AAC Harovin Rouge


Denomination: 'AAC Harovin Rouge'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'HW109'
Botanical Name: Prunus persica
Applicant/Holder: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
6000 C&E Trail
Lacombe, Alberta
T4L 1W1
Breeder: David Hunter, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Vineland, Ontario
Richard Layne, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Harrow, Ontario
Agent in Canada: Vineland Research and Innovations Centre Inc.
4890 Victoria Avenue North
P.O. Box 4000
Vineland Station, Ontario
L0R 2E0
Tel: 905-562-0320
Application Date: 2013-05-02
Application Number: 13-8036
Protective direction granted: 2013-05-02
Protective direction withdrawn: 2013-05-22
Grant of Rights Date: 2015-11-02
Certificate Number: 5141
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2040-11-02

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Harblaze'

Summary: The flowering shoots of 'HW109' have sparse to medium density of flower buds whereas those of 'Harblaze' have medium to dense flower buds. The flowers of 'HW109' are non-showy whereas those of 'Harblaze' are showy. The corolla of 'HW109' are predominantly blue pink while those of 'Harblaze' are light blue violet on the inner side and blue pink at the base. The petals of 'HW109' are narrow ovate and narrower than those of 'Harblaze', which are circular. The fruit of 'HW109' has medium to large extent of over colour whereas that of 'Harblaze' has a large to very large extent of over colour. The fruit of 'HW109' has medium anthocyanin colouration around the stone whereas that of 'Harblaze' has absent or very weak anthocyanin colouration. The stone of 'HW109' is medium brown with medium anthocyanin colouration whereas that of 'Harblaze' is light brown with weak anthocyanin colouration.


TREE: medium size, medium vigour, growth habit ranging from semi-upright to spreading, mid-season flowering, medium duration of flowering, matured for consumption on August 14
FLOWERING SHOOT: medium thickness, anthocyanin colouration ranging from weak to medium on the side away from the sun, sparse to medium density of flower buds, flower buds distributed mostly in groups of two or more

FLOWER: non-showy type
CALYX: greenish red on inner side
COROLLA: inner side predominantly blue pink (RHS 63C, 64C)
PETAL: narrow ovate, five
STAMENS: positioned at the same level to above the petals, positioned above the anthers
ANTHERS: pollen present
OVARY: pubescence present

LEAF BLADE: large length to width ratio, concave in cross section, recurving apex, crenate margin, acute base, small apex angle, green, no red mid-vein on lower side
PETIOLE: reniform nectaries, predominantly two nectaries

FRUIT: medium to large, round to ovate in ventral view, weakly depressed pistil end, symmetric, weak to medium prominence of suture, medium depth stalk cavity, medium width stalk cavity
SKIN: yellow ground colour, medium red to dark red over colour, solid flush and mottled over colour, medium to large extent of over colour, no pubescence, medium thickness, weak adherence to flesh
FLESH: firm, yellow ground colour, no anthocyanin colouration directly under the skin, absent or very weak anthocyanin colouration, medium anthocyanin colouration around the stone, not fibrous, medium to high sweetness, low to medium acidity
STONE: medium to large compared to fruit, obovate in lateral view, medium anthocyanin colouration, medium brown, pits and grooves on surface, weak adherence to flesh

Origin & Breeding History: 'HW109' originated from a traditional cross pollination between the varieties 'HW106' and 'A334N'. The cross was conducted at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in Harrow, Ontario in 1987 after which time the plants were moved to Vineland Research Station in 1991 for further evaluation. 'HW109' was selected as a four year old tree for its fruit size, fruit colour, fruit taste, harvest maturity window and disease tolerance.

Tests & Trials: The trial for 'HW109' was conducted in an orchard during the spring/summer of 2013, at Vineland Research and Innovations Centre Inc., in Vineland, Ontario. The trial included a total of 3 trees of the candidate variety and 4 trees of the reference variety. Trees were grown on 'Bailey' rootstock and young trees were planted in rows with approximately 3 metre spacing between trees in 1997 at the Vineland Research Station. Additional trees of the candidate were observed at a local commercial orchard. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plant parts, with flower characteristics observed on May 7, 2013, leaf characteristics on July 8, 2013 and fruit characteristics on August 21, 2013. All colour determinations were made using the 2007 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'AAC Harovin Rouge' with reference variety 'Harblaze'

Predominant colour of corolla (RHS)

  'AAC Harovin Rouge' 'Harblaze'
inner side 63C with 64C in middle zone 69C with 65A at base

Petal width (cm)

  'AAC Harovin Rouge' 'Harblaze'
mean 0.9 2.0
std. deviation 0.07 0.06

Click on image for larger view
AAC Harovin Rouge
Nectarine: 'HW109' (left) with reference variety 'Harblaze' (right)

Click on image for larger view
AAC Harovin Rouge
Nectarine: 'HW109' (left) with reference variety 'Harblaze' (right)

Click on image for larger view
AAC Harovin Rouge
Nectarine: 'HW109' (left) with reference variety 'Harblaze' (right)

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