status of Plant Breeders' Rights applications and grant of rights
- Contact us
Learn about Plant Breeders' Rights
- Overview: Plant Breeders' Rights
- Guide to Plant Breeders' Rights
- Plant Varieties Journal
- Impact UPOV Conventions on Plant Breeders' Rights in Canada
- Changes to the Plant Breeders' Rights Act
- Plant biosafety
- Variety registration
- UPOV (International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants)
- UPOV Member countries
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