Denomination: 'AKIV98-01'
Trade name: Superbena Coral Red
Botanical Name: Verbena
Applicant/Holder: Plant 21 LLC
32149 Aquaduct Road
Bonsall, California
United States of America
Breeder: Akiko Takahashi, Plant 21 LLC, Shiga, Japan
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2009-03-27
Application Number: 09-6599
Grant of Rights Date: 2011-08-19
Certificate Number: 4146
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2029-08-19

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Lan Depink' (Lanai Deep Pink) and 'Arbena' (Lanai Strawberry and Cream)

Summary: The inflorescence of 'AKIV98-01' is larger than the inflorescences of the reference varieties. The calyx of 'AKIV98-01' has anthocyanin colouration present in the teeth while the reference varieties have no anthocyanin in the calyx. The tip of the hairs at the edge of the corolla tube are purple for 'AKIV98-01' while they are light green-yellow for the reference varieties. The corolla of 'AKIV98-01' is larger in diameter than the corolla of both reference varieties. The lower side of the corolla is purple red to light blue pink for 'AKIV98-01' while it is light blue pink for 'Lan Depink' and purple red for 'Arbena'. The corolla of 'AKIV98-01' has no eye zone while the corolla of 'Lan Depink' has a small to medium whitish green eye zone.


PLANT: semi-upright to creeping growth habit
STEM: dense pubescence, medium green, medium anthocyanin colouration on middle third

LEAF: ovate to broad ovate, cuneate and truncate base, no divisions, dentate margin incisions, upper side medium green with no anthocyanin colouration

INFLORESCENCE: broad ovate in profile
CAYLX: anthocyanin colouration on teeth only
COROLLA TUBE: hairs purple at tip
COROLLA LOBES: not touching, longitudinal axis incurved to straight, weak to medium margin undulation, one colour on upper side, shaded colour pattern, lighter towards apex, upper side dark pink red (RHS 52A) when newly opened, dark pink red (RHS 51A) with purple red (RHS N57A) at base when fully opened, lower side purple red to light blue pink (RHS 55B-C) fading to white at base, weakly fading with age
COROLLA EYE: absent.

Origin & Breeding History: The variety 'AKIV98-01' originated from a controlled cross made in Higashiomi, Shiga, Japan on May 25, 2005. The female parent was the variety 'Sunvivaro' and the male parent was the variety 'USBENAL17'. The new verbena was selected as a single plant from the resultant progeny on June 29, 2007 in Higashiomi, Shiga, Japan and was selected based on flower colour, flower size and good resistance to powdery mildew. The variety was first propagated by vegetative cuttings on December 30, 2007 in Bonsall, California, USA.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'AKIV98-01' were conducted in a polyhouse during the spring of 2010, in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included a total of 15 plants each of the candidate and reference varieties. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings and transplanted into 11 cm pots on May 4, 2010. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety on June 4, 2010. All colour determinations were made using the 2007 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'AKIV98-01' with reference varieties 'Lan Depink' and 'Arbena'

Inflorescence diameter (cm)

  'AKIV98-01' 'Lan Depink' 'Arbena'
mean 6.5 5.9 5.3
std. deviation 0.37 0.22 0.34

Corolla diameter (mm)

  'AKIV98-01' 'Lan Depink' 'Arbena'
mean 27.3 21.0 23.2
std. deviation 1.49 0.80 1.03

Colour of corolla (RHS)

  'AKIV98-01' 'Lan Depink' 'Arbena'
upper side 51A, N57A (redder than) at base N57B 58C, N57A (redder than) at base
lower side 55B-C, white at base 62B-C, white at base 61D, white at base

Click on image for larger view
Verbena: 'AKIV98-01' (left) with reference varieties 'Lan Depink' (centre) and 'Arbena' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Verbena: 'AKIV98-01' (left) with reference varieties 'Lan Depink' (centre) and 'Arbena' (right)

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